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@Chapter 7, Cable Testing Fundamental

@Chapter 7, Cable Testing Fundamental

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basis understanding cable testing
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11/13/2013

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7-1
 
Chapter 7Cable Testing Fundamentals
 
Contents
Testing Twisted Pair Cables
Wire Map Test
Wire Length Test
DC Resistance Test
 NEXT, ELFEXT, and Power Sum Test
Attenuation Test
Return Loss Test
Impedance Test
Delay and Skew Test
Capacitance Test
ACR and Power Sum ACR Test
Headroom Test
Testing and Troubleshooting 10Base-T Cabling
Testing and Troubleshooting Nexans Cabling System
Testing and Troubleshooting with a Block Connector System
Testing and Troubleshooting Coax Cabling
Testing and Troubleshooting Fiber Optics
 
Chapter 7Cable Testing Fundamentals
7-2
 
Testing Twisted Pair Cables
Twisted pair wiring systems (Figure 7-1) typically employ four pairs of insulatedconductors and connectors that allow you to operate different network types onthe same cable (Table 7-1). Both unshielded (UTP) and foil shielded (STP, FTP)cables are available.
JacketInsulationTinned Copper Strandedor Solid Conductor (4 Pairs)Copper Drain Wire(Shielded Cable only; STP) Aluminum-Polyester Shield(Foil Shielded Cable only; FTP)
 
The following diagram shows modular jack pin numbering and wiringpatterns for T568A, T568B, 10 Base-T, TP-PMD and USOC cablingtypes.
Figure 7-1: Twisted Pair Cables
 
Chapter 7Cable Testing Fundamentals
 
7-3
 
Table 7-1: Twisted Pair Cable Types and Associated Networks
Cable Type Network Examples
TIA Cat 3, 5e, 6 UTP or STP and 7 STP Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, ATM, and GigabitEthernetISO Class C, D, E and F UTP or STP Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, ATMTP-PMD / TP-DDI FDDI or ATM on Copper 10Base-T EthernetSingle Pair Telephone, Apple Local Talk, ISDNShielded Two-Pair (1,2,7,8) ATM, Fiber Channel on Copper 
Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)
Testing the continuity of the shield is important and requires shielded test leads at both the Display Handset and Remote Handset. When testing STP, be sure toselect Shielded Cable Type (STP) in the Cable Type menu.
Twists are maintained to within ½”as required per TIA Category 5e
 
insulation guidelinesScreened Category 5e Cable(ScTP)Metallic shield provides EMIprotection
Figure 7-2: Shield Continuity Test Connections Twisted Pair 
 USOC Wiring
If a USOC (Universal Service Ordering Code) or other wiring scheme is used, aspecial adapter may be required for connection. Refer to
 Appendix D, Model  Accessories
for a full list of available cable adapters.
Note: If your testing requirements include connection to something other than an RJ-45 or Tera style jack, refer to Testing with Block Adapters later in this chapter.

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