When a ship reaches Alang at the end of its sailing life as it is no longerprofitable, its classification certificate- the 4-year special survey-expires, and itis no longer able to meet safety requirements, it as a rule offered to brokers inHamburg (Germany), London or New York, who pass on to the business to India.One kind of business for the broker in Alang consists of attaining good price andanother lies in converting payments in the form of a non-convertible Indiancurrency into prices in US dollars. The dollar price per tonne of unladen weightsometimes reaches $ 170.The main purpose of dismantling ships is to recover the steel. 95 percent of themass of a defunct ocean- going ship consists of high quality steel. Remaining 5percent is made up of non-ferrous metal components, paints and coatings,insulation and sealing materials, electric cabling, cabin walls, decorativematerials, floor covering etc. These materials are firmly installed on the ship oreven inseparably bonded to the valuable iron, and need to be stripped,disposed of or at least taken into consideration in the process of breaking theship.
SHIPS FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES ARRIVE AT ALANG
Numerous consumer items taken from the ships are sold in the shops that thriveon this trade along the access road to the scrapping area. Items sold arefurniture, crockery, washing machine, electronic gadgets, canoes, diesel engine,generator, motor, iron plates, valuable fittings, the asbestos-containingdecorative tiling, panels and insulating materials. As Alang is a rural region sothere is greater demand for consumer items sold by ship breakers' shop. Itemsare much cheaper than the market and there is much rush of buyers. Thosebuying consumer items do not think for while that behind the items purchased bythem there are thousands of human wailing's. As remarked by largest circulatedGerman magazine in its photo feature caption - ' On the altar of the Alang shipbreaking yard everyday human lives are sacrificed'