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Muslims Need Not Apply - Aclu Socal Report

Muslims Need Not Apply - Aclu Socal Report

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ACLU SoCal
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10/06/2013

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This report was written by Jennie Pasquarella o the ACLU o Southern Caliornia (“ACLU SoCal”).Interviews and research or this report were conducted by Mona Iman and Jennie Pasquarella o the ACLU SoCal.Editorial assistance was provided by Ahilan Arulanantham, Bardis Vakili, Mona Iman, and BelindaEscobosa Helzer o the ACLU SoCal, and Hamsa Murthy o Mayer Brown LLP.The report was designed by Robert Barnes o Barnes Design.Cover art is by Marcus Benigno o the ACLU SoCal and Robert Barnes o Barnes Design.The ACLU SoCal acknowledges with sincere thanks the Caliornia Community Foundation and the ACLUHuman Rights Project or their generous support o this project.The ollowing individuals made important contributions to this report: Paul Chavez o the Lawyers’Committee or Civil Rights o the San Francisco Bay Area (“LCCR”); Rena Chng and Marcia Maack o Mayer Brown LLP; Edward Wenger o Jones Day; Shakeel Syed o the Islamic Shura Council o SouthernCaliornia; ACLU SoCal law clerks Blair Bailey, Mia Crager, Jordan Cunnings, Miguel Gradilla, Kaley Lichtman, Tim Martin, Kate Mollison, and Marisol Ramirez; and LCCR law clerks Claire Fawcett,Brianna Evans, and Veronica Melendez. Immigration lawyers Stacy Tolchin, Kip Evan Steinberg,Nancy Hormachea, Helen A. Sklar, Valerie Curtis-Diop, Cheri Attix, Kate Evans, and Tin Thanh Nguyenprovided valuable inormation about their cases. The ACLU SoCal also thanks Karen Tumlin o theNational Immigration Law Center and Ameena Qazi o the Council on American Islamic Relations whoparticipated in the initial Freedom o Inormation Act request that uncovered some o the documentsupon which this report is based.
DEDICATION
This report is dedicated to the men and women whose lives and dreams have been orever alteredby the U.S. government’s discriminatory treatment, needless delay, and unwarranted denials o theirapplications or citizenship and other immigration benets. We are particularly indebted to the menand women who told us their stories and allowed us to share them in this report. It is only because o their courage to speak up that this report could be written. And it is only because o their resolve to seek change that the harms o CARRP can be undone, and airness and equality in the immigration processrestored.Published August 2013.
 
“Muslims Need Not Apply” i
ACLU SoCal • LCCR/SF BAY • MAYER BROWN
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
......................................................................i
iEXECUTIVE SUMMARY
....................................................................................
1
Findings .............................................................................................................................................2Recommendations ............................................................................................................................4
I. INTRODUCTION
...............................................................................................
7II. BACKGROUND
...............................................................................................
11
The Origins o CARRP .....................................................................................................................11Naturalization Procedure ...............................................................................................................12
III. CARRP: USCIS’S NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY
...........................................
15
How it Works: The Mechanics o CARRP .......................................................................................15Stage One: Identiying “National Security Concerns,”
Catching Far Too Many in the N 
et .......17Known or Suspected Terrorist (“KST”) ......................................................................................18Non-Known or Suspected Terrorist (“Non-KST”) ....................................................................22In-Between Stages: Deconfiction,
Ceding Authority Expressly Granted to D 
HS .......................28Stage Two: Eligibility Assessment and Internal Vetting,
Looking or a Reason to Deny 
.............31Stage Three: External Vetting,
Looking or More Reasons to Deny 
...............................................33Stage Four: Adjudication ................................................................................................................33 
 All Roads Lead to Denial 
............................................................................................................33
I the “National Security Concern” Remains, Ocers are Not  Authorized to Approve the Application
.....................................................................................34
Deportation is Encouraged 
 .........................................................................................................36
IV. THE IMPACT OF CARRP: DISCRIMINATION, DELAY, AND DENIAL
..............
39
Problem One: CARRP Disproportionately Impacts AMEMSA Immigrantsand Mislabels them “National Security Concerns......................................................................39The Terrorist Watch List and FBI Name Check ........................................................................39National Origin and Associational Criteria ..............................................................................40Equating Islam with Terrorism ..................................................................................................41Problem Two: CARRP Mandates Endless Delays in Violation o theImmigration and Naturalization Laws ..........................................................................................42Problem Three: CARRP Creates Secret Exclusions to Immigration BenetsNot Authorized by Law and Mandates Pretextual Denials ..........................................................44Secret Exclusions ........................................................................................................................45Pretextual Denials ......................................................................................................................45False Testimony ......................................................................................................................45Failure to Prosecute ..............................................................................................................50
V. CARRPe DIEM: PRACTICE POINTERS FOR IMMIGRATION LAWYERS
.........
53VI. CONCLUSION
.................................................................................................
59

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