The granting of direct seats would be atoad hard to swallow but it is negotiable,depending on the number. It would beeasier to allow a constituency for peaceduring a time period that lowers thethreshold for the parties arising out of thesigning of the Agreement. This wouldimply, almost necessarily, also to lower thethreshold for small parties who are at riskof disappearing.The FARC propose to create the conditions for themto become a legal political party, which wouldinclude the possibility that the party is to have legalpersonality only with its registration and regardlessof a threshold. They are requesting that it beassigned, directly, a number of seats in Congressand in the assemblies and councils. And in addition,they intend to create a "special constituency forpeace" to "parties or social and political movementsthat arise as a result of the signing of an eventualpeace agreement," which would operate during thetime, with the threshold and with the seats that aredefined in the Final Agreement. It would besomething equivalent to the special constituency forethnic minorities.The proposal to eliminate the thresholdruns counter to the idea of the latestpolitical reforms that are trying to do awaywith garage political parties. In addition itwould have large financial implications withregard to the financing of parties that ariseonly with filling out a form and as a result it
would be impractical as it’s presented.
Guarantees for the opposition
The explicit reformulation of the militarydoctrine does not seem feasible politicallybecause the military is opposed and itwould be the perfect battle horse for theuribismo, whose axis is the security.However, in practice if the FARCdisappeared the military doctrine wouldhave to change because it would be gonethe main enemy that sustains them.The FARC propose a series of guarantees for theopposition which would include, among others, aStatute of Opposition and to reformulate thesecurity policy of the State and the military andpolice doctrine "to deprive them of the contents of the
" and "in the design of persecutionand in the fight against the "enemy within" '; theright of reply when the Government violates thegood name of the opposition; participation in theshaping of boards and commissions of the Congress;the last word before the conclusion to the debatesin Congress; participation in the monitoring of electoral processes; prior consultation on matters of national concern such as foreign affairs, securityand defense, or justice.When Germán Vargas was minister of theInterior proposed a Statute for theopposition which, three years later has notmaterialized with the Democratic Pole,which shows that it is a difficult subject.However, that it has already been aninitiative of the government shows that it isa negotiable item.