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nguồn gốc mã lai của dân tộc việt nam

nguồn gốc mã lai của dân tộc việt nam

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Published by tranbinhkb
Website van hoa dan gian Viet Nam: www.maudantoc.com
Website van hoa dan gian Viet Nam: www.maudantoc.com

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Published by: tranbinhkb on Jun 07, 2009
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05/11/2014

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B\u00ecnh Nguy\u00ean L\u1ed9c
Ngu\u1ed3n g\u1ed1c M\u00e3 Lai c\u1ee7a d\u00e2n t\u1ed9c Vi\u1ec7t Nam
(V\u1edbi h\u01a1n hai tr\u0103m bi\u1ec3u \u0111\u1ed1i chi\u1ebfu s\u01a1 v\u1ec1 ng\u00f4n ng\u1eef Vi\u1ec7t-M\u00e3 v\u00e0 nhi\u1ec1u kh\u00e1m ph\u00e1 m\u1edbi l\u1ea1 v\u1ec1
th\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ed5 5000 n\u0103m c\u1ee7a d\u00e2n t\u1ed9c Vi\u1ec7t Nam)
1/35

Kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 n\u1ec1n v\u0103n h\u00f3a n\u00e0o t\u1ef1 th\u1eb9n, c\u0169ng kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 n\u1ec1n v\u0103n h\u00f3a n\u00e0o \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e9p khinh b\u1ec9 c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n v\u0103n h\u00f3a kh\u00e1c. C\u0169ng nh\u01b0 c\u00e1c sinh v\u1eadt, c\u00e1c nh\u00f3m d\u00e2n t\u1ed9c \u0111\u00e3 tr\u1ea3i qua nhi\u1ec1u giai \u0111o\u1ea1n ti\u1ebfn tri\u1ec3n y h\u1ec7t nh\u01b0 nhau. \u0110\u00f4i khi ch\u1ec9 nh\u1edd nh\u1eefng nguy\u00ean nh\u01a1n \u0111\u1ecba ph\u01b0\u01a1ng v\u00e0 ng\u1eabu nhi\u00ean n\u00f3 gi\u00fap v\u00e0i d\u00e2n t\u1ed9c tr\u1ed9i h\u1eb3n c\u00e1c d\u00e2n t\u1ed9c kh\u00e1c. Nh\u01b0ng lu\u00f4n lu\u00f4n, \u1edf t\u1ef7 \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1ecbch s\u1eed, nh\u1eefng th\u00e0nh t\u00edch \u1ea5y, l\u1edbn hay nh\u1ecf, d\u00e0i hay ng\u1eafn h\u1ea1n, kh\u00f4ng bao gi\u1edd \u1ed5n c\u1ed1, v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng n\u1ec1n v\u0103n minh t\u00e0n l\u1ee5i, kh\u00f4ng c\u00f2n l\u00e0m sao m\u00e0 \u0111\u1ebfm cho xi\u1ebft n\u1eefa.

V\u1eady, ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta \u0111i \u0111\u1ebfn c\u00e1i quan ni\u1ec7m l\u00e0 c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng c\u0103n b\u1ea3n n\u00e0o ban \u0111\u1ea7u, chung
cho c\u1ea3 nh\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i, \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 c\u00e1i th\u1ef1c th\u1ec3 h\u1ea1 t\u1ea7ng c\u1ee7a nh\u1eefng ch\u00eanh l\u1ec7ch ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c kh\u00e1c.
\u1ede \u0111\u00e2y, c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 \u1edf c\u00e1c v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 kh\u00e1c, t\u1ef1 ty ho\u1eb7c t\u1ef1 t\u00f4n m\u1eb7c c\u1ea3m \u0111\u1ec1u kh\u00f4ng ch\u00ednh \u0111\u00e1ng.
B\u00e1c s\u0129 P. HUARD
Gi\u00e1o s\u01b0 Y khoa H\u00e0 N\u1ed9i (Ti\u1ec1n chi\u1ebfn)
(Les chemins du ralsonnement et de la logique en E.O.)
Nguy\u00ean v\u0103n:

Aucune culture ne doit avoir honte d\u2019elle-m\u00e9me, pas plus qu\u2019elle ne saurait m\u00e9priser les
autres. Comme les \u00eatres vivants, les groupes ethniques ont pass\u00e9 par les m\u00e9mes phases de
d\u00e9veloppement. Souveni, ce sont des causes locales et fortuites qui ont permis \u00e0 certains
de d\u00e9passer franchement les autres. Presque toujours, \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle historique, cette
performance, plus ou moins r\u00e9ussie, ou plus on moins longue, ne s\u2019est jamais
definitivement stabilis\u00e9e et on ne compte plus les civilisations mortes.

On arive donc \u00e0 la notion d\u2019une certaine \u00e9galit\u00e9 de base, commune \u00e0 tous les hommes,
substrat sous-jacent \u00e0 une foule d\u2019in\u00e9galites.
Le complexe d\u2019inf\u00e9riorit\u00e9, ici comme ailleurs, n\u2019est done pas plus justifi\u00e9 que le
complexe de sup\u00e9riorit\u00e9.
*
Ng\u1eef v\u1ef1ng ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a s\u00e1ch n\u00e0y

V\u1ec1 v\u00e0i danh t\u1eeb, m\u1ed7i s\u00e1ch m\u1ed7i d\u00f9ng kh\u00e1c nhau, n\u00ean ch\u00fang t\u00f4i xin tr\u00ecnh ra nh\u1eefng danh t\u1eeb
c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang t\u00f4i v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1i chi\u1ebfu v\u1edbi danh t\u1eeb Ph\u00e1p, Anh, M\u1ef9, \u0110\u1ee9c n\u1ebfu c\u1ea7n, \u0111\u1ec3 kh\u1ecfi g\u00e2y ng\u1ed9
nh\u1eadn.

\u1ea4n h\u1ecdc: Hindianisme
Trung Hoa h\u1ecdc: Sinologie
Ch\u1ee7ng t\u1ed9c h\u1ecdc: Anthropologie physique v\u00e0 Raciologie (thay cho danh t\u1eeb Nh\u00e2n ch\u1ee7ng h\u1ecdc
d\u00f9ng h\u1ed3i ti\u1ec1n chi\u1ebfn).
D\u00e2n t\u1ed9c: Ethnologie, Ethnographie, Social anthropology, Cultural anthropology \u2013
Volkskunde (thay cho danh t\u1eeb Nh\u00e2n ch\u1ee7ng h\u1ecdc ti\u1ec1n chi\u1ebfn).
Nh\u01a1n th\u1ec3 t\u00ednh: Caract\u00e8res anthropologiques
Th\u1ecb t\u1ed9c: Clan

B\u1ed9 l\u1ea1c: Tribu

Ch\u1ec9 s\u1ed1 s\u1ecd: Indice cr\u00e2nien
Dung l\u01b0\u1ee3ng s\u1ecd: Capacit\u00e9 cr\u00e2nienne
Gi\u1ea3 thi\u1ebft: Conjecture
Gi\u1ea3 thuy\u1ebft: Hypoth\u00e8se
T.K.: Tr\u01b0\u1edbc Kit\u00f4 k\u1ef7 nguy\u00ean
S.K.: Sau Kit\u00f4 k\u1ef7 nguy\u00ean.

*Ngu\u1ed3n g\u1ed1c M\u00e3 Lai c\u1ee7a d\u00e2n t\u1ed9c Vi\u1ec7t Nam
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng I
Ba cu\u1ed9c sa l\u1ea7y tinh th\u1ea7n khoa h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 ba ch\u1ee9ng t\u00edch ch\u1ee7 l\u1ef1c
C\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh kh\u1ea3o c\u1ee9u v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ecba ch\u1ea5t v\u00e0 ti\u1ec1n s\u1eed \u1edf Vi\u1ec7t Nam \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 khoa h\u1ecdc \u00c2u M\u1ef9
l\u00e0m xong.

V\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ecba ch\u1ea5t, nh\u1eefng c\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh \u1ea5y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ba nh\u00e0 tr\u00ed th\u1ee9c Vi\u1ec7t Nam l\u00e0 qu\u00fd v\u1ecb Tr\u1ea7n Kim
Th\u1ea1ch, L\u00ea Quang S\u00e1ng v\u00e0 L\u00ea Th\u1ecb \u0110\u00ednh r\u00fat t\u1ec9a \u0111\u1ea1i c\u01b0\u01a1ng \u0111\u1ec3 so\u1ea1n th\u00e0nh m\u1ed9t quy\u1ec3n s\u00e1ch
m\u00e0 ch\u1eafc kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 quy\u1ec3n n\u00e0o kh\u00e1c n\u1eefa thay cho, tuy qu\u00e1 s\u01a1 l\u01b0\u1ee3c, v\u00e0 c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u \u0111i\u1ec3m kh\u00f4ng
\u0111\u00fang l\u1eafm, nh\u01b0ng v\u1eabn gi\u00fap ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u1ecdc c\u00f3 \u00fd ni\u1ec7m t\u1ed5ng qu\u00e1t v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ea1i kh\u00e1i v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ea5t \u0111ai c\u1ee7a n\u01b0\u1edbc
Vi\u1ec7t Nam t\u1eeb th\u1eddi H\u1ed3ng hoang \u0111\u1ebfn ng\u00e0y nay.

\u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0 quy\u1ec3n L\u1ecbch s\u1eed th\u00e0nh l\u1eadp \u0111\u1ea5t Vi\u1ec7t, ph\u00e1t h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ea7u n\u0103m 1971. \u0110\u1ecdc quy\u1ec3n s\u00e1ch \u1ea5y, ta
th\u1ea5y \u0111\u1ea5t n\u01b0\u1edbc c\u1ed5 h\u00e0ng t\u1ef7 n\u0103m. \u0110\u1ea5t th\u00ec \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u1ebft \u0111\u00edch x\u00e1c, c\u00f2n ng\u01b0\u1eddi?

L\u00f2ng \u0111\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a ta x\u01b0a \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u1ebft r\u00f5. Ng\u01b0\u1eddi x\u01b0a c\u0169ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u1ebft r\u00f5 kh\u00f4ng k\u00e9m, nh\u01b0ng
ngu\u1ed3n g\u1ed1c c\u1ee7a t\u1ed5 ti\u00ean ta th\u00ec l\u1ea1i ch\u01b0a th\u1ec3 bi\u1ebft \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c, v\u00ec t\u1ed5 ti\u00ean ta \u1edf n\u01a1i kh\u00e1c m\u00e0 \u0111\u1ebfn (m\u00e0 t\u1ed5
ti\u00ean c\u1ee7a d\u00e2n t\u1ed9c n\u00e0o hi\u1ec7n nay c\u0169ng th\u1ebf c\u1ea3). H\u01a1n th\u1ebf, ch\u01b0a t\u1eebng c\u00f3 nh\u00e0 b\u00e1c h\u1ecdc n\u00e0o r\u00e1p n\u1ed1i
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nh\u1eefng c\u00e1i s\u1ecd c\u1ed5 v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3 v\u1eadt c\u1ed5 v\u1edbi s\u1ecd c\u1ee7a ta v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3 v\u1eadt c\u1ee7a ta, \u0111\u1ec3 ch\u1ec9 ng\u01b0\u1eddi c\u1ed5 n\u00e0o l\u00e0 t\u1ed5

ti\u00ean c\u1ee7a ta v\u00ec trong l\u00f2ng \u0111\u1ea5t c\u00f3 h\u00e0ng ch\u1ee5c th\u1ee9 ng\u01b0\u1eddi c\u1ed5 kh\u00e1c nhau.
Mu\u1ed1n bi\u1ebft t\u1ed5 ti\u00ean ta l\u00e0 ai th\u00ec ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p \u0111\u1ed9c nh\u1ee9t m\u00e0 khoa h\u1ecdc nh\u00ecn nh\u1eadn, \u0111\u00f3
l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1i chi\u1ebfu c\u00e1c th\u1ee9 s\u1ecd ng\u01b0\u1eddi c\u1ed5 v\u00e0 s\u1ecd c\u1ee7a ta hi\u1ec7n nay.

\u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0 c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c c\u1ee7a s\u1eed gia ch\u1edb kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i c\u1ee7a nh\u00e0 kh\u1ea3o ti\u1ec1n s\u1eed, n\u00ean c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c kh\u1ea3o ti\u1ec1n s\u1eed \u0111\u00e3 xong, nh\u01b0ng c\u0169ng ch\u01b0a ai bi\u1ebft g\u00ec h\u1ebft, v\u00ec kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 s\u1eed gia n\u00e0o l\u00e0m c\u00e1i c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u1ed1i chi\u1ebfu \u0111\u00f3, b\u1edfi ph\u1ea3i bi\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p \u0111\u1ed9c nh\u1ee9t r\u1ed3i c\u00f2n ph\u1ea3i \u0111o s\u1ecd c\u1ee7a ta ng\u00e0y nay n\u1eefa, hai y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 c\u0103n b\u1ea3n \u1ea5y, kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1c s\u1eed gia k\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ebfn.

S\u00e1ch n\u00e0y c\u00f3 tham v\u1ecdng l\u00e0 s\u00e1ch chuy\u00ean m\u00f4n, nh\u01b0ng ch\u00fang t\u00f4i l\u1ea1i l\u00e0m m\u1ed9t c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c tr\u00e1i

l\u1ebd l\u00e0 ph\u1ed5 th\u00f4ng v\u00e0i \u0111i\u1ec3m v\u1ec1 khoa ch\u1ee7ng t\u1ed9c h\u1ecdc (Raciologie \u2013 Anthropologie physique).
A. Ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 c\u00e1i s\u1ecd m\u1edbi gi\u00fap ta ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t ch\u1ee7ng n\u00e0y v\u1edbi ch\u1ee7ng kh\u00e1c.
B. C\u00e1i s\u1ecd c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c ch\u1ee7ng, qua 7, 8 ng\u00e0n n\u0103m kh\u00f4ng h\u1ec1 thay \u0111\u1ed5i.
C. N\u1ebfu c\u00f3 lai v\u1edbi ch\u1ee7ng kh\u00e1c, m\u00e0 lai m\u1ed9t l\u1ea7n hay c\u1ee9 lai \u0111i lai l\u1ea1i m\u00e3i, khoa ch\u1ee7ng t\u1ed9c h\u1ecdc

c\u0169ng bi\u1ebft \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c v\u00ec hai y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 ch\u1ee7ng t\u1ed9c c\u1ee9 t\u1ed3n t\u1ea1i m\u00e3i trong nh\u1eefng c\u00e1i s\u1ecd \u1ea5y.
Trong khi \u0111\u00f3 th\u00ec d\u01b0\u1edbi l\u00f2ng \u0111\u1ea5t ta c\u00f3 7, 8 lo\u1ea1i s\u1ecd c\u1ed5 kh\u00e1c ch\u1ee7ng v\u1edbi nhau, m\u00e0 s\u1eed gia l\u1ea1i
kh\u00f4ng \u0111o s\u1ecd \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ed1i chi\u1ebfu th\u00ec l\u00e0m th\u1ebf n\u00e0o \u0111\u1ec3 bi\u1ebft t\u1ed5 ti\u00ean ta l\u00e0 ai v\u00e0o th\u1eddi th\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ed5?

C\u1ea3 c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 b\u00e1c h\u1ecdc \u00c2u M\u1ef9 l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c cho ta h\u1ed3i ti\u1ec1n chi\u1ebfn, c\u0169ng \u0111\u00e3 qu\u00ean m\u1ea5t ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p \u0111\u00f3, tr\u1eeb m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u1ed9c nh\u1ee9t l\u00e0 \u00f4ng Madrolle, nh\u01b0ng \u00f4ng \u1ea5y ch\u1ec9 m\u1edbi \u0111o b\u1ec1 cao, r\u1ed3i k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn ngay, m\u00e0 ch\u01b0a k\u1ecbp \u0111o s\u1ecd, hay t\u01b0\u1edfng r\u1eb1ng kh\u00f4ng c\u1ea7n \u0111o s\u1ecd th\u00ec ta kh\u00f4ng r\u00f5 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c.

Ta \u0111\u00e3 ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c c\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh c\u1ee7a \u00c2u M\u1ef9 \u0111ang l\u00e0m d\u1edf dang, c\u1ea3 B\u1eafc l\u1eabn Nam \u0111\u1ec1u c\u00f3 ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c, nh\u01b0ng ta v\u1eabn b\u1ea5t k\u1ec3 c\u00e1i c\u0103n b\u1ea3n khoa h\u1ecdc \u0111\u00f3, t\u1ee9c l\u00e0 ta \u0111\u00e3 \u0111i t\u00ecm gi\u1edd Ng\u1ecd h\u1ed3i 14 gi\u1edd (n\u00f3i theo Ph\u00e1p).

Vi\u1ebft th\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ed5 s\u1eed kh\u00e1c xa v\u1edbi vi\u1ebft s\u1eed. Vi\u1ebft s\u1eed ch\u1ec9 c\u1ea7n s\u1eed li\u1ec7u, c\u00f2n vi\u1ebft th\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ed5 s\u1eed th\u00ec l\u1ea1i c\u1ea7n r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u khoa h\u1ecdc kh\u00e1c m\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng c\u1ea7n s\u1eed li\u1ec7u, b\u1edfi l\u00e0m g\u00ec m\u00e0 c\u00f3 s\u1eed li\u1ec7u v\u00e0o th\u1eddi c\u1ed5 t\u1ed5 ti\u00ean ta c\u00f2n \u0103n l\u00f4ng \u1edf l\u1ed5.

Th\u1ebf m\u00e0 c\u00e1c s\u1eed gia Ph\u00e1p Vi\u1ec7t l\u1ea1i d\u00f9ng s\u1eed li\u1ec7u c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u0103n minh tr\u01b0\u1edbc ta l\u00e0 s\u1eed T\u00e0u. K\u1ec3 ra th\u00ec c\u0169ng t\u1ea1m \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c. Nh\u01b0ng s\u1eed T\u00e0u l\u1ea1i m\u00f9 m\u1edd, v\u00e0 ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 d\u00f9ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ec3 ki\u1ec3m so\u00e1t l\u1ea1i coi n\u00f3 c\u00f3 \u0103n kh\u1edbp v\u1edbi c\u00e1c khoa h\u1ecdc c\u0103n b\u1ea3n hay kh\u00f4ng m\u00e0 th\u00f4i.

Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng chi ta ch\u1ec9 \u0111\u1ecdc t\u1edbi S\u1eed k\u00fd c\u1ee7a T\u01b0 M\u00e3 Thi\u00ean \u0111\u1ebfn ba ng\u00e0n n\u0103m, th\u00ec l\u00e0m th\u1ebf n\u00e0o m\u00e0
bi\u1ebft \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ef1 th\u1eadt.

Ch\u00fang t\u00f4i l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c l\u1ea1i, kh\u00e1c h\u01a1n t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 m\u1ecdi ng\u01b0\u1eddi, l\u00e0 d\u00f9ng khoa kh\u1ea3o ti\u1ec1n s\u1eed v\u00e0 khoa
ch\u1ee7ng t\u1ed9c h\u1ecdc, m\u00e0 l\u00e0 khoa kh\u1ea3o ti\u1ec1n s\u1eed \u0111\u00fang, ch\u1edb kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 kh\u1ea3o ti\u1ec1n s\u1eed d\u1edf dang c\u1ee7a
Colani, Mansy, Golubew, Jans\u00e9, nh\u1eefng v\u1ecb \u1ea5y \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0a c\u00e1c s\u1eed gia Ph\u00e1p v\u00e0 ta \u0111\u1ebfn nh\u1eefng sai
l\u1ea7m kh\u00f4ng l\u1ed1i ra t\u1eeb n\u1eeda th\u1ebf k\u1ef7 nay.

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