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Interview DW DataStage

Interview DW DataStage

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Published by mukesh

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Published by: mukesh on Aug 24, 2013
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1]. Dimension Modelling types along with their significance?
Data Modelling is Broadly classified into 2 types.a) E-R Diagrams (Entity - Relatioships). b) Dimensional Modelling.
2]. Dimensional modelling is again sub divided into 2 types?
a)Star Schema - Simple & Much Faster. Denormalized form. b)Snowflake Schema - Complex with more Granularity. More normalized form.
3]. Importance of Surrogate Key in Data warehousing?
Surrogate Key is a Primary Key for a Dimension table. Most importance of using it is it isindependent of underlying database. i.e Surrogate Key is not affected by the changesgoing on with a database.
4]. Differentiate Database data and Data warehouse data?
Data in a Database isa) Detailed or Transactional b) Both Readable and Writable.c) Current.
5]. What is the flow of loading data into fact & dimensional tables?
Fact table - Table with Collection of Foreign Keys corresponding to the Primary Keys inDimensional table. Consists of fields with numeric values.Dimension table - Table with Unique Primary Key.Load - Data should be first loaded into dimensional table. Based on the primary keyvalues in dimensional table, the data should be loaded into Fact table.
6]. Orchestrate Vs Datastage Parallel Extender?
Orchestrate itself is an ETL tool with extensive parallel processing capabilities andrunning on UNIX platform. Datastage used Orchestrate with Datastage XE (Beta versionof 6.0) to incorporate the parallel processing capabilities. Now Datastage has purchasedOrchestrate and integrated it with Datastage XE and released a new version Datastage 6.0i.e Parallel Extender.
7]. Differentiate Primary Key and Partition Key?
Primary Key is a combination of unique and not null. It can be a collection of key valuescalled as composite primary key. Partition Key is a just a part of Primary Key. There are
several methods of partition like Hash, DB2, Random etc..While using Hash partition wespecify the Partition Key.
8]. How do you execute datastage job from command line prompt?
Using "dsjob" command as follows.dsjob -run -jobstatus projectname jobname
9]. What are Stage Variables, Derivations and Constants?
Stage Variable - An intermediate processing variable that retains value during read anddoesnt pass the value into target column.Derivation - Expression that specifies value to be passed on to the target column.Constant - Conditions that are either true or false that specifies flow of data with a link.
10]. What is the default cache size? How do you change the cache size if needed?
Default cache size is 256 MB. We can incraese it by going into Datastage Administrator and selecting the Tunable Tab and specify the cache size over there.
11]. What are types of Hashed File?
Hashed File is classified broadly into 2 types.a) Static - Sub divided into 17 types based on Primary Key Pattern. b) Dynamic - sub divided into 2 typesi) Genericii) Specific.Default Hased file is "Dynamic - Type Random 30 D"
12]. Containers : Usage and Types?
Container is a collection of stages used for the purpose of Reusability.There are 2 types of Containers.a) Local Container: Job Specific b) Shared Container: Used in any job within a project.
13]. Compare and Contrast ODBC and Plug-In stages?
ODBC : a) Poor Performance. b) Can be used for Variety of Databases.c) Can handle Stored Procedures.
Plug-In: a) Good Performance. b) Database specific.(Only one database)c) Cannot handle Stored Procedures.
14]. How to run a Shell Script within the scope of a Data stage job?
By using "ExcecSH" command at Before/After job properties.
15]. How to handle Date convertions in Datastage? Convert a mm/dd/yyyy format toyyyy-dd-mm?
We use a) "Iconv" function - Internal Convertion. b) "Oconv" function - External Convertion.Function to convert mm/dd/yyyy format to yyyy-dd-mm isOconv(Iconv(Filedname,"D/MDY[2,2,4]"),"D-MDY[2,2,4]")
16]. Types of Parallel Processing?
Parallel Processing is broadly classified into 2 types.a) SMP - Symmetrical Multi Processing. b) MPP - Massive Parallel Processing.
17]. What does a Config File in parallel extender consist of?
Config file consists of the following.a) Number of Processes or Nodes. b) Actual Disk Storage Location.
18]. Functionality of Link Partitioner and Link Collector?
Link Partitioner : It actually splits data into various partitions or data flows using various partition methods .Link Collector : It collects the data coming from partitions, merges it into a single dataflowand loads to target.
19]. What is Modulus and Splitting in Dynamic Hashed File?
In a Hashed File, the size of the file keeps changing randomly.If the size of the file increases it is called as "Modulus".If the size of the file decreases it is called as "Splitting".
20]. Types of vies in Datastage Director?

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