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English Tense System

English Tense System

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Published by MOhammad ZOhaib

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Published by: MOhammad ZOhaib on Jun 08, 2009
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01/17/2013

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English Grammar 
Rehan Hyder Naqvi
Simple Present TenseSimple Past TenseSimple Future Tense
 
 
English Tense System
For past and present, there are 2 simple tenses + 6complex tenses (using auxiliary verbs). To these, we canadd 4 "modal tenses" for the future (using modal auxiliaryverbs will/shall). This makes a total of 12 tenses in theactive voice. Another 12 tenses are available in thepassive voice. So now we have 24 tenses. The
use
of tenses in English may be quite complicated, but the
of English tenses is actually very simple. Thebasic structure for a positive sentence is:
subject + auxiliary verb + main verb
 
* Auxiliary = Helping
  r  e   h  a  n  n  a  q  v   i   @   h  o   t  m  a   i   l .  c  o  m
 
 
An auxiliary verb is used in all tenses. (In the simple present and simplepast tenses, the auxiliary verb is usually suppressed for the affirmative, butit can and does exist for intensification.) The following table shows the
12tenses
for the verb
to work
in the active voice.I will havebeenworkingI have beenworking
I had beenworkingpresentparticiple-ing
havebeen
continuousperfect
I will beworkingI am working
I wasworkingpresentparticiple-ing
I will haveworkedI haveworked
I hadworkedpastparticiple
have
perfect
 I do work
I did workbase
do
intensive
I will workI work
I worked
normalsimple
main verb
auxiliary
Future*PresentPast
structure 
* Technically, there are
no
future tenses in English. The word
will
is a modal auxiliary verband future tenses are sometimes called “Modal Tenses". The examples are included herefor convenience and comparison.
  r  e   h  a  n  n  a  q  v   i   @   h  o   t  m  a   i   l .  c  o  m

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