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Changing climate poses threat of major conflicts within Pakistan
The impact of changing climate in Pakistan exhibits symptoms of increase in the number of extremists' sanctuaries, wars between Sindh and Punjab, mass migrations, rise in urban violence and vote-bank loss for liberal parties.
Sindh is undergoing a social upheaval, not just the change. Northern Sindh once again after ninety years had the highest temperature of the Asia, 53.5 °C recorded on May 26, 2010; which earlier wasrecorded at 52.8 °C on June 12, 1919.
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Sain Dino Mallah: A Sindh village neglected by govt
The land of lower Indus river basin has an average temperature of 46 °C and 2 °C, with dry weather of an average 7 inches rain. Indus floods were a great source of agriculture economy in the rain deficitprovince but commissioning of dams and construction of water diversion canals in Punjab provincehas left Sindh water scarce during last two decades. Heavy rain and floods in 2010 -11 wereexceptions.The cultivation patterns have changed over the last three decades featuring a month-long delay in thecrop cycle; weather extremes; squeezed autumns and springs; and erratic as well as unpredictablerainfall patterns. Almost 30% to 50 % yield decline due to an average 40% water table declinecombined with 40% to 60% increase in the use of fertilizers and pesticides has devastated economy of the province. Besides, the decline in grass vegetation and thus in livestock has served not only asevere blow to the economy but to the traditional nutrition and dietary as well.Biodiversity threats have challenged ecological balance, economical and agronomic fabric, and folk culture. In coastal Sindh, the excessive appearance of vipers and other serpents predicted flooding afew decades ago indicating communities to take precaution. Communities cannot predict anymore.Oil rich coastal district Badin is one example. According to 1970-2000 data of Sindh Government,
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