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04-Engine Types and Classifications

04-Engine Types and Classifications

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Published by Ameen

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Published by: Ameen on Jun 07, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Engine Types andEngine Types andClassificationsClassifications
Engine Types and Classifications
Automobile engine can be classified according to:
Number of cylinders
Arrangement of cylinders
Arrangement of valve and valve trains
 Type of cooling
Number of stroke per cycle
 Types of fuel burn
Firing order
Reciprocating or rotary
Number and arrangement of cylinders
In a row
In two rows or bank set at an angle (V type)
 Three cylinder engines
 The engine has an overhead camshaft and produces 60horsepower (hp) [45 kW] at 5500 rpm.
 The camshaft is driven from the crankshaft by a toothedtiming belt
 The ignition distributor is driven directly from one end of thecamshaft
 The oil pump is on the front of the crankshaft
A V belt from the crankshaft drives the alternator and waterpump.
Four cylinder engine
Four cylinder engine can be arranged:
In a line
In a V shape (V type)
V –type engine has set of cylinders in two rows.
 The two rows are separated by an angle to each others.
 The angle could be 60 degrees or 90 degrees or 180degrees
In a line engine has set of cylinders are arranged in line.
 The valves in the cylinder head are operated throughvalve lifters, pushrods, and rocker arms. 

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