3individuals constitute in power relations. This is because if the individuals refuse to cooperatewith the leader, there will be anomie in the society. Therefore, the leader is within house of power and is the observer. However, he is also being observed through his action and decision.With the help of democracy, the leader can be changed if he is not living up to expectations. So,the micro-physics of power underlie democracy (Foucault, 1995).This era of power is significant and reflects on the economy and superstructures in three differentways. Firstly, “to obtain the exercise of power at the lowest possible cost (economically, by thelow expenditure it involves; politically, by its discretion its low exteriorization, its relativeinvisibility, by the little resistance it arouse)” (Foucault, 1995, p. 218). Secondly, power fulfillsmaximum utility in this era and thirdly, it connects growth in economy of power with the positiveoutcome of various institutions such as military and education within which power is exercised(Foucault, 1995).In this second part of the paper, attempt will be made to pinpoint how Gramsci views evolvementof power in lieu of how difficult it is to understand his literature. He identified power to be inthree different phases though he was forced to understand it that way by becoming a prisoner.The three phases are Economic/Social, political and military. For Gramsci, economy is linked topolitical and military power. Both powers are exercised through mass forces which becomeshegemony. Hegemony is seen as a superstructure which society and individuals must contendwith in form of socialism or capitalism. However, Gramsci thinks that human consciousness isthe most important thing but could not understand why revolutions took place in the East and notin the West (Gramsci 1929-1935).