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Emergency Food Production 21st Century Spring 2009 (www.mohdpeterdavis.com)

Emergency Food Production 21st Century Spring 2009 (www.mohdpeterdavis.com)

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Published by: Mohd Peter Davis on Jun 05, 2009
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21st Century Science & Technology
Spring200937
A
lthoughMalaysiahasdevelopedairlywellsincein-dependenceromtheBritishin1957,itstillonlypro-ducesone-haloitsood.
1
Whattherathercompla-centandwell-edMalaysianpopulationunortunatelydoesnotknowisthatthecountry,caughtupinthemidstoanor-chestratedcollapseinworldoodproductionandtheglobal
How Developing CountriesCan Produce Emergency FoodAnd Gain
Self-Sufciency
by Mohd Peter Davis and N. Yogendran
Earth Observatory/NASA
Crop circles, in (a) Libya, (b) Jordan, and (c) Kansas, using center pivot irrigation systems. Today these crop circles use underground water or irrigation. But with cheap and abundant electricity and desalinated water pro-duced by ourth-generation modular nuclear reactors,irrigated crop circles can spread throughout the vast tropical zone, solving the world ood crisis and improv-ing the nutrition o a much larger world population.
Google EarthGoogle Maps
Malaysia’srevolutionaryDeep Tropical agricultural system is amodel oreeding theworld—ast—and bringingthe developingnations out o eudal poverty.
 
(a)
 
(b)
 
(c)
 
 
38Spring2009
21st Century Science & Technology
meltdownotheecono-my,isnowinaprecari-oussituationandacesarepeatothestarvationwhichoccurredinthewartimenavalblockadeduringtheJapaneseoc-cupationoMalaya.ThedangeristhattheBritishEmpireisnowpoisedtore-colonizeandbringtoheelitsormercolony,whichhasbecomeanin-spiringrolemodelordowntroddendevelopingnations.Theneedoroodsel-suciencyandthethreattonationalsurvivalhasdrivenustondaastso-lutionorproducingemergencyoodorMa-laysia.WebelievethatourDeepTropicalagri-culturalsystem,whichhasblossomedonlyinthelastyearorso,ater20yearsoratherlonelyresearchandentrepre-neurship,canalsobead-optedimmediatelybythosedevelopingtropicalcountriesthathavesu-cientrainallorunder-groundwater,andlaterbytherestothetropicalnationsasnuclear-powereddesalinatedwatercomesonstream.MalaysiaisnowmakinggreatadvanceswithitsDeepTropi-calagriculturalsystemthat“doubleleaprogs”boththeback-yardarmingindevelopingcoun-triesandthegrazingsystemsinmoreadvancedtemperatecoun-tries.
2
ADeepTropicalintensivedairyarminMalaysia,basedongrassplantationandclimate-controlled-housedcows,whichstartedromscratchinSeptember2007,istodaysellingcommer-cialquantitiesotopqualitymilkandbyDecember2009willbewellontargettoproduce15,000litersomilkperday,roma150-hectaregrassplantationemploy-ingjust25sta.(Seeboxormile-stonesintheDeepTropicalsystem.)Thetimetocleartheland,es-tablishaplantation,buildamod-erndairy,andachieveull-scalemilkproductionrom1,200cowsisthereoreexpectedtobeonly27months.Theanticipat-edreturnoninvestmentis3-4years,betterthanmanymodernactories,andgovernmentcirclesandinvestorsaregettinginter-ested.Malaysia’srstlarge-scaleDeepTropicaldairyarmiswellontargettoproduce5.7millionlitersmilkperyearrom150hect-aresgrassplantation,or38,000litersperhectareperyear.Ateamo5managementstaand20workerswillrunthearm.Theproductivityperpersonisexpectedtobe625litersomilkperday,atremendousleapinproductivitycomparedtoback-yardarming.Forinstance,SouthAricanresearchershavere-ported,“Inmanysituationsthehouseholdhastomilkseveralcowstogetonlyaewlitersomilk.”Wearenowabletoreportthemilestonesandcurrentandtar-gettedperormanceothisDeepTropicaldairyarminMalaysia,andtheVernadsky-inspiredBio-spherethinkingbehindit,asanexemplarymodelorotherdevel-opingcountriestoconsider.
Comparison with New ZealandGrazing System
WhileMalaysiainontargetbytheendo2009toproduce38,000litersomilkperyearperhectareograssplantation(sup-plementedwithconcentrateeeding),NewZealandproducesonaverage8,880litersmilkperyearperhectareograzingland(albeitwithminimalconcentrateeeding).Thisleapinmilkpro-ductionorMalaysiademon-stratesaworldagriculturalbreak-
Ministry o Tourism, Malaysia
Bukit Malawati, a ormer British ort in Malaysia. The cannonstands as a reminder o British colonialism, which remains to-day in the orm o Malaysia’s vast plantations. These plantationlands will be perect or establishing Deep Tropical animal hus-bandry, sustained by ast-growing grass arms.
Courtesy o Mohd Peter Davis
Fast-growing grass is key to the Deep Tropical agriculture system.Here, co-author N. Yogendran(who is 6-eet tall) stands in 3-oot grass, which took only 38 days to grow on his Malaysian grass arm.Grass cut at this age is perect or eeding ruminants. The grass canbe cut 10 times per year or three years beore re-plowing and re-seeding.
Courtesy o Mohd Peter Davis
Goats rom an experimental herd on one o the Malay-sian grass arms eed on the arm’s ast-growing grass.
 
21st Century Science & Technology
Spring200939through.NewcomerMalaysia,withlittleexpertiseinmoderndairyarming,isproducingaroundourtimesmoremilkperhectarecomparedtoNewZealand,withits200yearsodairyskills.NewZealandoperatestheworld’smostecientgrazingsystemsandits3.5mil-lioncowssupply2percentotheworld’smilk,exporting95percentasmilk,butter,andcheese.Thistemperateregiongrazingsystemisalreadynearitspeakoperec-tion,andthereislittlemorelandoragri-culture.ProducingmoremilkinNewZealandtosatisyexportdemandmeansconvertinglongestablishedsheeparmstodairyarmsandsacricingprimelambproduction.Themuchmoreproductiveandprot-ableDeepTropicalanimalproductionsystemcanspreadast,butshouldnotbeseenasacommercialthreattoNewZea-land;instead,itisagoldenopportunity.Therate-limitingsteporthemassproduc-tionoruminantsinMalaysiaandIndone-siaisnotland,whichisplentiul,butthehigh-qualitybreedinganimalsthatNewZealandandAustraliacansupplyinverylargenumbers,surplustotheirownre-quirements.Theexportobreedingani-malswithtopgeneticswillprovideprot-ablenewmarketstosupplementNewZealandandAustralia’sestablishedex-portsomilk,meat,andwool.Thiscouldbeahappyunionbetweenormercolo-nialcountriestogreatlyboosthighqualityoodproductioninSoutheastAsia.
The Secret o Grass Plantations
TheDeepTropicalgrassplantationin-ventionpermitsthemassproductionore-allyyounggrassthatgrowssuperastto1meterhighin5weeks,butremainshighlynutritiousorruminantlivestock.Thisinvention,althoughstun-ninglysimple,hasprooundimplicationsorworldlivestockandcropproductionthroughouttheentiretropicalzone,romtheTropicoCancertotheTropicoCapricorn.
September-December 2007
Establishing Grass plantation
Landclearingoneglectedgrazinglandwithscattered10-yearoldtreesandbushes,plowing,ertilizing,andsowingwithanAricanspeciesograss.
December 2007-March 2008
Farm buildings and inrastructure
Buildingroads,ree-standingclimatebarnsorcows,50-balerotarymilkingsystem,milkstoragevats,eedstore,rainwatertank,andhousesorworkers.
 April-June 2008
Arrival and adaptation o 284 pregnant cows
Cowswereair-reightedromAustraliantemperateregionbreedingarms,adaptedtoullyenclosedMalaysianclimatebarns,andedreshlycutchoppedgrassromgrassplantationmixedwithconcentrates.Overoneyear,everyhec-tareograssplantation,cutevery35days,willeed8cows,each350kilograms.One-meterhighgrassisharvested10timesperyearoranexpected3years,be-orethegrassplantationisre-plowedandre-seeded.
 July-September 2008
First calving—5 percent pre-weaning losses
Septemberarrivalosecondbatcho300pregnantcowsromAustralia.September2008:FirstcommercialmilkproductionCowsmilkedtwiceperday,milkchilledto8degreesCin1minuteandto4degreesin60minutes,anddelivereddailytotheactoryorprocessing.Themilkachievestopinternationalstandardsormilksolids.
Scheduled January and May 2009
Arrival o third and ourth batch o 300-plus pregnant cows
Scheduled December 2009
Steady-state milk production rom 1,200-cow dairy
Milestones inMalaysia’s Deep Tropical System
Courtesy o N. Yogendran
The Deep Tropical grass arm maximizes plant use or eed, by harvest-ing ast-growing grass beore it becomes more fbrous and indigestible.The cut grass on the Deep Tropical planta-tion, shown here, will grow again and be ready or eeding cows inabout 35 days.

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