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Writing FirstYear 2006 Final Ha Da Sua

Writing FirstYear 2006 Final Ha Da Sua

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Published by polarbear_151
Sach Viet nam thu nhat
Sach Viet nam thu nhat

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Published by: polarbear_151 on Jun 04, 2009
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Unit 1: Formal & Informal Letters
FORMAL LANGUAGE AND INFORMAL LANGUAGE IN LETTER WRITING
Formal language
 
is the kind we use when we are being businesslike or whenwe are talking to people who we need to respect. We use formal types of languagewhen we are writing essays, or applying for a job, or talking to our teachers. For example, you would use either 
Yours sincerely 
or 
Yours faithfully 
at the end of aformal letter, and would sign the letter using both your first name and surname.
Informal language
 
is the kind we use when we are talking or writing to our family or friends. For example, you would use something like
From
,
 All the best 
, or 
Lots of love
at the end of an informal letter, and would sign the letter using your firstname or a nickname.
1.
 
Language of formal and informal letters
 A. Which phrases or types of language would you find in a formal letter? Which phrasesor types of language would you find in an informal letter? Put them in the right columnbelow.
FormalInforma
9
Grammar infocus
Formal and informallanguage
Explanation
Practice
 
I am sorry to inform you that...
phrasal verbs
I am very grateful for...
Why don't we...
I will not be able to attendthe...
idioms and slang
contracted verb forms like
we've, I'm, etc.
 
Give my regards to...
I look forward to hearing from you...
Let me know as soon as...
short sentences
Dear Tom,
Dear Ms Smithers,
Best wishes,
Yours faithfully,
I'm really sorry I...
Unfortunately, we will have topostpone...
We had a little bit of luck...
Our computers are used for avariety...
I use my pencil sharper for...
polite phrases
fewer passive verb forms
B. Look at the following characteristics of letters. Decide whether they are applied toformal or informal letters or both by ticking the correct column.
10
 
 
FormalInformal
begins with
Dear ...
refers to reason for writinguses contractionsuses abbreviationsuses simple, short sentencesuses simple linkers, e.g.
then, later 
has paragraphsis politecould use slangcould use exclamation marks (!)ends with
Yours sincerely, / Yours faithfully,
ends with
Best wishes / Write soon
ends with a signatureends with a signature and a full name printed (or in capitals)
2. Expressions to begin and end formal and informal letters
Look at the following expressions which are used when writing letters. Where would you find each of them in a letter? Make a list under each heading:
BeginningsSignalling the endClosings (at the end)
11

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