Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
What is Feasible and What is Non-negotiable

What is Feasible and What is Non-negotiable

|Views: 16|Likes:
Published by lasillavacia

More info:

Published by: lasillavacia on Aug 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





What is feasible and what is non-negotiable in the proposals of politicalparticipation of the FARC
By Juanita Leon
August 8, 2013
Translated for La Silla Vacía by Matilda VillarragaYesterday in the celebration of the Battle of Boyacá, President Santos called for a "Second Independence", which will allow the Colombians tobreak forever with the yoke of violence building a lasting peace. This peace moves through the dialogues in Havana and through agreements onthe second point of the Agenda, which is the political participation of the guerrillas. La Silla reviewed the ten "minimal proposals of politicalparticipation" that the FARC presented and the second communique where they explain them; it is more evident that everything they ask for isto be applied to them and not the opposition in general. Based on these proposals, La Silla analyzes what would be negotiable and what non-viable.
La Silla’s Explanation
Constituent Assembly
The FARC are proposing a Constituent Assembly tomake permanent institutional changes that allow allthe guerrillas, including those who are prisoners,elect and be elected and to form political parties.Among these changes, they propose the"permanent deletion of any prohibition orimpediment that may affect the full exercise of anysuch investitures" on the part of the guerrillas.A Constituent Assembly as such does notseem feasible. First, because Santos hasmade it "a point of honor" and because itwould open the gate, among other things,for the guerrillas to end up legislating oneverything - including the economic modeland for reforms to be introduced as thepossibility of a second re-election to allowthe return of Alvaro Uribe to power.It would be necessary to seek other legalformulas to make a constitutional reformthat will give security to the legalagreements (and them), including theparticipation in politics despite havingcommitted war crimes and crimes againsthumanity. For this reason, is precisely theFramework for Peace (now the FARC say
they don’t like it). This would enable the
majority of the guerrilla (even theprisoners) to elect and be elected. Butsome of the heads would have to pay aconviction.Nor is it negotiable the permanent deletionof any prohibition or impediment to bechosen because that would mean that theguerrillas would be immune to the future of any loss of investiture.
To facilitate their arrival in Congress
The granting of direct seats would be atoad hard to swallow but it is negotiable,depending on the number. It would beeasier to allow a constituency for peaceduring a time period that lowers thethreshold for the parties arising out of thesigning of the Agreement. This wouldimply, almost necessarily, also to lower thethreshold for small parties who are at riskof disappearing.The FARC propose to create the conditions for themto become a legal political party, which wouldinclude the possibility that the party is to have legalpersonality only with its registration and regardlessof a threshold. They are requesting that it beassigned, directly, a number of seats in Congressand in the assemblies and councils. And in addition,they intend to create a "special constituency forpeace" to "parties or social and political movementsthat arise as a result of the signing of an eventualpeace agreement," which would operate during thetime, with the threshold and with the seats that aredefined in the Final Agreement. It would besomething equivalent to the special constituency forethnic minorities.The proposal to eliminate the thresholdruns counter to the idea of the latestpolitical reforms that are trying to do awaywith garage political parties. In addition itwould have large financial implications withregard to the financing of parties that ariseonly with filling out a form and as a result it
would be impractical as it’s presented.
Guarantees for the opposition
The explicit reformulation of the militarydoctrine does not seem feasible politicallybecause the military is opposed and itwould be the perfect battle horse for theuribismo, whose axis is the security.However, in practice if the FARCdisappeared the military doctrine wouldhave to change because it would be gonethe main enemy that sustains them.The FARC propose a series of guarantees for theopposition which would include, among others, aStatute of Opposition and to reformulate thesecurity policy of the State and the military andpolice doctrine "to deprive them of the contents of the
cold war
" and "in the design of persecutionand in the fight against the "enemy within" '; theright of reply when the Government violates thegood name of the opposition; participation in theshaping of boards and commissions of the Congress;the last word before the conclusion to the debatesin Congress; participation in the monitoring of electoral processes; prior consultation on matters of national concern such as foreign affairs, securityand defense, or justice.When Germán Vargas was minister of theInterior proposed a Statute for theopposition which, three years later has notmaterialized with the Democratic Pole,which shows that it is a difficult subject.However, that it has already been aninitiative of the government shows that it isa negotiable item.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->