Illuminati of Bavaria
The Social Cercle
Not only that, but the major histori-ans of the French Revolution (with the exception of Mathiez)largely ignore the Social Cercle.In October 1789, Nicholas Bonneville (1760-1828)with Fauchet founded the society
Bonnevillewas the primary leader.
At the time of its founding, he belonged to a Freemason lodge with a similar name: theSocial Contract Lodge of Paris. Many members of the SocialContract Lodge were members of the Cercle Social Lodge inParis. This points to the possibility that the Cercle Sociallodge was simply an extension of the same society. The ParisSocial Contract lodge was founded in 1779 by a Berlin Illu-minatus.
Later, Mathiez says “the lodge Contrat social
fell under the inspiration of Bonneville
Thus, more or less,they were connected.Bonneville’s Social Cercle lodge copied the secretsocieties. Rose comments that Bonneville was “used to thespirit of the secretive Masonic lodge, [and] intended [the
6.R. B. Rose, “Socialism and the French Revolution: The Social Cercleand the Enragés,”
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library Manchester
(Sept. 1958) Vol. 41, No. 1 at 139. The Soviets had paid some attention just a couple of years earlier.
V. Alexeev-Popov, “Le Cercle Social,1790-1791,”
(May-June 1956) No. 4 at 89-150.7.Billington,
Fire in the Minds of Men
, at 39. R.B.Rose correctsother historians on the date of the founding of the Cercle Social. Rose points out it was founded in October 1789, not October 1790 as somereport.
R. B. Rose, “Socialism and the French Revolution: the Cer-cle Social and the Enragés,”
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
, xli,no. i (Sept.1958) at142, 144.8.Bonneville was a literary critic, translator, and publisher. Prior to theRevolution, he published
Nouveau theatre allemand
(1782, 12 vols.).9.
Chapters Eight and Twenty-three.10.Albert Mathiez, “R. Le Forestier, Les Illuminés de Baviere et laFranc-Maconnerie allemande., etc.”
(Besan-con: Millot Freres, 1916), VIII at 437.