Boko Haram, Brutal Violence in Northern Nigeria
by Frank Kaufmann, 08/26/13Page 2
any number of religious, moral, and ethical prohibitions. The term Boko is lessclear. Since the group has now also adopted the all Arabic name Jamā'at ahl as-sunnah li-d-da'wa wa-l-jihād, meaning the Congregation of the People of Traditionfor Proselytism and Jihad, the commonly presumed translation for the group’sname Boko Haram is “Western Education is Forbidden,” butHausa speakers
.It is accurate to identify Boko Haram as Islamist, as its self-expressed purposesinvolve the establishment of a Taliban-like Sharia state, but it is mixed in its makeup and sources of extreme violence. It is anti-government having for example,bombed the United Nations (UN) House in Abuja and other government ownedstructures. It has non-Muslims as its members, and has attacked prominentMuslims, mosques, and has killed Islamic religious leaders.Boko Haram violence is acute, and should function as a bellwether for anemerging center of instability and breeding ground of extreme militant purposeand organization. The massive destabilization of the region was greatly exacerbated by the US andBritish led invasion of Libya.