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Basic Geometiric Formulas and Properties

Basic Geometiric Formulas and Properties

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Published by: Ed Christopher Sazon David on Aug 18, 2013
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BASIC GEOMETRIC FORMULAS AND PROPERTIES
This handout is intended as a review of 
basic geometric formulas and properties
. For further or more advanced geometric formulas and properties, consult with a SLAC counselor.
 
Square:
Perimeter:
P = 4s or 2s + 2s
Area:
A = s
2
 
ss
 
Rectangle:
l
 
w
Perimeter:
P = 2w + 2
l
Area:
A =
l
 
×
w
 
Triangles:
 
Perimeter:
P = a + b + c
 
a chb
Area:
A = (1/2)
×
b
×
h
Types of Triangles:
Isosceles (two equal sides)Equilateral (all sides equal)Right (one 90
o
or right angle)
Ac bB Ca
 Pythagorean Theorem (for right triangles only):
a
2
+ b
2
= c
2
 
Sum of the Angles (all triangles):
o
A + B + C = 180
iameter:
Circle:
D
d = 2r 
Circumference:
C = 2
π  
r =
π  
Area:
A =
π  
2
 
Rectangular Solid:
l
wh
Volume:
V =
l
 
×
w hw) + (2
×
Surface Area:
S = (2 h
× ×
 
×
 
l
 
×
h ) + (2
×
 
l
 
×
w)
ight C Rircular Cylinder:
 Volume:
V =
π  
rh
2
h
Surface Area:
S = 2
π  
r h + 2
π  
2
mentaryuresles Ales.
omplementary Angles:
 
C
 
Two angles are compleif the sum of their meas
 CADB
is 90
o
. Angles A and B arecomplementary angles. Angand C are complementary ang
 
 
upple
d 2 are pplementary angles. Anglesntary angles.
Oppos
o lines,s).
Angles 2 and 3 are congruent.
Angles:
 
re also alternate interior angles.re called alternate
ior nt.
 re also alternative exterior angles.nt. (opposite/vertical angles)Angles 4 and 5 are congruent. (alternate interior angles)Straight lines have degrees measuringB is a straight line,
m
3
 
S
 
mentary Angles:
Two angles are supplementaryif the sum of their measuresis 180
o
.
 Angles 1 ansu2 and 4 are suppleme
m
1
2 14 3m
2
6 58 7
ite/Vertical Angles:
 he intersection of twm and m, form fouT
13
angles.Opposite (vertical) angles arecongruent (have equal measure 
Angles 1 and 4 are congruent.
Alternate Interior and Exterior
Lines m
1
and m
2
are parallel.Angles 4 and 5 are called alternateinterior angles. Alternate interior angles are congruent.
 Angles 3 and 6aAngles 2 and 7 aexterior angles.
Alternate exter angles are congrue
 Angles 1 and 8a
Note:
Angles 1 and 4 are congrue Angles 5 and 8 are congruent. (opposite/vertical angles)Angles 1 and 8 are congruent. (alternate exterior angles)Angles 2 and 6 are congruent. (corresponding angles)Angles 3 and 7 are congruent. (corresponding angles)etc.
Straight Lines:
180
o
. If D to
D C B
then angle DCB is 180
o
.2
 
 48
54 b
BASIC PROBLEMS OF GEOMETRY
1.
 
Two sides of a triangle are 7 andind the third side..
 
If a square has an area of 49 ft
2
, what is the length of one of its sides? The perimeter?how long must its length be.
 
of a right triangle is 70
o
, what are the other 2 angles?.
 
What is the diameter of a circle with an area of 1613 centimeters. The perimeter is 27 centimeters. F 2.
 
Find the area of the triangle:3 4.
 
If a rectangle has a width of 4,so that the area is 36?If one angle5 .
 
Find b:6 7
π  
?.
 
What is the circumference of the circle in problem 7? (allow8
π  
= 3.14)d a ume 240 in.
3
, what is the box's.
 
If a box has a height of 4 in., a length of 12 in., anvol9width?10.Find the volume: (allow
π  
= 3.14)11.
 
Lines m
1
and m
2
are pa2.
 
What is the measure of angle 5?
14 3m
2
6 5
 
8 7
rallel, what is the measure of angle 1?1 3.
 
What is the measure of angle 4?1 
m
3
m
1
120
o
27
 3

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