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The 'Sheedi' Community of Sindh - The Africans of Pakistan

The 'Sheedi' Community of Sindh - The Africans of Pakistan

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Published by Tarek Fatah
There are two groups of Sheedis found in Pakistan, Arab-originated (Makranis)
speaking Balochi language that live in Southern Balochistan, while others Africa originated living in Sindh speak Sindhi language and are called as “Ghar Java”.
Current study was carried out on the later group. This is an empirical study
conducted in Sheedi paro village Rajo Nizamani in District Tando Muhammad
Khan. Sheedis are Muslims by religion but they are very different from other
ethnic groups in Rajo Nizamani due to their particular historical background.
Sheedis have their own cultural characteristics and can easily be distinguished from the mainstream culture.
They have particular belief system and exclusive aesthetic and artistic expressions. Another major peculiarity is their economic
mode as they are considered as the descendents of the slaves brought to this
area either directly from Africa or indirectly through European invasion. Sheedis
as a community are a potential source of anthropological interest due to their
traditional way of living and artistic traditions.
There are two groups of Sheedis found in Pakistan, Arab-originated (Makranis)
speaking Balochi language that live in Southern Balochistan, while others Africa originated living in Sindh speak Sindhi language and are called as “Ghar Java”.
Current study was carried out on the later group. This is an empirical study
conducted in Sheedi paro village Rajo Nizamani in District Tando Muhammad
Khan. Sheedis are Muslims by religion but they are very different from other
ethnic groups in Rajo Nizamani due to their particular historical background.
Sheedis have their own cultural characteristics and can easily be distinguished from the mainstream culture.
They have particular belief system and exclusive aesthetic and artistic expressions. Another major peculiarity is their economic
mode as they are considered as the descendents of the slaves brought to this
area either directly from Africa or indirectly through European invasion. Sheedis
as a community are a potential source of anthropological interest due to their
traditional way of living and artistic traditions.

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Published by: Tarek Fatah on Aug 17, 2013
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Department of AnthropologyQUAID-E-AZAM UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD
Sheedi Communityof Sindh, Pakistan 
 A research Thesis to complete M.Sc (Anthropology)
SIKANDER ALI NIZAMANI
 
4/18/2006 
 
ii
CONTENTSChapter 1
PAGE NO
INTRODUCTION 01
 
1.1
 
INTRODUCTION……………………………….…………………….………
 
011.2
 
STATEMENT
 
OF
 
PROBLEM……………………………………………….
021.3
 
SHEEDI:
 
 AS
 
 A
 
COMMUNITY……………………………………………….
021.4
 
ETYMOLOGY
 
OF
 
SHEEDI………………………………………………….
031.5
 
OBJECTIVES
 
OF
 
THE
 
STUDY…………………………………………….
031.6
 
EXPLANATION
 
OF
 
KEY
 
TERMS……………………………………….….
031.6.1
 
ETHNOGRAPHY……………………………………………………...
041.6.2
 
ETHNOMUSICOLOGY………………………………………………
041.6.3
 
FOLK
 
……………………………...…………………………………...
041.7
 
LOCALE……………………………………………………………………….
051.8
 
METHODOLOGY……………………………….……………………………
051.8.1
 
RAPPORT
 
BUILDING…………………….………………………….
061.8.2
 
PARTICIPATION
 
OBSERVATION….………………………………
061.8.3
 
INFORMAL
 
 AND
 
UN-STRUCTURED
 
INTERVIEWS……………..
061.8.4
 
NON
 
PARTICIPATION
 
OBSERVATION.
 
………………………….
071.8.5
 
KEY
 
INFORMANTS……………………………….………………….
071.8.6
 
SOCIOECONOMIC
 
CENSUS
 
SURVEY
 
FORM…………………...
081.8.7
 
PHYSICAL
 
MAPPING………………………………………………..
081.8.8
 
PHOTOGRAPHY………………………………………………….….
081.8.9
 
TAPE
 
RECORDING…………………………………………………..
081.8.10
 
FOCUS
 
GROUP
 
DISCUSSION……………………………………
10
1.8.11 INFORMAL GROUP DISCUSSION.............................………….
10
1.8.12 DAILY DIARY………………………………………………………..
10
1.8.13 FIELD NOTES……………………………………………………….
11
1.8.14 JOTTING……………………………………………………………..
11
1.8.15 LOG…………………………………………………………………...
11
 
iii
1.8.16 CASE STUDY………………………………………………………..
111.8.17
 
SAMPLING
 
………………………………………………………….
111.9
 
PROBLEM
 
FACED…………………………………………………………..
121.10
 
SIGNIFICANCE
 
OF
 
THE
 
STUDY
…………………………………………
12
Chapter 2
 
LITERATURE
 
REVIEW 14
 
2.1
 
ETHNOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………..
142.2
 
ETHNOMUSICOLOGY………
 
……………………………………………...
17
2.3 MUSIC AS PART OF CULTURE..............................…...………..
 
………21
 
2.4 SEHARAS (WEDDING) AND CERMONI
AL SONGS……………………
22
2.5 THE SHEEDIS…………………………………………..………….………...23
 
Chapter 3
LOCALE
 
PROFILE 25
3.1 NAME………………………………………………………………………….
253.2
LOCALE……………………………………………………………………….
253.3 HISTORY OF LOCAL
E………………………………………………..…….
253.4 TANDO MUHAMMAD KHA
N……………………………………………….
263.5 PHYSICAL FEATURE
S……………………………………………………..
28
3.6 CLIMATE……………………………………………………………………...
28
3.7 FLORA AND FAUNA………………………………………………………
... 28
3.7.1 FLORA………………………………………………………………….
28
3.7.2 FAUNA…………………………………………………………………
293.8 AREA BOUN
DARY OF LOCALE…………………………………………..
293.9 RIVER INDUS OR P
HITO…………………………………………………..
29
3.10 LANGUAGE……………………………………………………………..….
. 303.11 TRADITIONAL SIN
GING…………………………………………………..
30
3.12 DRESS PATTERN …………………………………………………………
303.13 HOUSING PATTERN
………………………………………………………
30

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