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Published by Chintan Desai

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Published by: Chintan Desai on Aug 24, 2013
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MMM...SSSeeeeeennniiivvvaaasss Alluri Institute of Management SciencesWarangal, A.P., INDIA.
 Dr. T. SrinivasDepartment of MathematicsKakatiya UniversityWarangal – 506009
The operation of transportation determines the efficiency of moving products. The progress in techniques and management principles improves the moving load, deliveryspeed, service quality, operation costs, the usage of facilities and energy saving.Transportation takes a crucial part in the manipulation of logistic. Reviewing the currentcondition, a strong system needs a clear frame of logistics and a proper transportimplements and techniques to link the producing procedures.The objective of the paper is to define the role of transportation in logistics for thereference of further improvement. The research was undertaken to define and comprehend the basic views of logistics and its various applications and the relationships between logistics and transportation.
Key words
Transportation system, Logistics, Components, Inter relationships.
1. Introduction
Since logistics advanced from 1950s, due to the trend of nationalization and globalization in recent decades, the importance of logistics management has beengrowing in various areas. For industries, logistics helps to optimize the existing production and distribution processes based on the same resources through managementtechniques for promoting the efficiency and competitiveness of enterprises.
2The key element in a logistics chain is transportation system, which joints theseparated activities. Transportation occupies one-third of the amount in the logistics costsand transportation systems influence the performance of logistics system hugely.Transporting is required in the whole production procedures, from manufacturing todelivery to the final consumers and returns. Only a good coordination between eachcomponent would bring the benefits to a maximum.The paper focuses on:
Development of logistics
Transport-related sectors based on a historical review
Interrelationships of transportation and logistics
Benefits of transportation to logistics activities and vice versa
Major logistics activities and concepts
Potential further development of logistics systems.
2. Overview of Logistics2.1 Definitions
Logistics is
Part of the supply chain process that plans, implements, and controls theefficient, effective forward and reverse flow and storage of goods,services, and related information between the point of origin and the pointof consumption in order to meet customers’ requirements.
Describing the entire process of materials and products moving into,through, and out of firm. Inbound logistics covers the movement of material received from suppliers. Materials management describes themovement of materials and components within a firm. Physicaldistribution refers to the movement of goods outward from the end of theassembly line to the customer. Finally, supply-chain management issomewhat larger than logistics, and it links logistics more directly with theusers’ total communications network and with the firm’s engineering staff.
Process of moving and handling goods and materials, from the beginningto the end of the production, sale process and waste disposal, to satisfycustomers and add business competitiveness.
Process of anticipating customer needs and wants; acquiring the capital,materials, people, technologies, and information necessary to meet thoseneeds and wants; optimizing the goods- or service-producing network tofulfill customer requests; and utilizing the network to fulfill customer requests in a timely way.
Customer-oriented operation management.
2.2 Components of Logistics System
The closely linked components of the logistics system are:1. Logistics services2. Information systems3. Infrastructure/resources
Logistics services support the movement of materials and productsfrom inputs through production to consumers, as well as associated waste disposal and reverse flows. They include activities undertakenin-house by the users of the services (e.g. storage or inventory controlat a manufacturer’s plant) and the operations of external service providers. They comprise physical and non-physical activities (e.g.transport, storage and supply chain design, selection of contractors,freightage negotiations respectively). Most activities of logisticsservices are bi-direction.
Information systems include modeling and management of decisionmaking, and more important issues are tracking and tracing. It provides essential data and consultation in each step of the interactionamong logistics services and the target stations.

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