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Cronología de la antimasonería

Cronología de la antimasonería

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Chronology of Anti-Masonry298 Martyrdom of the Four Crowned Martyrs.1305 Henry IV forbade workmen to hold meetings outside guild limits.1314 Jacques DeMolay executed.1326 Issuance of the Statute of Excommunications at Avignon. The Masons were included in the ban.1349 Statute of Labourers enacted by Edward III forbidding work-men to organize to secure better wages. The statute fixed their wages; Freemasons were to receive not more than 4d a day. 1361 Edward IIIdeclared “null and void all alliances and combines of Masons and carpenters.”1390 Richard II demanded that all companies exhibit their charters. It is sometimes contended that thislaw brought about the preservation of the Old Charges.1402 Law passed requiring Masons to hire out by the day only. 1425 Henry VI ordained that “Masonsshall not Confederate in Chapters or Congregations.”1561 The legend of Queen Elizabeth sending armed force to investigate the Masons and received such agood report that she did not disturb them again.1655 The Compagnonnage condemned in France by the Faculty of Theology in Paris.1678 Attack on Freemasonry in England.1686 Publication of Dr. Plot’s book
The Natural History of Staffordshire 
in which he made derogatorystatements about Free-masonry.1698 Publication of leaflet in London against Freemasonry.1710 A merchant of Cette was tried before the Inquisition at Vallodolid for being a Freemason.1722
The London Journal,
February issue, announced there was a rumor that a treatise was to appearsoon showing that the gypsies were older than Freemasonry.1723 Publication of 
A Mason’s Examination.
 – The
Evening Post 
of London announced the publication of a pocket booklet for the use of Masoniclodges entitled
The Praise of Drunkenness.
Advertisement appeared in the
Daily Post 
of London announcing the issuance of the second edition of 
The Freemason,
a poemsupposedly being a history of the Craft and exposing its laws and secrets.1724 The Gormogons came to public attention. Publication of “Letter from the Grand Mistress of theFemale Freemasons to Mr. Harding the Printer.” This pretended expose of the ritual is sometimesattributed to Dean Swift. Publication of an expose under the title
The Grand Mysteries of Freemasons Discovered.
1726 Debate for and against the Fraternity published.1730 Publication of 
Masonry Dissected,
by Samuel Prichard. Benjamin Franklin published anuncomplimentary item about the Craft in his paper; this was before he was a Mason. Publication of 
The Perjured Free Mason Detected,
being an answer to Prichard’s book.1732 The Chamber of Police of the Chalet, in Paris, on December 14, prohibited Masons from assemblingand imposed other prohibitions.1735 Incident in Holland causing investigation of lodge and claimed joining of town officials because of good report. Publication of Martin Clare,
A Defence of Masonry,
which was a reply to Prichard’sbook.1736 Frederick I, King of Sweden, forbade Freemasons from meeting under penalty of death.1737 The Philadelphia incident of a mock initiation which resulted in the death of a young man. – Masonic assemblies abolished in France. – Inquisition closed English lodge meeting in Rome.1738 Papal Bull against Freemasonry issued by Pope Clement XII. It was the first official denouncement of the Craft by this church. – Hogarth’s picture “Night” published. – Charles VI issued an edict prohibiting Masonry in the Nether-lands.1739 King Frederick Augustus III, of Poland, prohibited the meeting of Masons. – Money voted by the Grand Lodge of England for the relief of Thomas Crudeli, a prisoner of theInquisition in Florence.1740 The Papal Bull of Clement XII was ordered published in Malta. – Decree against Freemasonry issued in Spain by King Philip. The Inquisition discovered a lodgeand eight of its members were condemned to the galleys.1741 Organization of the
Scald Miserables.
1742 Lodge established in Vienna. Cardinal Migazzi attacked it. Papal Bull promulgated in Marseilles.1743 Horace Walpole said in a letter: “The Freemasons are in low repute now in England, that one hasscarce heard the proceedings at Vienna against them mentioned. I believe nothing but apersecution could bring them into vogue here again. You know, as great as our follies are, we evengrow tired of them, and are always changing.” – Lodge closed by military force in Austria. Eighteen men were imprisoned but were released aweek later.
 
 – Lodge Virtud raided in Portugal. Two men were executed; John Coustos was sentenced to thegalleys.1745 Council of Berne issued decree against Freemasonry. – The Associate Synod of Stirling considered the propriety of the Masonic oath; it gave the kirksessions power to act as they saw fit. – The town council of Geneva renewed its edict against the Craft which it had issued the preceding year.1746 John Coustos published his book reciting how he was tortured by the Inquisition.1748 Masonic lodge demolished in Constantinople. – Publication in Paris, by some theological professors of the Sorbonne,
Letter and Consultation on the Society of Free-masons.
It contended that Freemasonry was illegal and should becondemned.1750 By order of the Sacred Congregation there was burned in Rome, by the public executioner, a bookentitled
An Apology for the Institution of Freemasonry,
published originally in 1738, in Dublin, andreprinted in London in 1749.1751 Papal Bull issued by Pope Benedict XIV. – Legend that the Roman Catholic clergy were so active against Freemasonry at the Austrian courtthat the Empress and her ladies, disguised as men, visited a lodge to find out the facts. It ismore likely that her husband, a Freemason, convinced her of the nature of the Fraternity. – Jose Torrubia, a Franciscan monk, appointed as censor and revisor of the Inquisition in Spain. – Ferdinand VI, of Spain, issued a severe edict against the Craft. – 
The Mason Unmasked,
an expose, published in France.1752 Jose Torrubia wrote a poem against Freemasonry; it was published in Madrid.1754 Publication of Alexander Slade’s,
The Free Mason Examined.
1755 Kirk session, in Scotland, ordered inquiry.1757 The Scotch Seceders adopted a resolution denouncing all persons who refused to reveal in the Kirksessions the Ma-sonic oath and to resign from the Order. – Law against Freemasonry enacted in Milan.1757 The Associate Brethren (of Scotland) issued a declaration against Freemasonry.1760 Publication of 
The Door of Freemasonry Opened to all Men.
1762 Publication of 
Jachin and Boaz,
in London.1764 The Archbishop of Manila ordered desecrated the local cathedral which had been used for a lodgemeeting.1766 Several Masons imprisoned by order of the governor of Madeira.1768 Anti-Masonic sermon delivered in London. The burgomaster of Danzig issued a decree against the Craft.1769 Publication of 
The Free Mason Stripped Naked.
 1775 Edict issued against Freemasonry in Italy.1776
The Illuminati 
organized by Adam Weishaupt. – The Inquisition arrested Masons in Portugal and imprisoned them for 14 months. – Major Francois D’Alincourt, a Frenchman, and Don Oyres de Ornellas Pracao, a Portugesenobleman, were sent to prison by the governor of Maderia for being Masons.1777 Weishaupt initiated in a Masonic lodge. This opened the door for blaming Freemasonry for his“Illuminati.”1779 Masons persecuted at Aix-la-Chapelle.1781 Ferdinand IV, of Naples, prohibited Freemasonry.1782 Law passed in Russia forbidding secret societies. It did not apply to Freemasonry, but thingshappened later on to cause Russia to suppress the Craft.1783 Publication of George Smith’s
The Use and Abuse of Free-masonry.
 – Report of a trial in
The London Post 
resulting from an assault because the defendant had struckanother for abusing the Masons.1784
The Illuminati 
declared illegal in Bavaria. – Publication of 
Les Societes Secret,
by Deschamps, a Jesuit.1789 Arrest in Rome of the charlatan, Cagliostro on the charge of being a Freemason. – Lodge in Rome raided by the Inquisition.1791 Freemasonry suppressed in Russia.1792 Francis II, of Austria, at the Ratisbon Diet tried to have the German princes suppress Freemasonrybut did not succeed. 1793 Cardinal Vicar, of Spain, issued a decree of death against allFreemasons.1794 Catherine II, of Russia, changed her attitude towards Freemasonry.1797 Publication of John Robison,
Proof of a Conspiracy Against All Religions and Governments of Europe,Carried on in the Secret Meetings of the Freemasons, Illuminati and Reading Societies.
 – Publication of Abbe A. Barruel,
Memoires pour Servic a l’Histoire du Jacobinisme.
 – Statute enacted in England condemning certain societies in general terms. Freemasonry was notmentioned by name but the language was broad enough to be so construed by some
 
persons.1798 Woman burned Tryon’s Palace in Virginia; Masons blamed. President Adams declared day of fasting. Jedidiah Morse de-livered a speech on the evils of 
The Illuminati;
others later caused this to beprinted in pamphlet form and it was construed by some to include the Masons.1799 Unlawful Societies Act passed in England. Freemasonry was specifically exempted.1802 A brother who had been disciplined by the Bolton Lodge wrote a letter to the lodge that he “was gladhe was cleared of the Lodge, and should mend his old breeches with his apron.” – Rule adopted in Austria that all public officers upon taking office had to take an oath that theywere not Masons.1803 Gustavus IV, King of Sweden, issued an edict requiring all secret societies to disclose their object.Freemasonry was excluded. He had been made a Mason in 1793.1808 New York Baptist Association ruled that its members could not belong to lodges.1809 The Society of Friends (Quakers) at the New England annualmeeting, warned its members not to join secret societies.1810 Thirty Masons from Portugal exiled to the Azores. – The Archbishop of Baltimore met with other church officials and issued some rules; rule 10stated: “Freemasons cannot be admitted to the sacraments.”1811 Member of Bethel Baptist Church in Missouri expelled because he joined a Masonic lodge. This isthe first known instance of anti-Masonic sentiment west of the Mississippi. – Joseph Hippolyte da Costa published
Narrative of Persecution in Lisbon, by the Inquisition, for the Pretended Crime of Freemasonry.
1814 Cardinals Consalvi and Pacca, on August 15, issued an edict against Freemasonry and theCarbonari. The papal troops enforced the decree. – Ferdinand VII, on May 4, abolished the constitution of Spain, re-established the Inquisition, anddeclared Freemasons guilty of treason.1815 When Metternich became the leading politician of Europe he made the elimination of Freemasonryone of his chief aims.1817 Second Act passed in England known as the Unlawful Societies Act. – The tribunal at Madrid sentenced Albert Leclerc to prison for being a Mason.1818 The Papal government issued an opinion in the trial of the conspirators of Maceratta that all secretsocieties in Italy were derived from Freemasonry.1819 John G. Stearns, a student, was told not to become a Mason. He later became a Baptist minister. Hemade this statement in a book he wrote in 1826.1821 Pope Pius VII issued Papal Bull against Freemasonry. – The Presbyterian Church, Pittsburgh Synod, condemned Masonry as unfit for Christians.1823 The General Methodist Conference prohibited its clergy in Pennsylvania from becoming Masons. – Unlawful Oaths Act enacted in Ireland. Freemasonry was not exempted and the grand lodgedirected all lodges to cease work. Ten months later it was officially announced that the lawwas not intended to include Masonic lodge and work was resumed. – King John VI, of Portugal, issued a decree against Masonry.1824 Dr. Nathaniel Ives, of Wellington, Vermont, was expelled from a Masonic lodge for seducing the wifeof a neighbor. Later he became a leader in the anti-Masonic movement of the state. – King Ferdinand, of Spain, on August 1, issued a new edict which required all Masons to renouncetheir membership within 30 days and to surrender the official papers.1825 Pope Leo XII issued Bull against Freemasonry. – Publication of Richard Carlisle’s
The Manual of Freemasonry.
1826 William Morgan disappeared, on September 12, at Batavia, New York. – Mason executed, on February 23, in Spain.1827 Publication of Solomon Southwich,
A Solemn Warning Against Freemasonry Addressed to the Young Men of the United States.
 – Publication of Reuben Sandborn,
Freemasonry, a Covenant With Death.
 – Publication of Henry Dana Ward,
Freemasonry: Its Pretensions Exposed in Faithful Extracts of Its Faithful Authors.
Publication of David Barnard,
Light on Masonry.
1830 Anti-Masonic Convention met in Philadelphia; it had had a specific Anti-Masonic statement in itsplatform. – The
New England Anti-Masonic Almanac 
was published. – Publication of James G. Odiorne,
Anti-Masonic Documents.
1831 Henry Gassett distributed books to libraries. In 1852 he published a catalog of these books anddistributed it to various libraries. – Thaddeus Stevens spoke at an anti-Masonic meeting in Hagerstown, Maryland. – Two letters of Richard Rush published in Utica, New York. – Publication of 
Echoes of the Past,
extracts of an address given at Albany, New York. – Second Anti-Masonic Convention held.1832 Publication of William L. Stone,
Letters on Masonry and Anti-Masonry, Addressed to the Hon. John Quincy Adams.
At the election the Anti-Masonic Party carried only Vermont.

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