Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Natural Resources in Kenya

Natural Resources in Kenya

|Views: 16,271|Likes:
Published by tunali21321
Starting with an overall view of natural resources, then focusing on natural resources of Kenya. Exploitation and impacts of exploitation of natural resources.
Starting with an overall view of natural resources, then focusing on natural resources of Kenya. Exploitation and impacts of exploitation of natural resources.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: tunali21321 on Jun 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





NATURAL RESOURCESDefinition of Natural Resource
A feature or component of the natural environment that is of value in serving humanneeds, e.g. soil, water, wildlife, etc. Some natural resources have an economic value(e.g. timber) while others have a 'non-economic' value (e.g. scenic beauty)
Types of Natural Resources
Natural resources can be divided into several categories:
(1) Nature’s Goods
These are the traditional “extractable” resources, e.g.- Fossil fuels: oil, coal, natural gas- Metallic ores: iron, copper, silver, gold etc.- Biological supplies: timber, fisheries, wild game, natural rubber
(2) Nature’s Services
These are essential services provided by nature for the continued, sustainable healthand well-being of our environment. These are typically considered “renewable” resources, e.g.- Soils for production- Water and the hydrology cycle- Air and purification of air- Global carbon cycle- Stratospheric ozone shield
(3) Natural Amenities
These are non-essential services provided by nature; may be considered “quality-of-life” services, e.g.- Recreation- Aesthetics
NATURAL RESOURCES IN KENYA1)Mineral resourcesMetals
Kenya’s gold production was artisanal and small-scale. In December 2004, MuunganoGold Prospecting Group of Kenya employed about 1,500 miners at six small-scale
gold mines in Lirhembe in the Kakamega District. Kansai Mining Corp. completed adrilling program at Migori in southwestern Kenya in the second quarter of 2004.Resources at Migori were estimated to be about 39 metric tons (t) of contained gold.AfriOre Ltd. commenced a drilling program at Masumbi on the Ndori prospect inwestern Kenya.International Gold Exploration AB of Sweden held Lolgorien and other properties inthe western part of the country (Mining Journal, 2004; Oywa and Amadala, 2004;M.J. Njeru, Mines and Geology Department, written commun., August 7, 2003).
b)Iron and Steel
Kenya mined small amounts of iron ore for use in cement production. The country’sfour rolling mills had a capacity of 220,000 metric tons per year (t/yr) and reliedupon imported billet. Madvhani Group of Uganda was considering the reopening of Emco Steelworks and Emco Billets in Nairobi to provide a stable billet supply for itsrolling mill in Uganda. These plants have increased their profitability because of thecessation of dumping of Russian and Ukrainian steel in East Africa (Metal Bulletin,2004).
c)Titanium and Zirconium
Tiomin Resources Inc. of Canada held licenses for the Kilifi, Kwale, Mambrui, andVipongo heavy mineral sands deposits. The company planned to mine at Kwale;Tiomin expected to begin the 20-month construction phase in the second quarter of 2005. During the first 6 years of the project, Tiomin was expected to produce330,000 t/yr of ilmenite, 77,000 t/yr of rutile, and 37,000 t/yr of zircon. Theexpected mine life was 13 years. Capital costs were estimated to be $120 million(Tiomin Resources Inc., 2004a, b).
Industrial Mineralsa)Cement
Kenya has three cement producers.i.Athi River Mining Ltd. (ARM)ii.Bamburi Cement Ltd
East African Portland Cement Co. Ltd
African Diatomite Industries Ltd. produce high-grade diatomite at Kariandusi andSoysambu in the Nakuru District
Mined by Kenya Fluorspar Ltd in
the Kerio Valley; Most of the company’s
productionis for export.
Kenya produced gemstones that included amethyst, aquamarine, cordierite, greengarnet (tsavorite),ruby, sapphire, and tourmaline. Rockland Kenya Ltd., whichoperated the John Saul ruby mine, was the leading producer and exporter of ruby.National ruby production fell to 2,310 kg in 2003 from 3,043 kg in 2002 and 4,001kg in 1998. Corby Ltd. and Kwirintori Mining Society planned to mine ruby in theBaringo District. In November 2004, the companies were discussing compensationwith residents of Baringo (Mkawale,2004; M.J. Njeru, Mines and GeologyDepartment, written commun., August 7, 2003).
Magadi Soda Ash Ltd. (a subsidiary of Brunner Mond Group Ltd.) extracts salt fromLake Magadi as a byproduct of the soda ash production process
Soda Ash
Magadi mined trona from Lake Magadi.
Mining Sustainability
The Government through the Department of Mines and Geology in the Ministry of 
Environment Natural Resources and Wildlife has prepared a mining policy and is inthe process of enacting a new mining law. The aim is to develop a comprehensivepolicy framework for regulating the mining sector and an appropriate legal and fiscalframework, which are in line with the current global mining trends. The proposed lawonce enacted, will attract, guide and encourage private investments into the sectoras well as tap the country’s huge mineral potential. Under the envisaged mining law,a new mining licensing system is to be introduced to provide for among others; asimplified and harmonised licensing of mining operations, a considerably curtaileddiscretion on the part of the Minister in charge of mining and a greater security of tenure for mining investors.The new law also seeks to harmonize mining with the Environment Management andCoordination Act of 1999 and requires a restoration and rehabilitation of mined outareas and cushioning of local communities against adverse effects of mining.
Exploitation of natural resources
of natural resources is an essential condition of the human existence.Throughout history, humans have manipulated natural resources to produce thematerials they needed to sustain growing human populations. This refers primarily tofood production, but many other entities from the natural environment have beenextracted. Often the exploitation of nature has been done in a non-sustainable way,which is causing an increasing concern, as a non-sustainable exploitation of naturalresource ultimately threatens the human existence.
 Impacts of exploitation of natural resources on the environment 
Species extinctions
Land Resources:
Destruction of wetlands
Desertification Soil erosion
Declining oil and mineral supplies
Marine Resources:
Coastal degradation
Freshwater Resources:
Groundwater contamination and depletion
Surface water shortages
Atmospheric Resources:
Ozone Depletion
Root Causes
a. Overpopulation
With respect to the environment, many scientists would argue that there is nogreater single environmental threat than the continued growth of the humanpopulation. The basis for this argument is that population affects so manyenvironmental issues: the use of natural resources, the amount of waste that ispumped into the environment daily, the reduction of species habitat, the decimation

Activity (24)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
kmwenda19 added this note
May God bless you for this site.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Andrew Machora added this note
nice stuff
Pachita Leaticha Patience liked this
Ben Mangi liked this
Master Ike liked this
Enid Irungu liked this
Alex Haile liked this
Phernice Achieng liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->