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NEXT GENERATION JAMMERDOD Should Continueto Assess PotentialDuplication andOverlap As ProgramMoves Forward
Report to Congressional Committees
 August 2013
United States Government Accountability Office
United States Government Accountability Office
Highlights of  GAO-13-642,a report to congressional committees
August 2013
DOD Should Continue to Assess PotentialDuplication and Overlap As Program Moves Forward
 Why GAO Did This Study 
 At an estimated cost of over $7 billion,the Navy’s NGJ program represents asignificant investment in airborneelectronic attack capabilities. Jammers,like the planned NGJ, fly on aircraft,such as Navy EA-18Gs, and transmitelectronic signals that can neutralize or temporarily degrade enemy air defenses and communications, thusaiding combat aircraft and groundforces’ freedom to maneuver andstrike. Senate Report 112-196mandated GAO to review the NGJprogram and potential duplication. Thisreport examines the extent to which (1)DOD assessed whether there isduplication among NGJ, existingcapabilities, and other acquisitionprograms, and (2) NGJ is beingmanaged as a joint solution. GAOreviewed key NGJ requirements andacquisition documents and DOD andmilitary service documents describingairborne electronic attack capabilities.
 What GAO Recommends
To help ensure that DOD’s analysis of potential overlap and duplication iscomplete, GAO recommends that theSecretary of Defense: (1) require theNGJ capability development documentto discuss potential redundanciesbetween NGJ and existing andproposed programs across all of itsplanned roles and (2) ensure that theElectronic Warfare Strategy Report toCongress includes information onpotentially overlapping capabilities andwhy that overlap is warranted. DODagreed to continue to assessduplication and redundancies but notwith using the capability developmentdocument to do so. GAO believes therecommendation remains valid asdiscussed in the report. DOD agreedwith the second recommendation.
 What GAO Found
The Department of Defense (DOD) has assessed whether the planned NextGeneration Jammer (NGJ) program is duplicative using a variety of means, butnone of them address all of the system’s planned roles or take into account themilitary services’ evolving airborne electronic attack investment plans. DODanalyses support its conclusion that the NGJ meets a valid need and is notduplicative of existing capabilities in its primary role—suppressing enemy air defenses from outside the range of known surface-to-air missiles. However,these analyses do not address all planned NGJ roles, such as communications jamming in irregular warfare environments, or take into account the militaryservices’ evolving airborne electronic attack investment plans. According toGAO’s analysis, none of the systems that have emerged since DOD completedits NGJ analyses duplicate its planned capabilities; however there is someoverlap in the roles they are intended to perform. Redundancy in some of theseareas may, in fact, be desirable. However, pursuing multiple acquisition efforts todevelop similar capabilities can result in the same capability gap being filled twiceor more, lead to inefficient use of resources, and contribute to other warfightingneeds going unfilled. Therefore, continued examination of potential overlap andduplication among these investments may be warranted.DOD has several ongoing efforts that could provide a mechanism for updating itsanalysis of potential overlap and duplication to address these shortcomings asthe program moves forward. However, GAO found weaknesses in two of theseefforts as well.
Electronic Warfare Strategy Report to Congress:
DOD could address newduplication issues as they emerge and, if necessary, explain the need for overlapping capabilities in this report. However, to date, the analysis of overlap and duplication in this report has been limited and did not examinepotential overlap between capabilities or explain why overlap was warranted.
NGJ Capability Development Document:
Redundancies are required to beconsidered when a capability development document—which defines theperformance requirements for an acquisition program—is validated. The draftNGJ capability development document does not identify the systems theNavy considered when analyzing potential redundancies, so it is difficult toevaluate whether its analysis includes existing and proposed programsacross all of the NGJ’s planned roles.The NGJ is not being managed as a joint acquisition program, which is adistinction related to funding, but it is expected to provide the Navy with airborneelectronic capabilities that will support all military services in both major combatoperations and irregular warfare environments. The NGJ’s capabilities are notintended to meet all of the military services’ airborne electronic attack needs andthe services are planning to make additional investments in systems that aretailored to meet their specific warfighting roles. The military services might beable to leverage the NGJ program in support of their own acquisition prioritiesbecause it plans to use a modular open systems approach, which allows for components to be added, removed, or modified without significantly impactingthe rest of the system. This approach could make it easier to integrate the NGJor its technologies into other systems in the future.
View GAO-13-642.For more information, contact Michael J. Sullivan, (202) 512-4841,sullivanm@gao.gov.

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