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Table Of Contents

Setting the Stage PART
SAP the Company and its Product R/3
The Concept of Enterprise Resources Planning Systems
What Is ERP?
ERP Perceives an Enterprise as a Global Enterprise
ERP Fundamentally Models a Process-Oriented Enterprise
ERP Enables the Real-Time Enterprise
ERP Elevates IT Strategy as a Part of the Business Strategy
ERP Is a Mass-User Oriented Application Environment
Management by Collaboration (MBC)
The Information-Driven Enterprise
The Process-Oriented Enterprise
The Value-Add Driven Enterprise
Enterprise Change Management
The Learning Organization
The Virtual Organization
Why Use ERP?
Knowledge as the New Capital
Information as the New Resource
ERPs as Keepers of Organizational Knowledge Assets
Summary
The Anatomy of an ERP System
Application Repository System
Graphical User Interface (GUI) Management System
Menu Management System
Help Management System
Database Management System
Fourth-Generation Language Development Environment
Query Management System
Report Management System
Application Administration and Management System
Software Distribution Management System
Configuration Management System
Change Management System
Version Management System
Security and Authorization Management System
Audit Management System
Disaster Recovery Management System
Archival Management System
Communications Management System
Application Programming Interface (API) System
Online Documentation System
Print Documentation System
Office Automation System
Groupware and Workflow System
Data Warehouse and Data Analysis System
Implementation Project Management System
ERP Acquisition Decision Process
General Considerations of ERP Evaluation
Checklists for ERP Evaluation
Checklists for ERP Functional Requirements
Significant Issues to be Considered While Evaluating ERP
ERP Product Functionality and Features
Vendor Credibility
ERP Architecture and Technology
ERP Implementation and Use
Investments and Budgets
The ERP Infrastructure
The ERP Implementation Time
SAP for the Small and Medium Enterprises (SME)
The ERP Selection Process
The Selection Team
Functional Team
Technical Team
Technology Team
Commercial Team
ERP Core Selection Methodology
Process Selection
Enterprise Process Mapping
Script Tests
Stress Test
ERP Selection Report
ERP Systems Comparative Chart
Script and Stress Test Reports
Recommendations Report
SAP the Company
History of SAP
The Significance of SAP R/3
Client/Server Principle
Comprehensive Functionality
Customizability
World-class Practices
Application Integration and Real-Time Operations
SAP Architecture
SAP architecture
Graphical User Interface (GUIs)
R/3 Repository
Comprehensive Application Development Environment
Open Architecture
R/3 System Controls
SAP Services
Partnering for Growth
Other Significant Aspects of SAP R/3
SAP Document
Recording by Example (RBE)
Variants
Drill-down Reporting
Recent SAP Strategic Initiatives
TeamSAP
Accelerated SAP (ASAP) Implementation Methodology
SAP Ready-to-Run R/3 (RRR)
EnjoySAP
MySAP.com
Mission and Objectives of the SAP Project
Examples of Cited Reasons for Implementing SAP
Project Initiation and Planning
Critical Success Factors
Direct Involvement of the Top Management
Clear Project Scope
Standardizing Business Process
Allocation of Appropriate Budget and Resources
Full-Time Deputation of Key Managers from All Departments
Instituting a Company-Wide Change Management Plan
Training of SAP Team Members
Training of User Members
Transition Plan for Cut-Over to SAP
Implementation Strategy
Big Bang Implementation of SAP Modules
Base Modules Implemented First
Implementation of SAP Standard Functionality
Centralized or Decentralized SAP Configuration
User-Driven Functionality
SAP Implementation Project Bill of Resources (BOR)
Money
Materials
Manpower
Time Period
Information
Implementation Environment
R/3 Reference Model
R/3 Business Navigator
R/3 Analyzer
International Demo and Education System (IDES)
SAP Implementation Methodologies
SAP Procedure Model
Accelerated SAP
Project Management
Project Organization
Project Control
Project Monitoring
Project Reviews
SAP Implementation
Pre-Implementation
Implementation
Post-Implementation
SAP Support
SAP Deployment
Why SAP Projects Might Sometimes Be Less than Successful
The Background of Business Process Reengineering (BPR)
Value-Added View of Business Processes
BPR and AcceleratedSAP (ASAP)
An Enterprise BPR Methodology
Strategic Planning for Enterprise BPR
Identifying the Business Processes in the Company
Selecting Business Processes for BPR
Creating Process Maps
Analyzing Processes for Breakthrough Improvements
Innovative Breakthrough Improvement in Processes
Implementing Reengineered Processes
Measuring the Performance of Reengineered Processes
Changeability of SAP-driven Organizations
Real-Time SAP Operations Make Processes Transparent
Integrated SAP Operations Eliminate Handoffs
SAP and Change Management
Change Champions—Core Team
Change Facilitators—Super-Users
Change Agents—End Users
•Operating system interfaces
Operating System Interface
Transactions in SAP
SAP Logical Units of Work (LUW)
The Dispatcher and Work Processes
Dialog Process
Batch Process
Update Process
Enqueue Process
Spool Process
Other Services
Computer Center Management System (CCMS)
Control Panel
The SAP Instance
System Monitoring
Workbench Organizer and Transport System
Other Administration Utilities
R/3 System Logs
System Trace Utilities
Database Interface
Communication Interface
ABAP/4 Short Dumps
Presentation Interface
SAPGUI
SAP Session Manager
ABAP Genesis
Object Orientation
The Object-Oriented Paradigm
Inheritance and Encapsulation
Advantages of Object Orientation
Object Orientation and SAP
ABAP/4 Development Workbench
ABAP/4 Dictionary
Data Browser
Object Browser
Program Editor
Screen Painter
Menu Painter
Function Library
Testing and Performance Analysis
Workbench Organizer
Programming in ABAP/4
Data Types and Operations
Data Table Processing
SAP Transactions
Subroutines
Functions
Reporting
Logical Databases
Selection Screens
Interactive Reporting
Dialog Programming
Dynpros
Flow Logic
ABAP/4 Query
SAPScripts
Batch Data Communication and Interfaces
Future of ABAP/4 as a General-Purpose Programming Language
Finance and Controlling (FI-CO)
Core Business Processes
Initial Configuration and Master Data
Special Features
Interface to Other Functions
Sales and Distribution (SD)
Materials Management (MM)
Production Planning (PP)
Quality Management (QM)
Plant Maintenance (PM)
Human Resources (HR)
Industry-Specific (IS) Solutions
SAP Solution Maps
SAP Executive Sponsor
SAP Project Executive Committee
•An executive sponsor
SAP Project Steering Committee
Roles of the Executive and Steering Committee Members
Deciding the Scope of the SAP Project
Starting the SAP Project
SAP Project Management Structure
Chief Project Officer (CPO)
Site Project Managers
Module Leaders
Resource Manager
Training Manager
Project Management Policies and Guidelines
Project Strategy
Project Planning and Monitoring
Project Resources Requirements
Project Training Requirements
Risk Management in a SAP Project
Selecting the Most Critical Processes
Implementing Best-of-Business Processes
Centralized Base Reference Configuration
Accelerated SAP (ASAP) Methodology
Change Management in a SAP Project
Roles of the SAP Project Team Members
SAP Project Team
Functional Consultants Team
SAP Technical Team
SAP Administration Team
Preparing the SAP Infrastructure Plan
Installing the Hardware and Operating Systems
Installing LAN and WAN Solutions
SAP Installation
SAP System Landscape Planning and Management
Two-system Landscape
Three-system Landscape
Client Administration
SAP System Administration
Job Administration
User Administration
User Master Records
R/3 Super-users
Activity Groups
Authorizations for Users
Administering Authorizations
Profile Generator
Print Administration
Database Administration
The Implementation Stage PART
Why Are SAP Implementations So Complex?
Computer-Aided Software Implementation (CASI)
SAP as a Populated CASE Environment
SAP Implementations and Expert Systems
What Is ASAP?
ASAP Roadmap
ASAP Toolkit
ASAP Services, Support, and Training
Advantages of ASAP
ASAP, BPR, and Change Management
ASAP for Application Consultants
Preconfigured Industry Systems
Implementation Guide (IMG)
Features of Project IMG
Using Project IMG for Customizing SAP
Project Planning
Prepare Project Charter
Define Implementation Strategy
Define Project Organization
Prepare Project Plan
Prepare Training Plan
Project Standards and Procedures
Define Project Management Standards and Procedures
Define Implementation Project Standards and Procedures
Define System Landscape Strategy
Project Kick-Off
Infrastructure Requirements Planning
Define Infrastructure Requirements
Benchmark Hardware
Procure Initial Hardware
Order Remote Connection
Quality Check Project Preparation Phase
Signoff Project Preparation Phase
Review Project Preparation
Conduct Project Team Status Meetings
Conduct Steering Committee Meetings
Preparing for the Business Blueprint Phase
Organizational Change Management
Create Business Impact Map
Complete the Baseline Risk Assessment
Develop a Sponsorship Strategy
Establish the Communications Framework
Establish the Skills Development Process
Implement the Know-how Transfer Process
Project Team Training
Establish Development System Environment
Create Technical Design
Set up Development Environment
Maintain the System Administration System
Initialize the IMG
Define the Business Organization Structure
Business Process Definition
Prepare for Business Process Workshops
Conduct General Requirements Workshop
Conduct Business Process Workshops
Conduct Detailed Process Workshops
Prepare Business Blueprint
Review and Approve the Business Blueprint
Prepare End-User Training and Documentation Plans
Quality Check Business Blueprint Phase
Signing off the Business Blueprint Phase
Project Management Realization Phase
Review Business Blueprint
Initial Planning for Production Support and Cutover
Conduct Team-Building Activities
Preparing for the Realization Phase
Sustaining the Organization Change Management Process
Periodic Risk Assessments and Workshops
Create and Provide Feedback to the Line Managers
Conduct Risk Management Meetings with Key Constituencies
Deliver Key Project Communications
Manage the Ongoing Project Sponsorship Process
Manage the Ongoing Skills Development Process
Manage the Knowledge-Transfer Team and Process
Renewal of the Change Management Team
Conduct Project Team Training
System Management
Establish Level Commitments
Develop System Test Plans
Establish System Administration Functions
Set Up the Quality Assurance (QA) System Environment
Establish the Production System Management
Set Up the Production Environment
Baseline Configuration and Confirmation
Revise the Baseline Scope Document
Create the Baseline Configuration Plan
Create Test Cases
Create a Test Plan
Allocate Resources
Configure the Initial Settings and Organizational Structure
Configure and Validate the Baseline
Perform Baseline Confirmation
Perform the Final Configuration and Confirmation
Configure and Validate the Final Scope (Cycle 1 to n)
Establish the Final Confirmation (Cycle 1 to n)
Perform ABAP/4 Development
Develop Forms
Develop Reports
Develop Conversion Programs
Develop Application Interface Programs
Develop Enhancements
Establish the Authorization Concept
Compile the Authorization Concept’s Detailed Design
Management of the Authorization Environment
Validate the Authorization Concept
Establish the Archiving Management
Conduct the Final Integration Test
Define the Scope of Integration Test
Prepare the Final Integration Test Plan
Transport All Objects to QA and Freeze the System
Conduct the Final Integration Tests
Prepare End-User Documentation and Training Material
Define the End-User Documentation Plan
Compile the End-User Documentation
Prepare the End-User Training Plan
Prepare the End-User Training Instructor Material
Prepare the End-User Training Material
Quality Check Realization Phase
Sign Off the Business Blueprint Phase
Project Management of the Final Preparation Phase
Review the Final Preparation Phase
Continue Team-Building Activity
Continuing the Organization Change Management Process
End-User Training
Prepare for End-user Training
Conduct End-user Training
Review and Assess Post-training Skills
Establish Production System Administration
Conduct System Tests
Refine the Cutover and Production Support Plan
Prepare a Detailed Cutover Plan
Extending the Boundaries of Expertise
SAP Business Workflow
SAP Business Workflow Concept
SAP Business Workflow Environment
SAP Business Information Warehouse
Characteristic Features of SAP BW
Components of SAP BW
SAP Business Framework
Business Components
Business Objects
Business Programming Interfaces (BAPI)
Application Link Enabling (ALE)
Architecture of ALE
Components of ALE
Scenarios of ALE
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
EDI Architecture
Data Flow in Outbound Processing
SAP R/3 System on the Internet
Connecting to SAP Through the Internet
SAP Internet Transaction Server (ITS)
Enterprise Stakeholders
Aspects of Enterprise Value
Value to Customers
Value to Shareholders
Value to Managers
Value to Vendors
Value to Employees
Enhancement of Measures of Performances by SAP
Value-based Management
Balance Scorecard (BSC)
Financial Perspective
Customer Perspective
Internal Business Processes Perspective
Learning and Growth Perspective
SAP Strategic Enterprise Management (SEM)
The SAP Strategic Enterprise Management (SEM) process
Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)
Business Planning and Simulation (BPS)
Business Information Collection (BIC)
Business Consolidation and Sourcing (BCS)
Corporate Performance Monitor (CPM)
Stakeholder Relationship Management (SRM)
SAP AG’s ValueSAP Program
Beyond the Enterprise
The Extended Collaborative Enterprise (ECE)
Supply-chain Management (SCM)
Supply-chain Planning
Supply-chain Optimization
Supply-chain Synchronization
The Electronic Supply-chain Management (e-SCM) Systems
Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
Enterprise Application Integration (EAI)
Web User Interfaces (WUI)
SAP’s mySAP.com Internet Environment
mySAP.com Marketplace
mySAP.com Workplace
mySAP.com Business Scenarios
mySAP.com Application-Hosting Services
The Customer-triggered Company
The Internet and the Millennium Enterprises
Technology Partners
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153105009-Implementing-SAP™-R3-The-Guide-for-Business-and-Technology-Managers-pdf

153105009-Implementing-SAP™-R3-The-Guide-for-Business-and-Technology-Managers-pdf

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Published by: Karthik Selvaraj on Aug 18, 2013
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