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Naval Nonlethal

Naval Nonlethal

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Published by Hutch Rev Oliver
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Published by: Hutch Rev Oliver on Aug 25, 2013
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08/26/2013

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REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed,and completing and reviewing this collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports (0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware thatnotwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number.
PLEASE DO NOT RETURNYOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS.
 
1. REPORT DATE
(DD-MM-YYYY)
 
10-05-2007
2. REPORT TYPE
 
FINAL
3. DATES COVERED
(From - To)
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER
Non-Lethal Weapons: Considerations for the Joint ForceCommander
5b. GRANT NUMBER5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER
6. AUTHOR(S)
5d. PROJECT NUMBER
 Jeffrey W. Voetberg, Major, United States Air Force
5e. TASK NUMBER
Paper Advisor (if Any):
 
WilliamHartig, Colonel, USMC
 
5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER
 
7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORTNUMBER
 
Joint Military Operations Department Naval War College686 Cushing Road  Newport, RI 02841-1207
9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
 
10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S)
 
11. SPONSOR/MONITOR'S REPORTNUMBER(S)
 
12. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT
Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited.
13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
 A paper submitted to the faculty of the NWC in partial satisfaction of therequirements of the JMO Department. The contents of this paper reflect my own personal viewsand are not necessarily endorsed by the NWC or the Department of the Navy.
14. ABSTRACT
 The allure of non-lethal weapons has continued to grow, and will only accelerate asthe United States continues to confront complex irregular combat scenarios, oftenin urban environments. Despite their promise, numerous concerns about theirdevelopment and use have been raised by persons both in and out of the military.While all the concerns deserve consideration, this paper discusses the issuesraised primarily by those outside the military. The concerns raised need to beaddressed by everyone in the non-lethal weapons community, fromthe most seniorpolicy-makers to the most junior soldier employing them. This paper focuses onwhat the operational commander can do to attend to potential complaints againstnon-lethal weapons. It is the thesis of this paper that properly crafted Rules oEngagement are one tool that the operational commander can use. General guidelinesfor use when developing Rules of Engagement are offered to minimize the concernsraised and help ensure the legitimacy of both the weapons employed and the UnitedStates.
15. SUBJECT TERMS
 Non-Lethal Weapons (NLW), Rules of Engagement (ROE), International Law
16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATIONOF ABSTRACT18. NUMBEROF PAGES19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON
 Chairman, JMO Dept
a. REPORT
UNCLASSIFIED
b. ABSTRACT
 UNCLASSIFIED
c. THIS PAGE
 
UNCLASSIFIED24
19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER
(include areacode)
 
401-841-3556
 
Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98)
 
 
 ii
 NAVAL WAR COLLEGE
 
Newport, R.I.
 
NON-LETHAL WEAPONS: CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE JOINT FORCECOMMANDERbyJeffrey W. VoetbergMajor, United States Air ForceA paper submitted to the Faculty of the Naval War College in partial satisfaction of therequirements of the Department of Joint Military Operations.The contents of this paper reflect my own personal views and are not necessarily endorsedby the Naval War College or the Department of the Navy.Signature: __________________________10 May 2007
 
 iii 
Contents
Introduction............................................................................................................................1Categories of Non-Lethal Weapons.......................................................................................2 Non-Lethal Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict..........................................................3Objections to the Use of NLWs.............................................................................................5Developing Rules of Engagement for Non-Lethal Weapons................................................9Humanity.............................................................................................................................9Weaken Legal and Treaty Constraints................................................................................12Arms Race...........................................................................................................................13Potential for Misuse............................................................................................................14Lower Restraint on the Use of Force..................................................................................16Conclusion.............................................................................................................................17Appendix................................................................................................................................18Selected Bibliography............................................................................................................20

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