2) According to the media, some compromises between the US and China about their interests/benefits in the Asia-Pacific region as well as about some outstandinginternational issues were reached during the meeting between US President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping in June in California. The meeting between
the two countries’ defense ministers on August 19 is considered a follow
-up to realizethe above-mentioned agreements/compromises. What is your assessment?
ANSWER: Presidents Obama and Xi only had private informal discussions to map outareas of future cooperation. One positive outcome was their reaffirmation that theworking group on cyber would meet despite both sides holding widely differingviews. There was some agreement on climate change. Significantly both presidentsagreed to disagree over how to deal with North Korea, Taiwan and Japan over theSenkaku/Diaoyutai confrontation. And, of course, the presidential meeting resultedin forward movement on military-to-military cooperation.
3) Southeast Asia
s media predict that there will be an important turning point indisputes in the South China Sea after the meeting between the US and Chinesedefense ministers. Specifically, the US will make certain concessions to China in thedisputes and the Philippine
s’ lawsuit against China.
What is your assessment?
ANSWER: The South China Sea was an area of contention between President Obamaand President Xi. Xi defended Ch
ina’s historical rights and sovereignty claims. Obama
restated U.S. neutrality on the question of territorial sovereignty. Obama supportsthe early conclusion of a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea, Xi views U.S.involvement as outside interference.Obama, and subsequently his Vice President Joe Biden and other seniorAdministration officials voiced U.S. opposition to the use of intimidation, coercionand force to settle disputes. It is highly unlikely that President Obama would agree tointervene in t
he Philippines’ claim to the Arbitral Tribunal. That matter is underway.
U.S. officials, however, have counseled the Philippines to tone down their anti-Chinarhetoric. The U.S. backs the early conclusion of a Code of Conduct in the South ChinaSea.
4) What is your
assessment of the term “new type of great power relationship”
initiated and pioneered by the US and China? Will it mark the future trend of global politics?
ANSWER: President Xi first suggested
the term “new type of great power
tionship.” Xi proposed four major principles to
develop this new type of greatpower relations: (1) both sides should use existing inter-governmental mechanismsfor communication and dialogue; (2) both sides should utilize trade and exchangeson technology to open new channels of cooperation; (3) both sides shouldcoordinate their policies on major international issues; and (4) both sides shoulddevelop a new pattern of military relations. President Obama has not endorsed thisconcept.After the presidential meeting, China and the United States held their fifth Strategicand Economic Dialogue in July. Major progress was made on economic issues andclimate change. Both sides agreed to resume stalled negotiations on a bilateralinvestment agreement. On climate change, both sides agreed to prepare specific