(1) Physical Conditions of the Past Floods
To know the maximum water level attained in the past 35 years.
Past flood marks on ancient monuments, etc., along river banks are located.
Old persons in the villages situated on the bank of the river
The cross-section pertaining to the highest flood marks can be drawn.
Obtain from the cross-section:
Water flow area (
)Wetted perimeter (
)Hydraulic mean depth / hydraulic radius (
By leveling to u/s and d/s of the cross-section site, S can be determined.
Using above parameters velocity of flow (V) is computed by Manning’s or
Using Continuity Equation, flood discharge can be calculated.
Procedure is repeated at several watermarks, to get consistent results.