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101880790 8 Estimation of Peak Flood Discharge

101880790 8 Estimation of Peak Flood Discharge

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Published by SudharsananPRS
peak flood
peak flood

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categoriesTopics, Art & Design
Published by: SudharsananPRS on Aug 19, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/19/2013

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EstimationofPeak / Flood Discharge
 
 
Peak discharges occur in the rivers in the rainfall season.
Estimation methods:
1) Physical conditions of the past floods2) Flood discharge formulae3) Flood frequency studies4) Unit hydrograph
 
 
(1) Physical Conditions of the Past Floods
To know the maximum water level attained in the past 35 years.
Past flood marks on ancient monuments, etc., along river banks are located.
Old persons in the villages situated on the bank of the river 
The cross-section pertaining to the highest flood marks can be drawn.
Obtain from the cross-section:
 Water flow area (
 A
)Wetted perimeter (
)Hydraulic mean depth / hydraulic radius (
)
By leveling to u/s and d/s of the cross-section site, S can be determined.
Using above parameters velocity of flow (V) is computed by Manning’s or 
 Chezy's equation.
 
Using Continuity Equation, flood discharge can be calculated.
Procedure is repeated at several watermarks, to get consistent results.
 

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