wasactuallynot much, butit wasjust a sign of friendship, and I wantedyou to send me someonewho can teachme Islam, and explainto meitslaws.
In addition, Farooqi found anarchive oftheUthmani containing a petition from the Sultan Alaal-Din RiayatShahto Sultan Sulayman Al-Qanuniwhich wasbroughtbyHuseyn Effendi. In thisletter, Acehrecognized theUthmani leadership asKhilafah Islam. In addition, theletter alsocontainedanaccountofthe Portuguese military activitieswhichposeda big problem fortheMuslim traders andthepilgrims en route to Makkah. And thatthe assistance of thethe Uthmaniwas urgently neededto save theMuslims whowere beingslaughtered by the infidelFarangi(Portuguese).
Sulayman Al-Qanuni H/1566 died in 974 AD. However,the petitionof Aceh gainedsupportfromSultan Selim II (974-982 H/1566-1574AD),whoissuedthe commandto undertake amilitary expedition to Aceh. Around September 975 H/1567AD
, Kurtoglu Hızır Reis
, theTurkishAdmiral in Suez,sailed to Acehtogether witha number of rifleexperts, soldiers andartillery.The troops were orderedto beinAcehas long asthey wererequired by the Sultan.
Howeverthislarge fleet only partially reached Aceh sincethey werediverted during the journeyto quell the uprising in Yemen that ended in 979 H/1571AD.
According to historical records,the Turkish armywhoarrived in Aceh in 1566-1577 ADwere only around500soldiers,including firearms, rifles, and technical experts. With this assistance, Acehwas able to strikebackagainst thePortuguese in Malacca in 1568AD.
The presence of
Kurtoglu Hızır Reis with
hisfleetofarmy was greetedwith great ceremonybythe Mu
slims of Aceh. Kurtoglu Hızır Reis
waslater given the title as governor (
) of Aceh,
who wasthe official delegationof khalifah postedin the area. This suggests that the relationshipbetween Nusantara andthe UthmaniKhilafah was not onlybrotherlyrelations butalsopoliticalrelationsof the state. Thepresenceoftheguardianship of Turkey in Aceh shows that that Acehwasan integral part of the Khilafah Islamiyah.On the other hand,there weremanyMalaypolitical institutions in the Archipelagowhichreceived the title ofsultanfromcertain rulers in the Middle East. In 1048H/1638AD,theMayorof Banten, Abd al-Qodir (ruledfrom1037to1063H/1626-1651AD) was awarded the title of Sultan by Sharif of Makkah asaresult of a special missionhesent to the Holy Land. Meanwhile,the Sultanateof Aceh wasknown to have close ties with Turkish authorities and HaramaynUstmani. Likewise, Palembang and Makassar also had a special relationship with the rulerof Makkah.
At that time, the rulersof Makkahwereanintegralpart ofthe UthmaniKhilafahbasedin Turkey.Judging from the use of the terms, the Islamic sultanates of the archipelago associatedthemselvesasaninseparable part of theKhilafah. SomeJavanese classicalbooksmentioned this