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Table Of Contents

1.1 USE OF THIS DOCUMENT
1.2 OBJECTIVES
1.3 REGULATORY REVIEW
1.3.2 Site-Specific Risk Assessments
1.3.3 Hazardous Waste Combustor MACT Standards
1.4 RISK BURN NOMENCLATURE
RISK ASSESSMENT STACK EMISSION DATA NEEDS
2.1 DIOXINS AND FURANS
2.2 ORGANICS OTHER THAN DIOXINS AND FURANS
2.3.1 Human Health and Ecological Concerns for Specific Metals
2.3.2 Risk Characterization for Lead
3.1 RISK-BASED PERMITTING OVERVIEW
3.2 RISK BURN OBJECTIVES
3.2.1 Collection of Appropriate Emissions and Feed Characterization Information
3.2.2 Demonstration of Operating Modes
3.3 INTEGRATION OF RISK BURNS AND PERFORMANCE TESTING
3.3.1 Combined Testing
3.3.1.1 Emissions Evaluation
3.3.1.2 Waste Selection and Feed Parameters
3.3.1.3 Operating Parameters
3.3.2 Separate Testing
3.3.2.1 Testing at Normal Conditions
3.3.2.2 Defining and Verifying Normal Conditions
3.3.2.3 Separate Testing to Resolve a Conflict
3.4 RISK-BASED DATA COLLECTION, EXAMPLE LOGIC
3.5 TEST PLAN SUMMARY INFORMATION
DIOXIN AND FURAN EMISSIONS
4.1 DIOXIN AND FURAN FORMATION MECHANISMS
4.2 CONTROL PARAMETERS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR RISK BURNS
4.2.1 Post-Combustion Conditions
C rapid wet quench systems;
4.2.1.1 Rapid Wet Quench Systems
4.2.1.2 Partial Wet Quench Temperatures
4.2.1.3 Dry Particulate Hold-Up Temperatures
4.2.2 Combustion Conditions
4.2.2.1 Target Test Conditions
combustion parameters
4.2.2.2 Combustion Parameters
Section 4.2.2.3 Challenging Combustion Scenarios
4.2.2.3.1 Transient Conditions
4.2.2.3.2 Containerized or Batch Wastes
4.2.2.3.3High Carbon Monoxide
4.2.3 Feed Composition
4.2.3.1 Chlorine
4.2.3.2 Metal Catalysts
4.2.3.3 D/F Precursors
4.2.3.4 D/F Inhibitors
4.2.3.5 Dioxin-Containing Wastes
4.2.3.6 Other Factors
4.2.4 Hysteresis/Memory Effects
4.2.5 D/F Control Technologies
4.2.6 Control Parameter Summary
4.3 D/F EMISSIONS FROM INCINERATORS
4.4 D/F EMISSIONS FROM BOILERS
4.5 D/F EMISSIONS FROM CEMENT KILNS
4.6 D/F EMISSIONS FROM AGGREGATE KILNS
ORGANIC EMISSIONS OTHER THAN DIOXINS AND FURANS
5.1 STACK DETERMINATIONS FOR ORGANICS
5.1.1 Target Analyte Lists
5.1.2 Tentatively Identified Compounds
5.1.3 Simple Hydrocarbons
5.1.4 Total Organic Emissions
5.2.1 Combustion Conditions
5.2.2 Feed Composition
5.3 ORGANIC EMISSIONS FROM INCINERATORS AND BOILERS
METAL EMISSIONS
6.1 METAL VOLATILITY GROUPINGS
METAL VOLATILITY REGIMES
METAL VOLATILITY GROUPS
6.2 MACT CONTROL PARAMETERS FOR METALS
6.2.1 Volatile Metals (Mercury)
6.2.2 Semivolatile Metals
6.2.3 Low-Volatile Metals
MACT CONTROL PARAMETERS ASSOCIATED WITH METALS EMISSIONS
6.3 RISK-BASED LIMITATIONS
6.3.1 Regulated Metals
6.3.2 Other Toxic Metals
6.3.3 Acute Risks
6.3.4 Extrapolation
METALS EXTRAPOLATION
6.3.5 Surrogate SREs
6.4 METAL SPECIATION
6.4.1 Mercury
6.4.2 Chromium
7.1 HYDROGEN CHLORIDE AND CHLORINE
7.2 PARTICLE-SIZE DISTRIBUTION
7.2.1 Model Inputs
7.2.2 Test Conditions for Measuring Particle-Size Distribution
7.2.3 Alternatives When Site-Specific Measurements Are Not Available
7.2.3.1 Literature Estimates
7.2.3.2 APCD Vendor Estimates
7.2.3.3 Multiple Modeling Runs to Bound Potential Impacts
DATA ANALYSIS
8.1 DATA REDUCTION AND COPC SELECTION
8.1.1 Data Reporting and Treatment of Non-Detects
8.1.2 COPC Selection and Treatment of Non-Detects
8.2 EMISSION SCENARIOS TO BE EVALUATED FOR RISK
RISK-BASED PERMIT CONDITIONS
REFERENCES
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Environmental Protection Agency: burn-2

Environmental Protection Agency: burn-2

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Published by: Environmental Documents on Jan 26, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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