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Software Testing Manual

Software Testing Manual

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Published by Abdulraheman

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Published by: Abdulraheman on Jun 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/02/2012

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Index
1.Introduction2.Principle of Testing3.Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)4.Software Development Lifecycle Models5.Some of the Software Testing Terms and Definitions6.Verification and validation7.Project Management8.Quality Management
9.
Risk Management10.Configuration Management11.Types of Software Testing12.Testing levels13. Types of Testing Techniques14. Testing Life Cycle15.Defect Tracking16.Test Reports17.Software Metric18.Other Testing Terms19.Test Standards20.Web Testing21.Testing Terms22. Technical Questions
 
 
Software Testing
Software Testing
Introduction
Software testing is a critical element of software quality assurance and represents theultimate process to ensure the correctness of the product. The quality product alwaysenhances the customer confidence in using the product thereby increases the businesseconomics. In other words, a good quality product means zero defects, which is derivedfrom a better quality process in testing.Software is an integrated set of Program codes, designed logically to implement a particular function or to automate a particular process. To develop a software product or  project, user needs and constraints must be determined and explicitly stated. Thedevelopment process is broadly classified into two.1. Product development2. Project developmentProduct development is done assuming a wide range of customers and their needs. Thistype of development involves customers from all domains and collecting requirements frommany different environments.Project Development is done by focusing a particular customer's need, gathering data fromhis environment and bringing out a valid set of information that will help as a pillar todevelopment process.Testing is a necessary stage in the software life cycle: it gives the programmer and user some sense of correctness, though never "proof of correctness. With effective testingtechniques, software is more easily debugged, less likely to "break," more "correct", and,in summary, better.2
 
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Software Testing
Most development processes in the IT industry always seem to follow a tight schedule.Often, these schedules adversely affect the testing process, resulting in step motherlytreatment meted out to the testing process. As a result, defects accumulate in theapplication and are overlooked so as to meet deadlines. The developers convincethemselves that the overlooked errors can be rectified in subsequent releases.The definition of testing is not well understood. People use a totally incorrect definitionof the word
testing
, and that this is the primary cause for poor program testing.Testing the product means adding value to it by raising the quality or reliability of the product. Raising the reliability of the product means finding and removing errors. Henceone should not test a product to show that it works; rather, one should start with theassumption that the program contains errors and then test the program to find as many of the errors as possible.
Definitions of Testing:
“Testing is the process of executing a program with the intent of finding errors ” Or “Testing is the process of evaluating a system by manual or automatic means and verify that it satisfies specified requirements” Or "... the process of exercising or evaluating a system or system component by manual or automated means to verify that it satisfies specified requirements or to identifydifferences / between expected and actual results..."
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