Note that this continued fraction is not periodic.
is amathematical constantwhose value is theratioof anycircle's circumferenceto its diameter inEuclidean space; this is the same value as the ratio of a circle's area tothe square of its radius. It is approximately equal to 3.14159 in the usual decimal notation(see the table for its representation in some other bases). π is one of the most importantmathematical and physical constants: many formulae from mathematics,science, andengineeringinvolve π.
areintegers.Consequently, itsdecimal representationnever ends or repeats. It is also atranscendental number , which means that no finite sequenceof algebraic operations on integers (powers, roots, sums, etc.) can be equal to its value; proving this was a late achievement in mathematical history and a significant result of 19th century German mathematics. Throughout the history of mathematics, there has been much effort to determine π more accurately and to understand its nature; fascinationwith the number has even carried over into non-mathematical culture.The Greek letter π, often spelled out
in text, was adopted for the number from theGreek word for
Lower-case π is used to symbolize the constant.The name of theGreek letter πis
, and this spelling is commonly used intypographicalcontexts when the Greek letter is not available, or its usage could be problematic. It is notnormally capitalised (Π) even at the beginning of a sentence. When referring to thisconstant, the symbol π is always pronounced like "pie" inEnglish, which is theconventional English pronunciation of the Greek letter. In Greek, the name of this letter is pronounced/pi/.Theconstantis named "π" because "π" is the first letter of theGreek words περιφέρεια(periphery) and περίμετρος (perimeter), probably referring to its use in the formula tofind the circumference, or perimeter, of a circle.