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Η ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΤΟΥ "ΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΚΟΥ ΚΥΚΛΟΥ"

Η ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΤΟΥ "ΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΚΟΥ ΚΥΚΛΟΥ"

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..."Social Circle aka Cercle Social was an organization founded in Paris in 1789, located at rue du Théâtre François, N°. 4.2 It was in the mold of a masonic lodge whose founder — Bonneville — claimed he was carrying on the
mission of the Bavarian Illuminati"....
..."Social Circle aka Cercle Social was an organization founded in Paris in 1789, located at rue du Théâtre François, N°. 4.2 It was in the mold of a masonic lodge whose founder — Bonneville — claimed he was carrying on the
mission of the Bavarian Illuminati"....

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Published by: Κοινωνικός Κύκλος on Aug 21, 2013
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 Illuminati of Bavaria
1
Introduction
1
The Cercle Social 
 Introduction
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote in 1845:
T
he revolutionary movement which began in 1789 withthe
Cercle Social 
, whose main representatives were to beLeclerc and Roux, and which ended in Babeuf’s conspir-acy, gave birth to the communist idea which Buonarotti,friend of Babeuf, reintroduced into France after the Revo-lution of 1830.
1
 
This
Social Circle
aka
Cercle Social 
was an organiza-tion founded in Paris in 1789, located at rue du ThéâtreFrançois, N°. 4.
2
It was in the mold of a masonic lodge whosefounder — Bonneville — claimed he was carrying on themission of the Bavarian Illuminati. Bonneville in 1791 wrotein reference to Mirabeau’s 1788 defense of the Bavarian Illu-minati, and then Bonneville claimed he was carrying on theBavarian Illuminati program in France:
This project (of the Illuminati) continues. Mr.Mirabeau was beautiful, noble and great; andsince the very instant when [electoral] districtswere summoned in May 1789 [for the EstatesGeneral],
The Mouth of Iron
,
persevered withall its might their noble intentions
, and
 never  has abandoned the principles and promises
1.Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels,
 Die Heilige Familie
(1845) at 186quoted in R. B. Rose, “Socialism and the French Revolution: TheSocial Cercle and the Enragés,”
 Bulletin of the John Rylands Library Manchester 
(Sept. 1958) Vol. 41, No. 1 at 139.2.This is indicated on the title page of Bonneville’s
 L’Esprit des Reli- gions
(1792).
 
The Cercle Social
Illuminati of Bavaria
2
of THOSE WHOSE NAME IS CURSED BY  POSTERITY [i.e., the Illuminati]
.
3
The reputable specialist on the French Revolution,Mathiez, comments on this passage: “Bonneville consideredhimself the heir who carried on the thought and work of Weishaupt.”
4
As Billington noted, “Nicholas Bonnevillewas...the decisive channel of Illuminist influence.”
5
This chapter asks whether the Illuminati or their alliesset up the Social Cercle at Paris. If so, what impact did thisgroup have on events and the French Revolution of either 1789 or 1792?
The Social Cercle
Besides the Jacobins, the
Cercle Social 
(Social Cer-cle) influenced the French Revolution. Karl Marx andFriedrich Engels even credit the Social Cercle with the birthof the communist movement. Despite this honor, Rose pointsout the Cercle Social has “received little or no attention from
3.Albert Mathiez, “R. Le Forestier, Les Illuminés de Baviere et laFranc-Maconnerie allemande. Paris, Hachette, 1915 [review].”
 Annales Révolutionnaires
(Besancon: Millot Freres, 1916) VIII at 432,436. The original passage in French is: “Ce project (des Illuminés)continue. H. Mirabeau était beau, noble et grand; et, si depuis l’instantoù les districts furent convoqués en mai 1789,
 La Bouche de fer 
, pour-suivant de toutes ses forces un sí noble dessein, a jamais abandonné ces principes et ses promesses, QUE SON NOM SOIT MAUDIT DANSLA POSTÉRITÉ.” (
 Bouche de Fer 
, April 8, 1791.)4.Albert Mathiez, “R. Le Forestier, Les Illuminés de Baviere et laFranc-Maconnerie allemande. Paris, Hachette, 1915 [review].”
 Annales Révolutionnaires
(Besancon: Millot Freres, 1916) VIII, at436. Ligou downplays this to his Freemason audience, and says“Mathiez
thought 
that he [Bonneville] had the ambition to play inFrance the role of Weishaupt.”
See
Ligou, Ed.,
 Dictionnaire de la Franc-Maçonnerie
(1987),
 supra
, at 150.5.Billington,
 Fire in the Minds of Men
(Transaction Publishers 2004) at96.
 
 Illuminati of Bavaria
3
The Social Cercle
Marxist historiography.”
6
Not only that, but the major histori-ans of the French Revolution (with the exception of Mathiez)largely ignore the Social Cercle.In October 1789, Nicholas Bonneville (1760-1828)with Fauchet founded the society
Cercle Social 
.
7
Bonnevillewas the primary leader.
8
At the time of its founding, he belonged to a Freemason lodge with a similar name: theSocial Contract Lodge of Paris. Many members of the SocialContract Lodge were members of the Cercle Social Lodge inParis. This points to the possibility that the Cercle Sociallodge was simply an extension of the same society. The ParisSocial Contract lodge was founded in 1779 by a Berlin Illu-minatus.
9
Later, Mathiez says “the lodge Contrat social
 fell under the inspiration of Bonneville
.”
10
Thus, more or less,they were connected.Bonneville’s Social Cercle lodge copied the secretsocieties. Rose comments that Bonneville was “used to thespirit of the secretive Masonic lodge, [and] intended [the
6.R. B. Rose, “Socialism and the French Revolution: The Social Cercleand the Enragés,”
 Bulletin of the John Rylands Library Manchester 
 (Sept. 1958) Vol. 41, No. 1 at 139. The Soviets had paid some attention just a couple of years earlier.
See
V. Alexeev-Popov, “Le Cercle Social,1790-1791,”
 Recherches soviétiques
(May-June 1956) No. 4 at 89-150.7.Billington,
 Fire in the Minds of Men
,
 supra
, at 39. R.B.Rose correctsother historians on the date of the founding of the Cercle Social. Rose points out it was founded in October 1789, not October 1790 as somereport.
See
R. B. Rose, “Socialism and the French Revolution: the Cer-cle Social and the Enragés,”
 Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
, xli,no. i (Sept.1958) at142, 144.8.Bonneville was a literary critic, translator, and publisher. Prior to theRevolution, he published
 Nouveau theatre allemand 
(1782, 12 vols.).9.
See
Chapters Eight and Twenty-three.10.Albert Mathiez, “R. Le Forestier, Les Illuminés de Baviere et laFranc-Maconnerie allemande., etc.”
 Annales Révolutionnaires
(Besan-con: Millot Freres, 1916), VIII at 437.

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