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Karen Rosenblum-Cale

Karen Rosenblum-Cale

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Published by punktlich
Review by Karen Rosenblum-Cale of Political Cohesion in a Fragile Mosaic' The Yugoslav Experience. By Lenard Cohen and Paul Warwick. (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1983
Review by Karen Rosenblum-Cale of Political Cohesion in a Fragile Mosaic' The Yugoslav Experience. By Lenard Cohen and Paul Warwick. (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1983

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1985BookReviews:ComparativendOtherAreaStudies551
Eachchapterisaworthyexampleofexactingresearch.SeveraloftheauthorsalsocontributedtoTheElectionsinIsrael-1977(Jerusalem:AcademicPress,1980)editedbyAsherArian.Forthatreasonas wellastheavailabilityofup-datedmaterialthepresentvolumeisanexcellentsupplement.
MARTIN SLANN
ClemsonUniversity
TheSouthernCone:RealitiesoftheAuthori-tarianStateinSouthAmerica. ByCesarCaviedes.(Totowa,N.J.:Rowman&Allanheld,Publishers,1984.Pp.x+212.$34.95.)Thisis animportantnterdisciplinaryfforttosynthesizethenatureandprospectsofauthori-tariantatesn theSouthernCone,definedheretoincludesouthernBrazilaswellasArgentina,Chile,andUruguay.Caviedessaprofessorofgeography,whichleadshimtoprovideanin-terestingexpositionoftrendsinphysicalandpoliticalgeographys wellas trendsnclassesandhierarchicalnstitutions.His pleasantwritingtylereinforceshisobviouscompetencenSouthernConeaffairs.Nonetheless,somuch grounds coveredfromvariousdisciplinaryerspectiveshatthenarrativedoestendtodevolveintoasummaryoftheliteraturendifferentopicsratherhanprovidingagenuinenterdisciplinaryynthesis.Examplesoftopicsdiscussedthatdonotgobeyondtheex-istingliteraturearetheroleof thecontemporarychurchin the SouthernConestates,the roleofunions,thetendencyowardscentralization,ndthe impactof thenationalsecuritydoctrineandgeopolitics.A relatedproblems thateachofthefourmainchaptersexaminestheSouthernConeauthori-tarianstatesfroma differentperspectivewithoutanycleartheoreticalunitybetweenthem.TheConclusionmighthaveprovidedasynthesis,butinsteadslimitedtoanimpressionisticrognosisofmilitaryruleand istheweakest partofthebook.Nordoesthebook'scentraltheme-thedurabilityandpervasivenessf theauthoritarianstateasreinforcedbymilitarism-everadequatelyexplainrecurringpressureowardsdemocracyntheSouthernCone.Onlyin thelastfewpagesofthe Conclusionarethe Brazilianoliticalabertura(opening)andthenewdemocratic overnmentnArgentinafinallymentioned.Becausethebookdoespurportto explainthenatureofpoliticalrealitiesintheSouthernConestates,thisisaseriousdefect.
ThetreatmentofArgentinais alsolessthansatisfactory.Whathavebecomestandardexplana-tionsofthe allegedinnate aggressivenessoftheArgentinemilitaryare repeatedhere,whetherex-pressedthroughanunprovokedattackin1982ontheFalklands/MalvinasislandsorthroughbullyingofChile overmuchof thelast decadeontheBeagleChannelissue.Of course,therecordoftheArgen-tinemilitaryhas beenseverelymarredon theseasonothermatters,butthe readeris disturbedthatasupposedlyimpartialanalysisof regionalmilitarismpracticallyacquiresananti-Argentinebias.Forex-ample,theArgentinecases regardingtheFalklands/MalvinasandBeagleChannelissuesarenotmentioned,althoughArgentineconductineachcaseis roundlycriticized.The treatmentofBrazil posesother problems.Caviedesdoespresentacogentcasefor includingsouthernBrazilaspartof theSouthernCone,butBrazil isgenerallygivenshortshriftin theanalysis.This is particularlytroublesomebecausethe implicationsofBrazil'semergenceastheleadingstateintheregionarenot carefullyex-plored.Althoughtheseproblemsdetractfrom theoverallimpactofthe book,Caviedeshasgonewellbeyondpreviousstudiesinpresentinganin-terdisciplinaryanalysisofSouthernCone politicaltrends.It is hopedthatotherswill followhis ex-ample.MICHAEL.MORRISClemsonUniversity
PoliticalCohesionn aFragileMosaic'TheYugo-slavExperience.ByLenardCohenandPaulWarwick.(Boulder,Colo.:WestviewPress,1983.Pp.186. $18.00,paper.)In attackingaperenniallyxploredtopic,theviabilityofmultinationalYugoslaviaanditscon-tinuedcohesiveness,CohenandWarwickhavepooledtheirexpertisein Communistpoliticalsystemsandinlegislativebehaviorrespectivelyodevelopaneclecticapproachcompletewithsophisticatedmethodology.First,theydealwiththe country'sntire65-yearexistenceas anindependenttateandutilizetheconceptof a "singleentity"(p.xi)andsystemobridgeand transcendhangesnregime,deology,andthevarious strategiestomanage culturaldiversityworkedoutbynonsocialistandsocialistelites.Second,the authorsocusuponupper-levellegislativelectionsandvotingbehavior,primarilyas sourcesof aquantitativeatabase,but alsoasphenomenaworthconsideringinthemselves.Last,theyattempttoapply the"entropymea-surement"developedbyStephenColemann The
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