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The Ukrainian Weekly 1985-03

The Ukrainian Weekly 1985-03



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www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com

www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com

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Published by: The Ukrainian Weekly on Jun 11, 2009
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Published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc.,
fraternal non-profit association!
rainian Weekly
Vol. LlllNo.3
in Ukraine: an
100 young Catholics
protest demolition
Ukrainian monastery
by Ivan Hvat
At the beginning of
UkrainianCatholics (Uniates) in western Ukrainebegan their own samvydav publication,the Chronicle of the Catholic Church inthe Ukraine.The first three issues
appeared inthe Arkhiv Samizdata series of RadioLiberty, while the texts of issues Nos. 7and 8 are in the hands of the Glaube inder zweiten Welt Institute inSwitzerland. They have been publishedin Ukrainian in the journal Visti zRymu.The Chronicle is published by theAction Group for the Defense of theRights of Believers and the Church,which was set up on September
1982.In view of the systematic destructionof the human-rights movement inUkraine over the last 12 years, it mightbe thought that the appearance of theChronicle of the Catholic Church in theUkraine in Ukrainian samvydav carrieas something of a surprise, but this isnot really'
Of late, the religious andhuman-Zights activities of Catholics inwestern Ukraine have been stepped upconsiderably. As early as 1982,spokesmen for this movement made itknown that samvydav materials aboutthe situation of the Catholic Church inthe Ukraine were being prepared for. transmission to the West.Years of abortive demands by""believers that the authorities in Ukrainelegalize the activities of the UkrainianCatholic Church in western Ukraine^L-`brpught about the emergence of an| organized human-rights movementО among believers. It was probably inearly 1982 that the Central Committeeof Ukrainian Catholics was formed andYosyf Terelia was elected its chairman.On September 9, 1982, the ActionGroup for the Defense of the Rights ofBelievers and the Church was set up.
Response to repression
In a statement about the formation ofthe Action Group addressed to theCentral Committee of the CommunistParty of the Ukraine, Mr. Terelia wrote:"This was the response of UkrainianCatholics to increasing repressionagainst our Church. From now on allinformation about the UkrainianCatholic Church will be passed on forscrutiny by the world public. TheCatholics of the world should know andremember in what conditions
exist."Against this background, theappearance of the Chronicle of theUkrainian Catholic Church comes as nosurprise but represents a logicaldevelopment in the circumstances.The contents of the first three issuesof the Chronicle are very varied. Mostof the material deals with the life ofbelievers - Catholics, Orthodox,Baptists, Pentecostals, Jehovah'sWitnesses and Seventh Day Adventists.The Chronicle describes the activities ofthese believers in Ukraine, givesaccounts of repressive measures takenagainst them, and names the camps orpsychiatric hospitals in whichindividual believers are confined.The journal devotes considerableattention to the socio-political situationin Ukraine. Thus, in the second issuethere is a report on the situation ofRumanians in the TranscarpathianOblast. If a Rumanian born in theTranscarpathian Ukraine moves toMoldavia, "they alter his passport and write in 'Moldavian.' "The text is also given of a jointdeclaration of a Rumanian revivalgroup and the Ukrainian NationalFront declaring that they will "togetherwrest our freedom from under the heelof Moscow."The second issue of the Chroniclealso describes;the wretched conditionsunder which gypsies live inTranscarpathian Ukraine, where thepolice refer to them derisively as "theRed Indians of Transcarpathia."
caseOne interesting item concerns theSwedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg,who disappeared during the occupationof Budapest by the Red Army inJanuary 1945. According to A.Bogdanas, a Lithuanian Catholic whoserved with the German Army and wasarrested by Soviet counterintelligencein 1945, Mr. Wallenberg wastransferred from a camp in the Norilskarea to a Kazan psychiatric hospital afterStalin's death. The last time Bogdanassaw Wallenberg was in 1962.The Chronicle reports anintensification of the campaign toextend the study of the Russianlanguage in the schools ofTranscarpathian Ukraine and alsomentions the arrests of Ukrainianofficers in the Transcarpathian MilitaryDistrict for alleged participation in anattempt on the life of the late USSRMinister of Defense Dmitri Ustinov.The third issue of the Chroniclecontains the text of a letter from YosyfTerelia to Lech Walesa in which hepraises "the steadfastness and courageof the leaders of the workers' movementand the Catholic Church in Poland." Hegoes on to write"^ftce"we have chosen to fight, itmeans that
have chosen the good. Todo good is no easy thing; first, it meansovercoming the egoism in oneself andfollowing the teachings of Jesus
loveeverybody and respect and defend one'sown. Second, it means the solidarity ofall Christians. A solidarity that thepresent rulers in Moscow fear so much."Most of
information contained inthe Chronicle relates to the lives of
2)JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Some 100young Ukrainian Catholic believersmarched to protest the demolition of aformer monastery in Borynia in theCarpathian mountain region, accordingto U.S. government sources.Although details of the incidentremain very sketchy, the sources saidthat the demonstration, which tookplace in June, apparently caused localauthorities to temporarily stop razingthe structure.The monastery had been closed forsome time, the sources said, and all thereligious objects and icons had beenremoved. There was no informationabout arrests or other actions during theactual protest.Sources also reported that a formermonastery in the Lviv oblast had beenconverted to a museum of atheism, butno other information such as when or inwhat town this occurred was provided.Of late, more information has become available about thecontinuedpersecution of the Ukrainian CatholicChurch, which has been functioningunderground since 1946. when it wasillegally united with the Russian Orthodox Church by an unsanctioned synodstaged by Communist authorities.НИШШ
146-unit seniors' residence opened
WARREN, Mich. - The 146-unitsenior citizens residence known as theUkrainian Village was officially openedhere with a gala grand opening at thecomplex's activities center on Saturday.December 15, and with a blessing andopen house reception the following day.An enthusiastic capacity throng ofmore than 200 people provided thebackdrop for a grand opening held atthe activities center on Saturdayevening. Such remarks as "country clubsetting," "looks like a UkrainianHilton" and "classy" reflected theatmosphere of incoming guests. Christmas trees and yuletide adornmentstastefully embellished the spaciouslobby, and a spirit of brotherhood andjoy dominated the scene. With AndrewStasiw at the keyboards providingUkrainian music and carols, guests weretreated to a delightful hospitality tableprepared by chapters 58,80, and
of theUkrainian National Womens League ofAmerica, Detroit Regional Council. At7 p.m., the lobby doors were opened tothe Activities Center and guests hadtheir first glimpse of a stylish banquethall.(Continued on page 10)
The Ukrainian VMage seniors' residence in Warren^ Mfch.
Details revealed of caseagainst Vladimir Poresh
MUNICH - Details have emergedabout the case of Russian Orthodoxactivist Vladimir Poresh, who lastOctober became the first knownpolitical prisoner to have his sentenceextended under a new Soviet law,reported USSR News Brief here.Mr. Poresh, a 34-year-old historian,was just one day short of completing afive-year labor camp term and beginserving three years in exile when he wajarrested last September in labor camp
35 near Perm. He was moved toChistopol Prison and charged withArticle 188-3 of the Russian SFSRCriminal Code, "malicious violation ofthe regime of detention in a correctivelabor institution."The law, which was adopted inOctober 1983, gives camp authoritieswhat amounts to arbitrary power toextend the terms of prisonersconsidered troublesome, and appearsintended to discourage dissidents fromcarrying on their activities in penalinstitutions.According to USSR News
Mr.Poresh was charged with four specificcounts. Hewasaccused of tossinganotefrom one exercise yard to another, butthe contents of the note were neverpresented in court. He was also accusedof refusing to go to work to protest thebeating of political prisoner SergeiGrigoriants.The other two counts involvedallegedly insulting the administrationand falsely claiming that a fellowprisoner had been beaten by campauthorities.Mr. Poresh, who maintained hisinnocence throughout the two-and-a-LONDON - A Russian Orthodoxmonk from Ukraine was due to go ontrial last month in Moscow on chargeshe violated "internal passportregulations," according to K,estonCollege, which monitors abuses ofreligion around the globe.The Rev. Pavlo Lysakh, who wasarrested August 9, faced a maximumpenalty of one year's imprisonment. Hewas being held in Moscow's ButyrskayaPrison.Born in Ukraine, the Rev. Lysakhstudied theology at the Odessa andZagorsk Orthodox seminaries aftercompleting school and a tour in themilitary. Assigned to Moscow, he soonran afoul of officials because he was
Peace group memberdetained
MOSCOW - Alexander Rub-chenko, a member of an unofficialSoviet peace group, was detained forthree hours by police in Moscow lastmonth, according to dissident sources.USSR News
published inMunich, reported that Mr. Rubchenko,a member of the Group to EstablishTrust Between the U.S.A. and theUSSR, was searched, and policeconfiscated notes with names andaddresses of foreign peace activists aswell as information on activities of thegroup.The group was formed in June 1982in order to promote better Soviet-U.S.relations and to work for nucleardisarmament, but since its inceptionmembers have been either arrested,harassed or expelled from the country.Vladimir Poreshhalf-hour trial, insisted that he neverviolated the camp regimen and thatcamp officials were pressured intobringing a case against him by outsideauthorities.He said Article 188-3 represented areturn to Stalinist times.The procurator asked that the courtsentence Mr. Poresh to four years in alabor camp, but the judge handed downa three-year term. Under the law, Mr.Poresh could have been sentenced tofive years. In addition, he was orderedto serve out the one day in a labor campleft from his previous term and the threeyears in internal exile.especially popular with the faithful. Hewas eventually banished to the town ofKimry in the Kalinin region some 85miles north of Moscow.The Rev. Lysakh was arrested on oneof his frequent visits to the Sovietcapital, K,eston reported.According to information received byKeston, the priest has been arrested atleast once before, but the date andoutcome of that case are not known.
Soviets changefighting tactics
LONDON - The Soviet Union hassent home about one-fourth of theestimated 100,04)0 men it sent intoAfghanistan in
and has changed itsfighting tactics to avoid a Vietnam-stylewar, Jane's Defence Weekly reportedon Tuesday, January 8.Even so, the report said, Sovietsoldiers, including some 52,000 combattroops, face "many more Afghanwinters" fighting an estimated 90,000Afghan insurgents.Soviet operations have beenhampered by poorly trained soldiers,disease, low morale, and drug andalcohol abuse, the report said.Meanwhile, the Washington Postreported on January
that the CentralIntelligence Agency's aid to insurgentsfighting the Soviet occupation hasincreased to S250 million.The Post said the expenditure, triplethe amount initially requested by theReagan administration, representsmore than 80 percent of the CIA'sannual payments for covert operations.
- ' ' ` -
(Continued from page 1)members of the banned UkrainianCatholic Church. Official Sovietsources do not conceal the fact that theactivity of
Church has not ceased inthe western oblasts of Ukraine. Indeed,it has gained strength,, and the campaignof the state authorities againstUkrainian Catholics has also beenstepped up, particularly since theelection of Polish Cardinal Wojtyla ashead of the Roman Catholic Church.Increased resistanceOn the basis of the contents of theChronicle, it can be stated withoutexaggeration that the resistance of theUkrainian Catholics to persecution hasstiffened and taken some unusualforms.The first issue of the Chronicle,for example, reports:"520 Ukrainian Catholics burnedtheir passports and refused to have anycontacts with the authorities.Considering the regime to be hostile toChristianity and evil in the eyes of God.they resolved to accept all the tormentsof the persecuted just to avoid havinganything to do with atheists. For twomonths the authorities did not knowwhat to do, but at the end of February(1984) the repressions began."This form of protest againstpersecution is continuing. The thirdissue of
Chronicle, dated May, 1984,reports:"In the Transcarpathian Oblastalone, more than 290 persons havesurrendered their passports...In westernUkraine as a whole, about 920 passportshave been given up since January 2 ofthis year."Mr. Terelia is of the opinion that thisspontaneous movement will continue.He writes:"We are persecuted and deprived ofour rights. They have taken everythingfrom us: our Church and oureducational establishments. We areconstantly hounded; we exist for thestate only as a work force inconcentration camps. In this situation,what are the use of Soviet passports tous? After all, people are put in Sovietconcentration camps withoutpassports."Uniate RepentantsIn reporting the arrests andconvictions of two Ukrainian Catholicpriests, the 71-year-old AntonPotochniak (arrested in October 1983)and the 69-year-old Ignatiy Soltis(arrested in January 1981), and theconfinement of the priest SemenSkalich, the Chronicle touches on amovement among Ukrainian Catholicsin western Ukraine of which little isknown in the West: the UniateRepentants (pokutnyky), or "Neo-Uniates." The Uniate Repentantsbelieve that they must do penance "forthe misfortunes of Ukraine, refuse towork for the slate if that state is notUkrainian, throw away theirdocuments, and so forth."The Uniate Repentants movementcame into being at the end of
in thevillage of Seredneye in the KalushRaion of the lvano-Frankivske Oblast.The Repentants claim that the VirginMary appeared near the village onDecember 20, 1954. (It should be recalled that on December 22. 1954 theCatholic Church observed the centenary of the proclamation of
dogmaof the Immaculate Conception of theVirgin Mary.)Leaving aside the views of Catholictheology on this question, it should beborne in mind that during the Sovietperiod rumors of various mircales hadcirculated among believers in Ukraineeven earlier, particularly in the 1920s.As a reaction to the effects of therevolution and the civil war and to the(Continued on page 12)
Ukrainian Weekly
Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., anon-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302(The Ukrainian Weekly - USPS 570-870)Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.The Weekly and Svoboda: UNA:
(201) 434-0237, 434-0807, 434-3036 (201) 451-2200
Yearly subscription rate: J8, UNA members - S5.Postmaster, send address changes to:
Editor Roma Hadzewycz
Associate editor George Bohdan Zarycky
Assistant editor: Natalia Dmytrijuk
Jersey City, N.J. 07303
Repentants' leader dies
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The Rev.Anton Potochniak, a leader of alittle-known Ukrainian Catholic(Uniate) sect called "pokutnyky"(repentants), died in a Soviet laborcamp last May 29, according torecent information from the SovietUnion.The 72-year-old priest had beenarrested, reportedly for the fifth time,in October
Sources did not givea cause of death or where the Rev.Potochniak was imprisoned.Not much is known in the Westabout the "pokutnyky," also calledthe Uniate Repentants. According tothe underground Chronicle of theCatholic Church in Ukraine,copies of which have only recentlyreached the West, the "pokutnyky"believe that they must do penance"for the misfortunes of Ukraine,"and they "refuse to work for the stateif that state is not Ukrainian, throwaway their documents and so forth."The movement reportedly beganin 1954 in the village of Seredneye inthe Kalush Raion of the lvano-Frankivske Olbast. The "pokutnyky"claim that the Virgin Mary appearednear the village on December 20.
According to Soviet sources,
the1960s the activities of the sect spreadto three oblasts in western Ukraine,but thereis no reliable estimate as tohow many "pokutnyky" there really
Russian Orthodox monk to stand trial
for the release
human-rights activists Mykola Horbai and Yosyf Zisels
The increase in repression, the persecution of Ukrainian human-rightsactivists in Ukraine and the tragic circumstances under which Ukrainianpatriots die in large numbers in Soviet prisons and concentration camps,compels the Ukrainian Canadian Committee to appeal to the Ukrainiancommunity in Canada to join
"Appeal of Human Rights Committee" of theWorld Congress of Free Ukrainians in its action that the Soviet authoritiesrelease two human-rights activists in Ukraine
Mykola Horbai and YosyfZisels.The campaign for the release of these two political prisoners was begun byPavlo Stokotelnyj, a recent immigrant from Ukraine and the husband of thewell-known Ukrainian human-rights activist Nadia Svitlychna.On November 1, 1984, Pavlo Stokotelyj began a hunger-strike in front ofthe United Nations in New York to protest against the Soviet authorities'refusal to release his friends: Ukrainian political prisoner, member of theUkrainian Helsinki Group Mykola Horbai, who
still detained, even thoughhe has completed his sentence, and the arrest of another member of theUkrainian Helsinki Group, Yosyf Zisels.Pavlo Stokotelnyj started his hunger-strike with the intention of carrying^on as long as possible, or until there were positive results for his comrades.After a few days of fasting the doctors diagnosing the condition of his healthfound that his organism could not withstand the strain and thatthechangestaking' place in his body would result in his death. To stop the physicaldeterioration he was advised to enter a hospital. At that time the UnitedStates representative to the United Nations intervened, assuring him that hewould do everything possible for
release of
two human-rights activists,also assuring him that the Ukrainian community of America would join in therelease activity.The action for the release of Mykola Horbai and Yosyf Zisels begun byStokotelnyj was joined by Amnesty International, Freedom, House andAmericans for Human Rights in Ukraine.For the information of the Canadian community,
provide the followingbrief biographical sketches of Mykola Horbai and Yosyf Zisels:" Mykola Horbai, Ukrainian poet and composer, was first arrested forwriting the poem "Thought" in 1970. He was charged with and sentenced for"Ukrainian bourgeois nationalism." After serving seven years ofincarceration he returned to Ukraine, married and established his residence inKiev. Mr. Horbai was forbidden to pursue his profession, he was underconstant KGB surveillance, hounded and victimized. In 1979 he became amember of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group and in a short while was rearrested.Having no legal grounds for
arrest, false charges were laid against him. Hewas sentenced to five years' incarceration, which he completed in October
H owever, two days before his release, additional accusations were madeagainst him, and, is still awaiting the results of the investigation for evidence.One realizes that the fate awaiting Mr. Horbai is similar to that of other"permanent" prisoners like Yuriy Shukhevych, and now deceased OleksiyTykhy and Valeriy Marchenko, as well as Yuriy Lytvyn and dozens of otherUkrainian prisoners of conscience whom the Soviet authorities decided toexterminate through constant physical abuse and maltreatment in prisons,concentration camps and psychiatric institutions." Yosyf Zis'els, numan-rights activist from Chernivtsi, member of theUkrainian Helsinki Group, was collecting evidence on theabuse of psychiatryin. western Ukraine and the committing of human-rights activists topsychiatric institutions for abusive treatment. Zisels was arrested in 1976and sentenced to three years'incarceration. Upon completion of the term hereturned to Chernivtsi to his wife and young son. On October 19, 1984, Mr.Zisels was arrested a second time without any charges being proferred againsthim. On the day of his arrest searches were made of the residences in thedistrict, including the Zisels residence. Outside of confiscating some booksnothing else was taken. Mr. Zisels`s wife, Irene, is expecting their secondchild.The Ukrainian Canadian Committee appeals to the Ukrainian Canadiancommunity to participate in the action started by Pavlo Stokotelnyj for therelease of Mykola Horbai and Yosyf Zisels.
First, write a letter to your member of Parliament, if possible speak tohim personally and ask him to speak to Minister for Foreign Affairs JoeClark.
If you cannot do it
get someone to write a letter to the editor
your local newspaper.
Write a letter to Mr. Joe Clark, the secretary of state for external affairs,the House of Commons.
Send copies of your letters or write individual letters to: The Rt. Hon.Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada, House of Commons, Ottawa,Ont.; The Rt. Hon. John Turner, Leader of the Opposition, House ofCommons, Ottawa, Ont.; and Mr. Ed Broadbent, Leader of NDParty,House of Commons, Ottawa, Ont.;Remember that the person nearest to you is your member of Parliamentand you should make it a point to contact him/her first. Your member ofParliament must listen to you — he is supposed to look after your interestsand concerns.(No postage is required on letters mailed to the House of Commons inOttawa.)Ukrainian Canadian CommitteeNational HeadquartersWinnipeg
Reagan remembers Solidarity Day;TUSM members hold demonstrations
NEW YORK - On January 12,President Ronald Reagan joined incommemorating the Day of Solidaritywith Ukrai nian Political Prisoners. In atelegram to the Ukrairlian StudentAssociation of Mykola Michnowsky,he expressed his support for
cause ofUkrainian prisoners, such as YuriyShukhevych, who languish in Sovietprisons and concentration camps.The Ukrainian Student Associationof Mykola Michnowsky (TUSM)undertook a series of protest actionsnationwide to focus on the plight ofUkrainian political prisoners.In New York City, six TUSM members who sang the Ukrainian nationalanthem outside the Soviet Mission tothe United Nations were arrested andcharged with disorderly conduct andunnecessary noise after Soviet authorities filed an official complaint. The sixare to appear in court on February 15.In Cleveland, TUSM members conducted a 24-hour silent vigil and hungerstrike. The city's mayor, George Voino-vich, proclaimed the Day of Solidaritywith Ukrainian Political Prisoners.In his telegram message to TUSMnational president Peter Shmigel, President Ronald Reagan stated the following:"I am pleased tojoin with members ofthe Ukrainian Student Association incommemorating this Day of Solidaritywith Ukrainian Political Prisoners."This occasion is a reminder of theUkrainian prisoners' of consciencedevotion to the noblest aspirations ofthe human spirit: the desire for freedom and the resistance to the imposition of inhumane political ideas andsystems. The valor, dignity and dedication Ukrainian prisoners havedisplayedin the pursuit of freedom, prisonerssuch as Yuriy Shukhevych, reaffirm ourconfidence in the ultimate triumph ofthe free human spirit over tyranny. Thebrave political prisoners of the Ukrainewill remain a source of inspiration forgenerations to come."
Connecticut AHRUprotests deaths
NEW HAVEN, Conn. - Uponreceiving news of the death ofUkrainian prisoner of conscious ValeriyMarchenko, the Connecticut branch ofAmericans for Human Rights inUkraine (AHRU) sent appropriateletters of protest to Soviet AmbassadorAnatoly Dobrynin and SovietChairman Konstanlin Chernenko.Copies of Rep. Bruce Morrison's (D-(Continued on page 6)affairs, including a biography of Stalinand "The Red Decade: The StalinistPenetration of America."In 1939, he became editor of TheAmerican Mercury, remaining in thatposition until 1944. Under hiseditorship, The American Mercurytook a strongly anti-Soviet stance andcriticized America's alliance with theSoviet Union during World War II.With the end of the war, Mr. Lyonsbecame a roving editor at Reader'sDigest, and in 1953 was appointed asenior editor at the magazine, a post heheld until his retirement in the mid-1970s.Mr. Lyons is survived by three sistersand two grandchildren.
Eugene Lyons, journalist among firstto report Great Famine, dies
NEW YORK - Eugene Lyons, oneof the first Western journalists to reportaccurately on the Great Famine inUkraine (1932-33), died here at hishome in Manhattan on January 7. Hewas 86.Born in Uzlian, Russia, Mr. Lyonscame with his family to the UnitedStates as a child and settled on NewYork's Lower East Side. As a youngman, he was an ardent supporter of theBolshevik Revolution, serving as theUnited States correspondent of theofficial Soviet news agency TASS from
to 1927.In 1928, he went to Moscow as acorrespondent for United Press and in1930 became the first foreigncorrespondent to obtain an interviewwith Stalin after his rise to power.But the six years Mr. Lyons spent inthe Soviet Union led to hisdisillusionment with comjnunism, andon his return to the United States in1934 he wrote a ringmgjdenunciation ofthe Soviet system in`y. the book"Assignment in Utopia."The book contained severalreferences to the Ukrainian famine,which resulted from Moscow's decisionto confiscate grain and foodstuffs fromthe rural population in order to endpeasant resistance to collectivization,check Ukrainian nationalism and raisecapital for Stalin's rapid industrialization policies.In all, an estimated 7 million peopledied during the famine."Years after the event," wrote Mr.Lyons in 1937, "when no RussianCommunist in his senses any longerconcealed the magnitude of
famine,me question of whether there had been afamine at all was still being disputed inthe outside world."Although Mr. Lyons never returnedto the Soviet Union, it dominated hiswork during most of the rest of hiscareer. He published several morebooks on Soviet and Communist
Wall Street Journalrecalls
NEW YORK - The Kremlin'scomplicity in the Great Famine inUkraine (1932-33), which killed anestimated 7 million people, was citedas an example of hunger as a politicalweapon in a January 10 editorial inthe Wall Street Journal titled"Murder by Hunger."The editorial, which focused on`famine as a weapon in Ethiopian,Marxist government's war againstrebellions, said the use of starvationas a means of repression can be,traced to Stalin's policies in Soviet-occupied eastern Ukraine, . і"We've seen the RSUern in.Afghanistan and СатЬбщ^ JheJournal said. "One can 'trjiqerit
Stalin's man-made Ufctfainjan faminein 1932-33. Ifthe-So`trol a people, theyftstarve, helping
efgjBeer^lJy`l^bombingcrops,-artrigtі пдиКеі-aad'
I II I 'irftiii

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