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Psihologie experimentala

Psihologie experimentala

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Published by Elena Vatrici
Psihologie experimentala,Observatia
Psihologie experimentala,Observatia

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Published by: Elena Vatrici on Jun 07, 2009
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11/05/2012

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Capitolul 3:Observatia
Psihologie experimentala
 
Observatia
Observatia
este cea mai veche metodapsihologica(pre- zenta practic in toatedomeniile psihologiei).
Psihologul
este aceea persoana profundimplicata in observarea permanenta amanifestarilor comportamen- tale ale celor din jurul sau(o trasatura obiectiva a profe- siei depsiholog).
Exista o distinctie intre observatia careinsoteste activita- tea profesionala apsihologului(care constituie adesea o sursapentru cercetare) si observatia care insotesteacti- vitatea de cercetare in psihologie.Aceastadistinctie nu este delimitata precis,insa ne vomreferi la observatie ca metoda decercetareraortand-o aoi la siholoia ex-
 
3.1. Definire si caracteristici
Cele mai multe definitii de dictionar insista peconstatarea si notarea fidela a fenomenelor asacum se desfasoara ele in realitate.Deci,trasaturadefinitorie a observatiei este
caracte- rulpasiv
(observatorul nu intervine in desfasurareafenome- nului studiat).
Daca in experiment se provoaca in mod deliberat omodificare a variabilei independente,urmarindu-seefectele asupra varia- bileidependente(comportamentul),in observatiefenomenul este urmarit in modul sau natural dedesfasurare,incercan- du-se surprinderea unorrelatii cauzale stabile.
In experimentul de laborator,observatia va fisubordonata scopurilor acestuia si va urmari

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