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The 1987 Constitution

The 1987 Constitution

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Published by Myron Gutierrez

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Published by: Myron Gutierrez on Jun 09, 2009
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07/14/2010

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THE1987CONSTITUTIONOFTHEREPUBLICOFTHEPHILIPPINESPREAMBLEWe,thesovereignFilipinopeople,imploringtheaidofAlmightyGod,inordertobuildajustandhumanesociety,andestablishaGovernmentthatshallembodyouridealsandaspirations,promotethecommongood,conserveanddevelopourpatrimony,andsecuretoourselvesandourposterity,theblessingsofindependenceanddemocracyundertheruleoflawandaregimeoftruth,justice,freedom,love,equality,andpeace,doordainandpromulgatethisConstitution.ARTICLEINATIONALTERRITORYThenationalterritorycomprisesthePhilippinearchipelago,withalltheislandsandwatersembracedtherein,andallotherterritoriesoverwhichthePhilippineshassovereigntyorjurisdiction,consistingofitsterrestrial,fluvialandaerialdomains,includingitsterritorialsea,theseabed,thesubsoil,theinsularshelves,andothersubmarineareas.Thewatersaround,between,andconnectingtheislandsofthearchipelago,regardlessoftheirbreadthanddimensions,formpartoftheinternalwatersofthePhilippines.ARTICLEIIDECLARATIONOFPRINCIPLESANDSTATEPOLICIESPRINCIPLESSection1.ThePhilippinesisademocraticandrepublicanState.Sovereigntyresidesinthepeopleandallgovernmentauthorityemanatesfromthem.Section2.ThePhilippinesrenounceswarasaninstrumentofnationalpolicy,adoptsthegenerallyacceptedprinciplesofinternationallawaspartofthelawofthelandandadherestothepolicyofpeace,equality,justice,freedom,cooperation,andamitywithallnations.
 
Section3.Civilianauthorityis,atalltimes,supremeoverthemilitary.TheArmedForcesofthePhilippinesistheprotectorofthepeopleandtheState.ItsgoalistosecurethesovereigntyoftheStateandtheintegrityofthenationalterritory.Section4.TheprimedutyoftheGovernmentistoserveandprotectthepeople.TheGovernmentmaycalluponthepeopletodefendtheStateand,inthefulfillmentthereof,allcitizensmayberequired,underconditionsprovidedbylaw,torenderpersonal,militaryorcivilservice.Section5.Themaintenanceofpeaceandorder,theprotectionoflife,liberty,andproperty,andpromotionofthegeneralwelfareareessentialfortheenjoymentbyallthepeopleoftheblessingsofdemocracy.Section6.TheseparationofChurchandStateshallbeinviolable.STATEPOLICIESSection7.TheStateshallpursueanindependentforeignpolicy.Initsrelationswithotherstates,theparamountconsiderationshallbenationalsovereignty,territorialintegrity,nationalinterest,andtherighttoself‐determination.Section8.ThePhilippines,consistentwiththenationalinterest,adoptsandpursuesapolicyoffreedomfromnuclearweaponsinitsterritory.Section9.TheStateshallpromoteajustanddynamicsocialorderthatwillensuretheprosperityandindependenceofthenationandfreethepeoplefrompovertythroughpoliciesthatprovideadequatesocialservices,promotefullemployment,arisingstandardofliving,andanimprovedqualityoflifeforall.Section10.TheStateshallpromotesocialjusticeinallphasesofnationaldevelopment.
 
Section11.TheStatevaluesthedignityofeveryhumanpersonandguaranteesfullrespectforhumanrights.Section12.TheStaterecognizesthesanctityoffamilylifeandshallprotectandstrengthenthefamilyasabasicautonomoussocialinstitution.Itshallequallyprotectthelifeofthemotherandthelifeoftheunbornfromconception.ThenaturalandprimaryrightanddutyofparentsintherearingoftheyouthforcivicefficiencyandthedevelopmentofmoralcharactershallreceivethesupportoftheGovernment.Section13.TheStaterecognizesthevitalroleoftheyouthinnation‐buildingandshallpromoteandprotecttheirphysical,moral,spiritual,intellectual,andsocialwell‐being.Itshallinculcateintheyouthpatriotismandnationalism,andencouragetheirinvolvementinpublicandcivicaffairs.Section14.TheStaterecognizestheroleofwomeninnation‐building,andshallensurethefundamentalequalitybeforethelawofwomenandmen.Section15.TheStateshallprotectandpromotetherighttohealthofthepeopleandinstillhealthconsciousnessamongthem.Section16.TheStateshallprotectandadvancetherightofthepeopletoabalancedandhealthfulecologyinaccordwiththerhythmandharmonyofnature.Section17.TheStateshallgiveprioritytoeducation,scienceandtechnology,arts,culture,andsportstofosterpatriotismandnationalism,acceleratesocialprogress,andpromotetotalhumanliberationanddevelopment.Section18.TheStateaffirmslaborasaprimarysocialeconomicforce.Itshallprotecttherightsofworkersandpromotetheirwelfare.Section19.TheStateshalldevelopaself‐reliantandindependentnationaleconomyeffectivelycontrolledbyFilipinos.

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