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Local Government Code of 1991 (RA 7160)

Local Government Code of 1991 (RA 7160)

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Published by Myron Gutierrez

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Published by: Myron Gutierrez on Jun 09, 2009
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01/29/2015

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THELOCALGOVERNMENTCODEOFTHEPHILIPPINESBOOKIGENERALPROVISIONSTITLEONE.‐BASICPRINCIPLESCHAPTER1.‐THECODE:POLICYANDAPPLICATIONSECTION1.Title.‐ThisActshallbeknownandcitedasthe"LocalGovernmentCodeof1991".SEC.2.DeclarationofPolicy.‐(a)ItisherebydeclaredthepolicyoftheStatethattheterritorialandpoliticalsubdivisionsoftheStateshallenjoygenuineandmeaningfullocalautonomytoenablethemtoattaintheirfullestdevelopmentasself‐reliantcommunitiesandmakethemmoreeffectivepartnersintheattainmentofnationalgoals.Towardthisend,theStateshallprovideforamoreresponsiveandaccountablelocalgovernmentstructureinstitutedthroughasystemofdecentralizationwherebylocalgovernmentunitsshallbegivenmorepowers,authority,responsibilities,andresources.Theprocessofdecentralizationshallproceedfromthenationalgovernmenttothelocalgovernmentunits.(b)ItisalsothepolicyoftheStatetoensuretheaccountabilityoflocalgovernmentunitsthroughtheinstitutionofeffectivemechanismsofrecall,initiativeandreferendum.(c)ItislikewisethepolicyoftheStatetorequireallnationalagenciesandofficestoconductperiodicconsultationswithappropriatelocalgovernmentunits,non‐governmentalandpeople'sorganizations,andotherconcernedsectorsofthecommunitybeforeanyprojectorprogramisimplementedintheirrespectivejurisdictions.SEC.3.OperativePrinciplesofDecentralization.Theformulationandimplementationofpoliciesandmeasuresonlocalautonomyshallbeguidedbythefollowingoperativeprinciples:
 
(a)Thereshallbeaneffectiveallocationamongthedifferentlocalgovernmentunitsoftheirrespectivepowers,functions,responsibilities,andresources;(b)Thereshallbeestablishedineverylocalgovernmentunitanaccountable,efficient,anddynamicorganizationalstructureandoperatingmechanismthatwillmeetthepriorityneedsandservicerequirementsofitscommunities;(c)Subjecttocivilservicelaw,rulesandregulations,localofficialsandemployeespaidwhollyormainlyfromlocalfundsshallbeappointedorremoved,accordingtomeritandfitness,bytheappropriateappointingauthority;(d)Thevestingofduty,responsibility,andaccountabilityinlocalgovernmentunitsshallbeaccompaniedwithprovisionforreasonablyadequateresourcestodischargetheirpowersandeffectivelycarryouttheirfunctions;hence,theyshallhavethepowertocreateandbroadentheirownsourcesofrevenueandtherighttoajustshareinnationaltaxesandanequitableshareintheproceedsoftheutilizationanddevelopmentofthenationalwealthwithintheirrespectiveareas;(e)Provinceswithrespecttocomponentcitiesandmunicipalities,andcitiesandmunicipalitieswithrespecttocomponentbarangays,shallensurethattheactsoftheircomponentunitsarewithinthescopeoftheirprescribedpowersandfunctions;(f)Localgovernmentunitsmaygroupthemselves,consolidateorcoordinatetheirefforts,services,andresourcesforpurposescommonlybeneficialtothem;(g)Thecapabilitiesoflocalgovernmentunits,especiallythemunicipalitiesandbarangays,shallbeenhancedbyprovidingthemwithopportunitiestoparticipateactivelyintheimplementationofnationalprogramsandprojects;(h)Thereshallbeacontinuingmechanismtoenhancelocalautonomynotonlybylegislativeenablingactsbutalsobyadministrativeandorganizationalreforms;
 
(i)Localgovernmentunitsshallsharewiththenationalgovernmenttheresponsibilityinthemanagementandmaintenanceofecologicalbalancewithintheirterritorialjurisdiction,subjecttotheprovisionsofthisCodeandnationalpolicies;(j)Effectivemechanismsforensuringtheaccountabilityoflocalgovernmentunitstotheirrespectiveconstituentsshallbestrengthenedinordertoupgradecontinuallythequalityoflocalleadership;(k)Therealizationoflocalautonomyshallbefacilitatedthroughimprovedcoordinationofnationalgovernmentpoliciesandprogramsandextensionofadequatetechnicalandmaterialassistancetolessdevelopedanddeservinglocalgovernmentunits;(l)Theparticipationoftheprivatesectorinlocalgovernance,particularlyinthedeliveryofbasicservices,shallbeencouragedtoensuretheviabilityoflocalautonomyasanalternativestrategyforsustainabledevelopment;and(m)Thenationalgovernmentshallensurethatdecentralizatioontributestothecontinuingimprovementoftheperformanceoflocalgovernmentunitsandthequalityofcommunitylife.SEC.4.ScopeofApplication.‐ThisCodeshallapplytoallprovinces,cities,municipalities,barangays,andotherpoliticalsubdivisionsasmaybecreatedbylaw,and,totheextenthereinprovided,toofficials,offices,oragenciesofthenationalgovernment.SEC.5.RulesofInterpretation.‐IntheinterpretationoftheprovisionsofthisCode,thefollowingrulesshallapply:(a)Anyprovisiononapowerofalocalgovernmentunitshallbeliberallyinterpretedinitsfavor,andincaseofdoubt,anyquestionthereonshallberesolvedinfavorofdevolutionofpowersandofthelowerlocalgovernmentunit.Anyfairandreasonabledoubtastotheexistenceofthepowershallbeinterpretedinfavorofthelocalgovernmentunitconcerned;

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