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licenta

licenta

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Published by: pokemon69 on Jun 10, 2009
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07/04/2013

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UNIVERSITATEA “POLITEHNICA” DIN BUCURESTIFacultatea de Inginerie ElectricaLUCRARE DE LICENTA“Modernizarea instalatiei electrice a macaralei turn de fabricatie romaneasca tip MTA125”Student: Coordonator stiintific:Cristian Corban prof. dr. ing. Vlaicu ConstantinPromotia 2009
 
 
Cap 1. Notiuni generale despre macarale
1.1 Generalitati
Macaralele sunt utilajele din categoria instalatiilor de ridicat si manipulat cu cea mai mareraspandire in toate domeniile de activitate. Subansamblul constructiv esential al oricareimacarale este mecanismul de ridicare al sarcinii(troliul de sarcina).Exista o gama foarte variata de macarale adaptate la multiple destinatii(platforme petroliere,hale si fabrici industriale,santiere,etc ). Cele mai intalnite solutii de actionare alemacaralelor sunt actionarea hidraulica(motor primar diesel) si actionarea electrica(macaraleturn si poduri rulante).Pe santierele de constructii se utilizeaza cu precadere macaralele turn cu brat orizontal(MTO)
 
ale carei elemente constructive pot fii vazute schematic in fig. 1a. Fig.1a1-sina cale rulare macara;2- boghiu translatie macara;3-lesturi baza sasiu macara;4-tronson de baza turn macara;5-tiranti tronson baza;6-reductor mecanism rotire;7-motor mecanism rotire;8-coroana dintata rotire;9-ansamblu rotire macara;10tronson varf macara;11-tirant brat;12-tirantcontrabrat;13-contragreutati;14-mufla cu carlig.Dpdv mecanic si al ipotezelor de cacul simplificat din “Rezistenta materialelor” MTO este uncadru metalic in T incastrat in sol intr-un singur punct, diagrama fortelor taietoare(diagramaT),axiale de compresiune(diagrama N) a turnului si momentului incovoietor al structuriimetalice(diagrama M) putand fii vazute in fig.1b.

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