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CAP Coastal Patrol Ordnance History

CAP Coastal Patrol Ordnance History

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Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

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02/01/2014

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This is a transcribed copy of an original. Frank Blazich, Jr.
–
Ohio Wing Historian, 2012
RESTRICTED
BOMBING NOTES1. Types of Bombing(a) Attack bombing; flying low using machine guns, also droppingbombs.(b) Precision bombing; bombing from level flight, if possible usingbomb sight.(c) Aerial Torpedo bombing; flying low at level flight, nearingtarget, torpedo is released, it ricochets on top of water untilit strikes target.(d) Dive bombing; plane dives at 75 degree angle until bomb isreleased.(e) Pattern bombing; each plane bombs certain section of objective, sothat all planes do not bomb in same section.2. A bomb when released follows a parabolic path, the range of bomb isdetermined by altitude and speed of plane.3. A bomb when released drops 16.08 feet the first second. The rate ofspeed increases thereafter 32.16 feet per second until terminal velocityis reached.4. When released from 1000 feet a bomb required 7.9 seconds to hit theground and at 80 miles per hour has a range of approximately 929 feet.5. A bomb when released from a plane at a given ground speed will continueto go forward as it falls at approximately the same speed unless thebomb is dropped from several thousand feet altitude. The trail of thebomb behind the plane at 500 feet is only 2½ feet, meaning that for the5.61 seconds it requires for bomb to fall 500 feet the plane will onlygo 2½ feet further forward than the bomb. By converting speed of planeinto feet per second, the range of bomb can be determined by multiplyingthe feet per second the plane is traveling by the number of seconds itrequires bomb to strike the surface. To convert the speed of plane intofeet per seconds multiply ground speed of plane by 1.47. Using thisformula, a depth charge dropped from a plane going 80 M.P.H. at 100 feetwill require 2½ sec. to reach the surface. 80 x 1.47 = 117.6 feet persec. bomb is travelling forward. 117.6 x 2½ = number of feet the bombtravels forward or the range of bomb. By using altitude and the range ofbomb a triangle can be drawn to determine the dropping angle.6. If carrying depth charge and submarine is sighted, proceed at once toarea, being careful to count the seconds it requires you to reach theswirl after conning tower has disappeared. If not using watch a goodmethod is to say, one thousand and one, two thousand and two, and so onuntil you reach the bombing range of swirl. If the conning tower hasbeen under for 15 seconds the sub will have traveled forward 150 feetmaking the range 150 feet beyond the leading edge of swirl. To measurethis distance, you fly beyond bombing range of swirl for approximately1-1/3 seconds. As mentioned in paragraph 5, 80 M.P.H. equals 117.6 feetper second.7. The depth charge detonates at 25 feet below surface of water. Ifsubmarine submerging at 2 feet per second has been submerged 30 secondsit will be 60 feet below surface of water and the depth charge will notbe effective.Lt. M.P. Arnette CAPCPInstructor