– Lodge Virtud raided in Portugal. Two men were executed; John Coustos was sentenced to thegalleys.1745 Council of Berne issued decree against Freemasonry. – The Associate Synod of Stirling considered the propriety of the Masonic oath; it gave the kirksessions power to act as they saw fit. – The town council of Geneva renewed its edict against the Craft which it had issued the preceding year.1746 John Coustos published his book reciting how he was tortured by the Inquisition.1748 Masonic lodge demolished in Constantinople. – Publication in Paris, by some theological professors of the Sorbonne,
Letter and Consultation on the Society of Free-masons.
It contended that Freemasonry was illegal and should becondemned.1750 By order of the Sacred Congregation there was burned in Rome, by the public executioner, a bookentitled
An Apology for the Institution of Freemasonry,
published originally in 1738, in Dublin, andreprinted in London in 1749.1751 Papal Bull issued by Pope Benedict XIV. – Legend that the Roman Catholic clergy were so active against Freemasonry at the Austrian courtthat the Empress and her ladies, disguised as men, visited a lodge to find out the facts. It ismore likely that her husband, a Freemason, convinced her of the nature of the Fraternity. – Jose Torrubia, a Franciscan monk, appointed as censor and revisor of the Inquisition in Spain. – Ferdinand VI, of Spain, issued a severe edict against the Craft. –
The Mason Unmasked,
an expose, published in France.1752 Jose Torrubia wrote a poem against Freemasonry; it was published in Madrid.1754 Publication of Alexander Slade’s,
The Free Mason Examined.
1755 Kirk session, in Scotland, ordered inquiry.1757 The Scotch Seceders adopted a resolution denouncing all persons who refused to reveal in the Kirksessions the Ma-sonic oath and to resign from the Order. – Law against Freemasonry enacted in Milan.1757 The Associate Brethren (of Scotland) issued a declaration against Freemasonry.1760 Publication of
The Door of Freemasonry Opened to all Men.
1762 Publication of
Jachin and Boaz,
in London.1764 The Archbishop of Manila ordered desecrated the local cathedral which had been used for a lodgemeeting.1766 Several Masons imprisoned by order of the governor of Madeira.1768 Anti-Masonic sermon delivered in London. The burgomaster of Danzig issued a decree against the Craft.1769 Publication of
The Free Mason Stripped Naked.
1775 Edict issued against Freemasonry in Italy.1776
organized by Adam Weishaupt. – The Inquisition arrested Masons in Portugal and imprisoned them for 14 months. – Major Francois D’Alincourt, a Frenchman, and Don Oyres de Ornellas Pracao, a Portugesenobleman, were sent to prison by the governor of Maderia for being Masons.1777 Weishaupt initiated in a Masonic lodge. This opened the door for blaming Freemasonry for his“Illuminati.”1779 Masons persecuted at Aix-la-Chapelle.1781 Ferdinand IV, of Naples, prohibited Freemasonry.1782 Law passed in Russia forbidding secret societies. It did not apply to Freemasonry, but thingshappened later on to cause Russia to suppress the Craft.1783 Publication of George Smith’s
The Use and Abuse of Free-masonry.
– Report of a trial in
The London Post
resulting from an assault because the defendant had struckanother for abusing the Masons.1784
declared illegal in Bavaria. – Publication of
Les Societes Secret,
by Deschamps, a Jesuit.1789 Arrest in Rome of the charlatan, Cagliostro on the charge of being a Freemason. – Lodge in Rome raided by the Inquisition.1791 Freemasonry suppressed in Russia.1792 Francis II, of Austria, at the Ratisbon Diet tried to have the German princes suppress Freemasonrybut did not succeed. 1793 Cardinal Vicar, of Spain, issued a decree of death against allFreemasons.1794 Catherine II, of Russia, changed her attitude towards Freemasonry.1797 Publication of John Robison,
Proof of a Conspiracy Against All Religions and Governments of Europe,Carried on in the Secret Meetings of the Freemasons, Illuminati and Reading Societies.
– Publication of Abbe A. Barruel,
Memoires pour Servic a l’Histoire du Jacobinisme.
– Statute enacted in England condemning certain societies in general terms. Freemasonry was notmentioned by name but the language was broad enough to be so construed by some