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mulitplication_quicktricks

# mulitplication_quicktricks

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Published by: thiraj on Jun 10, 2009
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Math:
Quick Tricks for Multiplication
Name: _____________________________________________________
1
©2005abcteach.com
Quick Tricks for Multiplication
Why multiply?A computer can multiply thousands of numbers in less thana second. A human is lucky to multiply two numbers in less thana minute. So we tend to have computers do our math.But you should still know how to do math on paper, or evenin your head
.
For one thing, you have to know a little math evento use a calculator. Besides, daily life tosses plenty of mathproblems your way. Do you really want to haul out Trusty Buttonsevery time you go shopping?Of course, normal multiplication can get boring. Here's thesecret:
shortcuts
. You might think of numbers as a dreary linefrom 0 to forever. Numbers do go on forever, but you can alsothink of them as
cycles
. Ten ones make 10. Ten tens make 100.Ten hundreds make 1000.If numbers were just a straight highway, there'd be noshortcuts. But they're more like a winding road. If you know yourway around, you can cut across the grass and save lots of time.
Multiply by 10: Just add 0
The easiest number to multiply by is 10. Just “add 0.”3 x 10 = 3
0
140 x 10 = 140
0
Isn't that easy? This “trick” is really just using our numbersystem.
3
means “3 ones.” Move 3 once to the left and you get
30
,

which means, “3 tens.” See how our numbers cycle in tens?Whenever you move the digits once to the left, that's the same asmultiplying by 10.And that's the quick way to multiply by 10.
Move each digitonce to the left. Fill the last place with a 0.
Easy.

Math:
Quick Tricks for Multiplication
Name: _____________________________________________________
2
©2005abcteach.com
Exercise A:
1. Give two reasons to get good at doing math in your head.2. Give two situations where you might need or want to domath in your head, not with a calculator.3. Explain the quick way to multiply by ten.4. Solve these problems without using a calculator.a. 4 x 10b. 15 x 10c. 400 x 10d. 23 x 10e. 117 x 10

Math:
Quick Tricks for Multiplication
Name: _____________________________________________________
3
©2005abcteach.com
Multiply by 9: It All Adds Up to 9
Have you ever heard of the
Amazing Facts of Nine?
Let'stake a look.2 x 9 =
18

1
+
8
= 93 x 9 =
27

2
+
7
= 94 x 9 =
36

3
+
6
= 95 x 9 =
45

4
+
5
= 96 x 9 =
54

5
+
4
= 97 x 9 =
63

6
+
3
= 98 x 9 =
72

7
+
2
= 99 x 9 =
81

8
+
1
= 9See the pattern? When we multiply a single-digit numbertimes 9:- The tens digit is
one less
than our
original
number.- The
tens
digit
plus
the
ones
digit
equals nine
!This makes it easy to multiply any single digit times 9.Suppose you want to multiply 5 times 9. First,
subtract 1 fromthe original number to get the tens digit.
5 - 1 =
4
tens digit of answerThen
subtract this tens digit from 9 to get the ones digit.
9 - 4 =
5
ones digit of answerSo the answer is
45
. Let's double check. Do the digits addup to 9?4 + 5 =
9
Yes! Isn't this a great trick?Remember, it only works for single digits. Don't try it on13 x 9 or 6,425 x 9!

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