A presumptive diagnosis may be made on signs, lesions, identification of the bacteria in aGram-stained smear from sinus. Confirmation is by isolation and identification - requiresX (Haematin) and V (NAD) factors, preferably in raised CO
such as a candle jar.Serology: HI, DID, agglutination and IF have all been used but are not routine.Differentiate from Mycoplasmosis, respiratory viruses, chronic or localised pasteurellosisand vitamin A deficiency.
Streptomycin, Dihydrostreptomycin, sulphonamides, tylosin, erythromycin.Flouroquinolones are bactericidal and might prevent carriers.
Stock coryza-free birds on an all-in/all-out production policy. Bacterin at intervals if history justifies or if multi-age; at least two doses are required. Commercial bacterinsmay not fully protect against all field strains but reduce the severity of reactions. Liveattenutated strains have been used but are more risky. Controlled exposure has also been practised.Vaccines are used in areas of high incidence. Birds recovered from challenge of one sero-type are resistant to others, while bacterins only protect against homologous strains
Mainly in warm and tropical / sub-tropical climates.
Gram negative, non-motile bacterium- Hemophilus gallinarum.
The organism gives off a strong odour of rotten eggs. Symptoms include wateryeyes, facial oedema, diarrhoea, anorexia, and there may be a high cull rate (20%). Nasaldischarge, swollen infraorbital sinus, laboured breathing, drop in egg production and poor shell quality can also occur.
Infectious coryza affects chickens of 15-30 weeks. It is more common in tropical humidareas and where multi-age pullet farms are kept. Coryza means head cold.The causative agent, Hemophilus gallinarum is a gram-negative, polar-staining, non-motile bacterium and appears as short rods or coccobacilli.