oriented behaviors identified byshowing mutual trust and respectfor subordinates, demonstratinggenuine concernfor their needs.The other clusterrepresents a task-oriented leader-ship style andincludes behav-iors that definestructure work roles.Task-oriented leaders assign em-ployees specific tasks, clarify dutiesand procedures and ensure theyfollow company rules and challengeemployees to push beyond theirnormal standards.
What are the behaviors that makeleaders effective?
perspectivelooks at what behav-iors make leaders ef-fective.There are two clustersof leadership behav-iors which dominatethis model.The first is people-In the
competency model of leader-ship
there is a notion that effectiveleaders possess specific personalcharacteristics or competencies.There is a belief that these skills,knowledge, aptitudes and personalcharacteristics lead to superior per-formance in leaders and perform-ance of subordinates.The main categories of leadershipcompetencies are:
emotional intelligence.The competency perspective is cur-rently quite popular. It does havesome limitations. It does assumethat all leaders have the same char-acteristics and personal traits canapply to all situations. This is afalse assumption. There is also anemphasis that leadership is some-thing mythical within a person.Experts emphasize that leadership ispurely relational. Effective leadersare so because of their favorablerelationship with followers. Lead-ership can not be identified withoutconsidering the quality of thoserelationships.
It takes a lot of effort for most lead-ers to continually choose and imple-
The “it depends” perspective.
contingency leadership per-spective
is based on the idea that themost appropriate leadership styledepends on the situation.There is an assumption that leadersmust be both insightful and flexible,this is difficult for most leaders todo and most leaders typically have apreferred style.ment a different style for everysituation and readiness circum-stance.
Behavioral Leadership - Part 4Competency Based Leadership—Part 3Contingency Based Leadership - Part 5
Contingency Based Leadershipis situation based