25/08/13Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia » Blog Archive » Aceh, Nusantara and the Islamic Khilafah (Part One)m.hizbut-tahrir.or.id/2013/06/08/aceh-nusantara-and-the-islamic-khilafah-part-one/2/6
From the King of Al-Hind whose animal cages have one thousand elephants, (and) whose palace is made of gold and silver, who is served by the kings’ daughters, and who has two great rivers that irrigate the aloe trees, to Muawiyah ….”
The second letter was documented by Abd Rabbih (H/860-940 246-329 AD) in his compositionknown as Al-Iqd Al-Farid. The fragment of the letter was as follows:“
From the King of Kings …: who is the descendant of a thousand kings … to the King of Arabia(Umar ibn Abdul Aziz) who does not associate God with other gods. I had sent you a gift, whichwas actually not much, but it was just a sign of friendship, and I wanted you to send mesomeone who can teach me Islam, and explain to me its laws.
In addition, Farooqi found an archive of the Uthmani containing a petition from the Sultan Ala al-Din Riayat Shah to Sultan Sulayman Al-Qanuni which was brought by Huseyn Effendi. In this letter, Aceh recognized the Uthmani leadership as Khilafah Islam. In addition, the letter also contained anaccount of the Portuguese military activities which posed a big problem for the Muslim traders andthe pilgrims en route to Makkah. And that the assistance of the the Uthmani was urgently neededto save the Muslims who were being slaughtered by the infidel Farangi (Portuguese).
Sulayman Al-Qanuni H/1566 died in 974 AD. However, the petition of Aceh gained support fromSultan Selim II (974-982 H/1566-1574 AD), who issued the command to undertake a militaryexpedition to Aceh. Around September 975 H/1567 AD, Kurtoglu Hızır Reis, the Turkish Admiral inSuez, sailed to Aceh together with a number of rifle experts, soldiers and artillery. The troops wereordered to be in Aceh as long as they were required by the Sultan.
However this large fleet onlypartially reached Aceh since they were diverted during the journey to quell the uprising in Yementhat ended in 979 H/1571 AD.
According to historical records, the Turkish army who arrived in Aceh in 1566-1577 AD were only around 500 soldiers, including firearms, rifles, and technicalexperts. With this assistance, Aceh was able to strike back against the Portuguese in Malacca in1568 AD.
The presence of Kurtoglu Hızır Reis with his fleet of army was greeted with great ceremony by theMuslims of Aceh. Kurtoglu Hızır Reis was later given the title as governor (
) of Aceh,
who wasthe official delegation of khalifah posted in the area. This suggests that the relationship betweenNusantara and the Uthmani Khilafah was not only brotherly relations but also political relations of the state. The presence of the guardianship of Turkey in Aceh shows that that Aceh was anintegral part of the Khilafah Islamiyah.On the other hand, there were many Malay political institutions in the Archipelago which receivedthe title of sultan from certain rulers in the Middle East. In 1048H/1638 AD, the Mayor of Banten, Abd al-Qodir (ruled from 1037 to 1063H/1626-1651 AD) was awarded the title of Sultan by Sharif