gold mines in Lirhembe in the Kakamega District. Kansai Mining Corp. completed adrilling program at Migori in southwestern Kenya in the second quarter of 2004.Resources at Migori were estimated to be about 39 metric tons (t) of contained gold.AfriOre Ltd. commenced a drilling program at Masumbi on the Ndori prospect inwestern Kenya.International Gold Exploration AB of Sweden held Lolgorien and other properties inthe western part of the country (Mining Journal, 2004; Oywa and Amadala, 2004;M.J. Njeru, Mines and Geology Department, written commun., August 7, 2003).
b)Iron and Steel
Kenya mined small amounts of iron ore for use in cement production. The country’sfour rolling mills had a capacity of 220,000 metric tons per year (t/yr) and reliedupon imported billet. Madvhani Group of Uganda was considering the reopening of Emco Steelworks and Emco Billets in Nairobi to provide a stable billet supply for itsrolling mill in Uganda. These plants have increased their profitability because of thecessation of dumping of Russian and Ukrainian steel in East Africa (Metal Bulletin,2004).
c)Titanium and Zirconium
Tiomin Resources Inc. of Canada held licenses for the Kilifi, Kwale, Mambrui, andVipongo heavy mineral sands deposits. The company planned to mine at Kwale;Tiomin expected to begin the 20-month construction phase in the second quarter of 2005. During the first 6 years of the project, Tiomin was expected to produce330,000 t/yr of ilmenite, 77,000 t/yr of rutile, and 37,000 t/yr of zircon. Theexpected mine life was 13 years. Capital costs were estimated to be $120 million(Tiomin Resources Inc., 2004a, b).
Kenya has three cement producers.i.Athi River Mining Ltd. (ARM)ii.Bamburi Cement Ltd
East African Portland Cement Co. Ltd
African Diatomite Industries Ltd. produce high-grade diatomite at Kariandusi andSoysambu in the Nakuru District
Mined by Kenya Fluorspar Ltd in
the Kerio Valley; Most of the company’s
productionis for export.
Kenya produced gemstones that included amethyst, aquamarine, cordierite, greengarnet (tsavorite),ruby, sapphire, and tourmaline. Rockland Kenya Ltd., whichoperated the John Saul ruby mine, was the leading producer and exporter of ruby.National ruby production fell to 2,310 kg in 2003 from 3,043 kg in 2002 and 4,001kg in 1998. Corby Ltd. and Kwirintori Mining Society planned to mine ruby in theBaringo District. In November 2004, the companies were discussing compensationwith residents of Baringo (Mkawale,2004; M.J. Njeru, Mines and GeologyDepartment, written commun., August 7, 2003).
Magadi Soda Ash Ltd. (a subsidiary of Brunner Mond Group Ltd.) extracts salt fromLake Magadi as a byproduct of the soda ash production process
Magadi mined trona from Lake Magadi.
The Government through the Department of Mines and Geology in the Ministry of