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Pra Studi Kelayakan Proyek Manajemen Pengelolaan Persampahan Kota Batam

Pra Studi Kelayakan Proyek Manajemen Pengelolaan Persampahan Kota Batam

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disiapkan dalam rangka kerjasama pemerintah dan swasta dalam pengelolaan persampahan kota Batam
disiapkan dalam rangka kerjasama pemerintah dan swasta dalam pengelolaan persampahan kota Batam

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09/26/2013

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 Laporan Pra-Studi Kelayakan
Proyek Manajemen Pengelolaan PersampahanKota Batam
Tim KonsultanDesember 2012
 
 
Ringkasan .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6
 
1.
 
Latar Belakang .................................................................................................................................................................................. 18
 
1.1
 
Pendahuluan .............................................................................................................................................................................. 18
 
1.2
 
Geografi dan Iklim ...................................................................................................................................................................... 20
 
1.4
 
Kondisi Ekonomi ......................................................................................................................................................................... 21
 
1.4.1
 
Peluang Investasi di Kota Batam ......................................................................................................................................... 21
 
1.5
 
Sampah di Indonesia .................................................................................................................................................................. 22
 
2.
 
Pemangku Kepentingan dan Pengaturan Kelembagaan .................................................................................................................. 24
 
2.1
 
Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................... 24
 
2.2
 
Pengaturan Kelembagaan Batam ............................................................................................................................................... 25
 
3.
 
Kebutuhan Proyek ............................................................................................................................................................................ 27
 
3.1
 
Latar Belakang ............................................................................................................................................................................ 27
 
3.2
 
Timbulan dan Sumber Sampah .................................................................................................................................................. 27
 
3.3
 
Sistem Sampah Domestik .......................................................................................................................................................... 33
 
3.3.1
 
Pengumpulan sampah rumah tangga, pewadahan dan daur ulang dan transfer ke TPS ................................................... 34
 
3.3.2
 
Tempat Pembuangan Sementara (TPS) .............................................................................................................................. 34
 
3.2.3
 
Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA) ....................................................................................................................................... 36
 
4.
 
Studi Pasar/Analisis Permintaan ...................................................................................................................................................... 40
 
4.1
 
Situasi Saat Ini ............................................................................................................................................................................ 40
 
4.2
 
Kesediaan Membayar (Willingness-to-Pay) ............................................................................................................................... 42
 
4.2.1
 
Kesediaan Membayar Konsumen Rumah Tangga ............................................................................................................... 42
 
4.2.2
 
Kesediaan Membayar Konsumen Non-Rumah Tangga ....................................................................................................... 42
 
5.
 
Analisis Teknis .................................................................................................................................................................................. 44
 
5.1
 
Opsi Teknis ................................................................................................................................................................................. 44
 
5.1.1
 
Pendekatan ......................................................................................................................................................................... 44
 
 
 
3
5.2
 
Pengolahan Sampah Padat Kota dan Opsi Pembuangan .......................................................................................................... 47
 
Opsi 1: Status quo ............................................................................................................................................................................ 48
 
Opsi 2: Hanya landfilling
 –
upgrade untuk memenuhi standar regulasi ........................................................................................... 52
 
Opsi 3: Enhanced Landfill
 –
untuk konversi gas ke energi ............................................................................................................... 55
 
Opsi 4: Pemisahan organik dan komposting - dengan residu dibuang ke landfill............................................................................ 60
 
Opsi 5: Refuse derived fuel (RDF)/bahan bakar sampah - dengan residu dibuang ke landfill ......................................................... 64
 
Opsi 6: Pemisahan organik dan digesti anaerobik untuk pembangkit listrik - dengan residu dibuang ke landfill ........................... 70
 
Opsi 7: Konversi sampah ke energi dasar (waste to energy/WTE) - dengan abu dan sampah yang melampaui kapasitas instalasidibuang ke landfill ............................................................................................................................................................................ 76
 
Opsi 8: Pemisahan sampah secara mekanis dilanjutkan dengan komposting dan WTE - dengan landfilling sampah yang melebihikapasitas instalasi dan abu .............................................................................................................................................................. 82
 
Opsi 9: Pemisahan mekanis dan pengeringan biologis fraksi organik basah, dilanjutkan dengan WTE - dengan abu dan sampahyang melebihi kapasitas instalasi dibuang ke landfill....................................................................................................................... 88
 
Opsi 10: Pemisahan mekanis dan pengeringan biologis sampah organik basah diikuti dengan gasifikasi atau pirolisis untukmenciptakan syngas - dengan arang, residu pembersih gas dan sampah yang melebihi kapasitas instalasi dibuang ke landfill ... 93
 
5.3
Perbandingan dan Pemilihan Opsi
............................................................................................................................... 101
 
5.3.1
 
Pendekatan ....................................................................................................................................................................... 101
 
5.3.2
 
Kapasitas Landfill ............................................................................................................................................................... 102
 
5.3.3
 
Opsi yang Menarik bagi Sektor Swasta ............................................................................................................................. 103
 
5.3.4
 
Keterjangkauan ................................................................................................................................................................. 104
 
5.3.5
 
Manfaat Lingkungan.......................................................................................................................................................... 107
 
5.3.6
 
Ringkasan Berdasarkan KPI ............................................................................................................................................... 108
 
5.3.7
 
Lembar Evaluasi Perbandingan Opsi ................................................................................................................................. 109
 
5.4
 
Kesimpulan dan Rekomendasi ................................................................................................................................................. 110
 
6.
 
Ketersediaan Sumber Daya dan Regulasi ....................................................................................................................................... 110
 
6.1
 
Status Kepemilikan Lahan ........................................................................................................................................................ 111
 
6.2
 
Transfer Lahan ......................................................................................................................................................................... 111
 

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