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41765227Utopia's Revival.pdf

41765227Utopia's Revival.pdf

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Utopia's Revival
Utopia's Revival

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Utopia's RevivalAuthor(s): Manuel Orazi and Alta L. PriceSource:
Log,
No. 13/14, Aftershocks: Generation(s) since 1968 (Fall 2008), pp. 37-40Published by:
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Accessed: 16/08/2013 19:03
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This content downloaded from 178.18.23.185 on Fri, 16 Aug 2013 19:03:24 PMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions
 
ManuelOraziTranslatedromhe talianbyAlta. PriceUtopia'sRevivalYonariedman,onument,006.InstallationtMART,overeto,Italy. hoto ourtesyheauthor.ThebsencefUtopianrivesperhapslmosts seriouss anoverdoseft.-RemKoolhaasTherewerealreadyhree xhibitionshisyeardedicatedotheworkofYona Friedman:Tu ferais aville,"whichopenednFebruaryt theArc n RêveCentre 'ArchitectureinBordeaux(throughune);an exhibitiont thePortikusgallerynFrankfurtm Main(throughMay4);and"Megastructureeloaded:VisionaryrchitecturendUrbanDesignoftheSixtiesReflectedbyContemporaryrtists,"Septemberhroughovembert MODEMinBerlin,hanksto thesupportfEuropeanArtrojects.t isimportantonote hatnotonlyheseastthree howsbut lsoFriedman'smostecent oloshowshavemultipliedafterecades fabsolute ilenceinnstitutionsedicated ocontemporaryart: heCenter orContemporaryrtnKytakyushu,apan;FondazioneBevilacquaa MasainVenice;entroAndaluzdeArteContemporáneonSeville;MARTMuseodi ArteModernaContemporanea)nRovereto;Musée d'ArtContemporainnLyon;TheDrawingCentern NewYork;andfinallyheFondazioneAntonio attinComo,whichafterJosephosuth,MarinaAbramovic,immyurham,JoanJonas,nd othersinvited riedmans avisitingro-fessor hispastummer2008),aposthat ncluded heannualdirectorshipf tsprestigiousAdvanced oursenVisualArts."Butwhydoes thisrepechagef Yona Friedmanomethroughontemporaryrt,nd notthroughrchitecture?Intruth,manyrchitectsre rediscoveredyearsftern initialdismissalbyritics ndhistorians.LuigiMorettis anemblematicexample,utothers ometomind swell,uchasSuperstudio1withshowsnLondonn 2004 and NewYorkn2005)andArchizoom,2hoarebeingeevaluatedbecausetheyaveapartnthepersonal enealogiesf a fewwell-knowncontemporaryrchitectsnotonlyfolder,morefamousrchitects,ut lso ofyoungernes,uch sPierVittorio ureli.*riedman'sase s a little ifferent.Withhe nd ofthe"megastructure"eriodbroughtaboutnpartbythepublication,n1966,f twokeyextsorV1. eterangndWilliamenking,ds.,Superstudio:ifeithoutbjectsMilan:Skira,003).2.Andrearanži,o-Stopity:rchizoomAssociatiOrleans:ditionsYX,006).3.ier ittorioureli,herojectfAutonomy:oliticsnd rchitectureithinandgainstapitalismNework:Princetonrchitecturalress,008).Aurelispartnernherchitecturaldesignfficeogma.
This content downloaded from 178.18.23.185 on Fri, 16 Aug 2013 19:03:24 PMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions
 
contemporaryrchitecturalulture,obertenturisComplexitynd ContradictionnArchitecturend AldoRossi'sU architetturaellaittà TheArchitecturefheCity)Friedman ndhisworkwereeclipsedo thepointf almostdisappearing,ike omanythers,fterdisciplinaryutono-mygainedheupperhandustbeforehe"postmodern"period.Todayhere re thosewho havetried orereadFriedmanwithin heontext fthe1960sutopistswhomTafuridismissivelyalledl'Internazionaledell'utopia,"r"utopiannternational,"saparodyf theCommunistInternationalin a rathercursoryashion4 revenn amoredeeplynformed,ontextualizedmanner,5utulti-matelyriedmanowenjoysearlyniversalamen theartworld.Onemightskwhyts thattoday'srtworld s reeval-uatingriedmanndnototherrchitects.ndeed,ontem-poraryrteems o haveincreasinglyollowedtrajectorythat onsidersiewersustasimportants artistsndtheobjectsheyroducepaintings,culptures,tc.);conse-quently,heprocessfinvolvingheviewingublicbecomestherucialpoint.notherwords,heviewerbecomesnactorartist)ndviceversa.Friedman'sparticipationnDocumenta12002)in Kasselndn the2003nd2005YeniceBiennalesforvisualrts)6uponnvitationbyco-curatorsikeUteMetaBauer,CarlosBasualdo,7ndHans-Ulrichbrist8mustbeviewedfrom hisperspective.ThatFriedman'seuvrehasnevereen akennto onsider-ationn tstotalitys anothereasonor tsreturnotheforefront,lmostsifhewereanelderly mergingrtistwithslightlyadedpastrecordn architecture.et,Friedmanas neveronsideredimself nartist,t eastnotntheraditionallynderstoodense,venf t s truethathisvisionf artnowcoincideswithhe forementionedlineofthoughtemightallrelationalestheticsAproposfthis,searlys1978Friedmanwrote:I like othinkfartascommunication;saresult,seetherecipienttheviewer,thepersonwhoreceiveshevision)asmoreimportanthantheproducertheartist)."9Ultimately,uchstatementoesn'tontradictn theleastFriedman'sarlieresearchntoandlifelonguestfor)participationn architecture.articipationsnowanoutdatedsubject,utt hasnotentirelyisappeared.ean-Louisohenhasdemonstratedhatheopeningftheprojectotheusersorwhathecallspopulismhas beenconstantemptationfpostwarmodernism,10ithsupportersikeGiancarloeCarlo,BernardRudofsky,ndLucienKroll,mongthers.384.Exittopia:rchitecturalrovocations1956-1976,ds.artinan chaikndOtakaraceiMunich:restei,005).5.arryusbea,opologies:herbanUtopianrance1960-1970Cambridge:MITress,007).6.Trans,ote:s pposedohe eniceArchitectureiennale.7.emocracynrealized:ocumentall_Platforml,ds.kwuinwezor,t l.(Osterfilden-Ruit:atjeantz,002).Thisook,etailingheesultsfPlatforml,heirstf everalonfer-enceseldnonjunctionithDocumenta1,resentsextsyheoristsliketefanooeri,ichaelardt,ndAntonioegri,mongthers.8.ObristlacedriedmannheUtopiaStation"ectioneuratedithinhe2003iennale,irectedyrancescoBonami.eeognionflitti:adittaturadellopettatoreVenice:arsilio,00?);publishednnglishsDreamsndConflicts:heiewer'sictatorship.9.onariedman,'architectureesurvie:u 'inventeujourd'huiemondeedemainwithprefaceyMichelagon(Paris-Tournai:asterman,978).L'architecturee urvie:nephilosophieelaauverté,ev.d.Paris:ditionsel'éclat,003),93.ranslationourtesyVictoriaelwyn.10.ean-Louisohen,Promessestimpassesuopulisme,"ahiersearechercherchitecturaletrbaine5July2004):67-84.
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