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The Ukrainian Weekly 1982-28

The Ukrainian Weekly 1982-28

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www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com

www.ukrweekly.com The Ukrainian Weekly was founded in 1933 to serve the Ukrainian American community and to function as a vehicle for communication of that community's concerns to the general public in the United States. Today the English-language newspaper publishes news about Ukraine and Ukrainians around the world; its readership, though mostly North American, is worldwide. The Ukrainian Weekly's editorial offices are in Parsippany, NJ; a full-time press bureau is located in Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. It is published by the Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit life insurance society, based in Parsippany, NJ. Read more at www.ukrweekly.com

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Published by: The Ukrainian Weekly on Jun 12, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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by the
Ukrainian National Association
fratamal non-profit association!
making news
by Roma Sochan HadzewyczJERSEY CITY, N.J. - As millions of moviegoers across the country have learned, E.T. is a somewhatstrange-looking, grey-green, amphibian-like creature who finds himselfstranded on Earth some 3 millionlight years away from home.Few of them, however, know thatthe very human quality E.T. possesses
is due
to a 45-pound,2-f oot-10-inchdwarf named Pat Bilon. ^nd, thatthis unknown star is Ukrainian.
you read that correctly.The Weekly learned the true identity of the title character of StevenSpielberg's blockbuster movie, "E.T.-
Extra-Terrestrial,"on Friday,July 2The story of how The Weeldylearned this information is almost asremarkable as the story
It began as any normal Fridaywould. The Weekly (July 4
wasfresh off the presses, and we, theeditors, were searching for our deskssomewhere beneath those piles ofpapers that had accumulated duringthe routinely hectic week. It was thestaffs traditional "day of rest "-atime to catch up on reading andprepare for that always-busy Monday morning.In walked a middle-aged couple -LtJC'ers (members of the League ofUkrainian "Catholics)by the look ofthe booklets they carried. The woman acted as spokesperson."Our son is E.T.,"ehe calmly saidto this writer.My astonished look must haveresembled ignorance."You've heard of the movie?" sheasked.
I certainly had heard...andheard and heard. Weekly associateeditor George Zarycky had seen themovie only four times and couldn'tstop talking about it.CBy the
thisstory was written the count was up tofive,since he insisted on accompanying assistant editor Marta Kolo-mayets When she went to see "E.T")I simply didn't know how to react."What do youmean?"
asked, whileinstinctively reaching for
pencil andplenty of paper.The couple explained that theirson is a dwarf and that
it's him
theaudience sees in the E.T. costume.Costume? Well, thisjWas the firstwe'd heard that E.T. war-human. Allnews reports to date hid describedthe alien as a mechanical creationcomposed of foam rubber, fiberglassand polyurethane, and brought to"life" through an intricate system ofelectronic and hydraulic controls.As if this wasn't enough, we thenlearned that E.T. is Ukrainian, speaksUkrainian and is a member of U-krainian National Association Branch119 in the Youngstown, Ohio, area.
it wasn't going to be a normalFriday.The visitors
were Esther
Michael Bilon, a housewife and steel-worker from Youngstown. They saidtheir 34-year-old son Michael Patrick, who goes
by the
name of Pat (orPetrush in Ukrainian) is the real starof"E.T.,"the box-office smash thatearned S87 million in 25 days - overSI7 million of that during Independence Day weekend alone.The Bilons, who happened to beout East for the LUC's annual sportsrally,'then proceeded
to tell TheWeekly the fantastic story of PatBilon. Later, The Weekly contactedE.T. himself to get the completepicture. More precisely, Weeklyphone E.T. — to use the alien'ssyntax.One of the smallest dwarfsAt 2 feet 10 inches, Pat Bilon(pronounced Bilan) is one of thesmallest adult male dwarfs in thecountry, his parents explained, adding that he doesnt consider himselfhandicapped, but there are somedisadvantages. "We're not bragging,but we're truly proud of his accomplishments," Mrs. Bilon said.A third-generation UkrainianAmerican, he was born and raised inYoungstown and still lives there withhis parents. He is active in Ukrainiancommunity organizations,includingthe League of Ukrainian Catholics,St. Anne's
Catholic Churchand parish organizations.
(Continued on ptje S)
Pat Bilon in E.T. costume.
Soyuzivka opens 30th season;Mstyslav celebrates liturgy
Metropolitan Mstyslav reads a prayer during liturgy. Assisting him are (from left):the Rev. Constantine Kalynovsky, Deacon Yurij Halicia and the Rev. VolodymyrBazylevsky.by Marta KolomayetsKERHONKSON, NY. -Metropolitan Mstyslav's presencehighlighted the opening of the 30thsummer season at Soyuzivka, the UNAresort in the Catskills, during the July 4weekend.Although tired from his five weeks oftravel through Europe where he visitedvarious Ukrainian communities,Metropolitan Mstyslav, the primate ofthe Ukrainian Orthodox Church in theU.S.A. expressed
gratitude andenthusiasm for being able to celebratedivine liturgy on Sunday, July 4,Independence Day, in St. Volodymyr'sChapel. Use of the chapel was given tothe Ukrainian Orthodox Church byBishop Basil Losten and the UNA.The Independence Day weekendbegan on Friday night with the firstdance on the Veselka terrace, to themusic of Alex Chudolij and DorkoSenchyshyn, formerly the Soyuzivka
(Continued on pafe 8)
Congressmen help activists commemorateUkrainian Human Rights Awareness Week
WASHINGTON—An exhibit in theCapitol Rotunda, the adoption ofUkrainian political prisoners by congressmen, a reception
special ordersin the House, including a call for theU.S. government to open a consulate inKiev, were some of the highlights ofUkrainian Human Rights AwarenessWeek here on June 21-25.The week was co-sponsored by theCongressional Ad Hoc Committee onthe Baltic States and Ukraine, and thePhiladelphia Ukrainian Human RightsCommittee.In a speech to the House on June 22,
Charles Dougherty (R-Pa), who aschairman of the ad hoc committee,announced that he and Rep. BrianDonnelly (D-Mass.) "will beintroducing a resolution (HR S13)asking President (Ronald) Reagan toreopen the U.S. Consulate
theearliest possible time."The human-rights week opened witha display of Ukrainian samvydav, withitems loaned from Suchasnist, TheUkrainian Museum, Smoloskyp andthe private collections of former political prisoners Nadia Svitlychna andNina Strokata.Other items at the exhibit, whichguards estimate was viewed by some25,000 people, included a map of theSoviet Union showing the location oflabor camps and prisons, letters fromHelsinki monitors smuggled to theWest, photos of Ukrainian politicalprisoners, and a piece of barbed wirefrom a Soviet labor camp smuggled outby Dr. Strokata when she came to theWest
(Cootiiimd on pete 3)
KGB intensifies its harassmentof Soviet disarmament group
MOSCOW - Just over a monthafter a small group in Moscow foundedthe Soviet Union's first independentdisarmament movement, the authorities are continuing to harass its members, reported The New York Times.Spokesmen for the group, whoseformation was announced here on June
said at a news conference on July 6that two of its founders are undervirtual house arrest by the KGB, whileothers have been called in and threatened with prosecution if they refuse todisassociate themselves from the group.Several of the group's members weresaid to have been threatened with theloss of their jobs, academic positionsand student stipends, the Times said.The spokesmen cited the case of YuriKhronopulo, a research worker, whothey said had been warned by thedirector of
institute outside Moscowwhere he works that he would bedismissed and might face prosecutionfor treason if he persisted.Earlier, several members of the groupwere threatened by the KGB withprosecution under a section of thecriminal code that provides jail termsfor those found guilty of what the codecalls "unwarranted exercise of actual orpresumed rights."Authorities have also attempted tolure adherents away from the group bypromising to issue them difficult toobtain exit visas.Two of
group's founders, Mikhailand Ludmila Ostrovsky, whose applications to leave the country had beenrejected, have now been told that theycan have visas but only if they wouldpromise to leave the country by July 10.Another couple, Vladimir and MariaFleishgakker, were reportedly told thatthey could get visas if they sever theirties with the group.Mr. Fleishgakker and the chairmanof the group, artist Sergei Batovrin, 25,were said by the group's spokesmen tohave been called in several times forquestioning by the KGB, and have beenrestricted to their apartments for lengthyperiods.Neither man attended the news conference because spokesmen said theywere under house arrest. In a messagethat reached Western reporters, Mr.Batovrin vowed to begin
hunger strikenext week if his restriction was notlifted, the Times said.The group, known as the Group forthe Establishment of Mutual TrustBetween the U.S.A. and the USSR, wasfounded at a time when the Kremlin wasmaking a major effort to promote whatit calls its "peace program for the '80s, "a series of disarmament proposals putforward by the Soviet president, LeonidBrezhnev.Moreover, Soviet propaganda hasgiven strong backing to groups in Western Europe and the United States thatoppose the Reagan administration'sstrong defense policies, even to thepoint of sending
message of support tothe organizers of the disarmament rallyin Central Park last month. At home,the Kremlin has waged a vigorouscampaign through the officially sponsored Soviet Committee for the Defenseof Peace.However, all efforts to press disarmament independently have been suppressed. A group of West Europeanswho tried to demonstrate
Red Squarein May were gang-tackled within seconds by KGB agents, and members ofthe Moscow group have been repeatedly warned that their actions aresubversive, anti-Soviet and "provocative," the Times said.
Ex-hunger strikerdeclares new fast
MOSCOW - A Soviet dissidentwho ended a 43-day hunger strike onJune 21 after Soviet authorities promised to let him leave the country tojoin his wife in the West said on July 5that he had begun another fast becauseof delays in receiving an exit visa,reported the Associated Press.Yuri Balovlenkov, a 33-year-oldformer computer programmer, calledoff
original hunger strike after beingpromised that he would be reunitedwith his wife, Yelena Kusmenko, anurse in Baltimore.But when he got to an emigrationoffice, authorities refused to give him avisa, and he resumed his fast, reportedthe AP.Mr. Balovlenkov met his wife in 1977while she was a tourist in the SovietUnion. After a struggle with the Sovietbureaucracy, they were married inDecember 1978.
irks Solzhenitsyn
WASHINGTON— When PresidentRonald Reagan hosted a special luncheon for former Soviet dissidents hereon May
conspicuously absent fromthe gathering was Nobel Prize-winningauthor Alexander Solzhenitsyn, whodeclined an invitation.Now the UPI reports that
in a
letter toPresident Reagan, the Soviet author of"The Gulag Archipelago" who lives inVermont told the president that hewanted to meet him for an "in-depthexchange of views," and not for "just aceremonial visit" or "symbolic encounters."Although the letter began and endedon a cordial note, Mr. Solzhenitsyn toldPresident Reagan that
he was
"insulted "by reports indicating that the administration felt that he had become "asymbol of
extreme Russian nationalist position."Although the letter was marked"confidential," its contents were released to the press by the author's wife.Natalia, who said that neither herhusband nor the White House hadintended to discuss the matter publicly.Mr. Solzhenitsyn also said that Mr.Reagan wanted to meet with him privately for 15 minutes before the luncheon, but the invitation fell throughbecause of a bureaucratic foul-up.The letter said in part: "Although 1'have become a symbol of an extremeRussian nationalist position,' suchwording is offensive for my fellowcountrymen to whose suffering I havededicated my entire life as a writer."Mr. Solzhenitsyn told the presidentthat he was a "patriot" and not a"nationalist"Eight Soviet emigres and exiles didattend the White House luncheon,including Gen. Petro Grigorenko, afounding member of the Moscow andKiev groups to monitor Soviet compliance with the human-rights provisions of the 1975 Helsinki Accords.
Imprisoned Polish dissident leader saysresistance must
use force
PARIS — Imprisoned Polish dissident Jacek Kuron, a founding member of
Polish Workers' Self-DefenseCommittee (KOR), said in a lettersmuggled from his cell that Solidarityleaders not in custody must
preparedto use force to press the government tolift martial law.Contents of the letter were publishedin Paris in the June 16 issue of LeMonde, and excerpts were printed inthe CSCE Digest, a publication of theCongressional Commission on Securityand Cooperation in Europe.In his letter, which was written inresponse to a call for resistance issuedby Zbigniew Bujak and Wiktor Kulersiof Solidarity's Warsaw section, Mr.Kuron argued that a social movementpredicated on the principle of gradualchange is doomed to failure."The days of illusion are over," wroteMr. Kuron. "Under martial law a
defense movement whose mere existence is intended to gradually change thesystem is impossible."Mr. Kuron also argued against aprogram of clandestine resistance "because it is only a preparation forsomething.""Consequently, unless you clearlystate what the resistance should preparefor, you will be left
organizationon your hands with disappointment,anger and hatred," he said, adding thathatred "will necessarily give rise toterror."Alluding to official figures thatpredict a 20 percent drop in Poland'sgross national product, a situation hecalls an "unparalleled disaster in thishistory of modern societies," Mr.Kuron
wrote that
believes most Poleswill not patiently tolerate an economicdecline of such magnitude. For thisreason, he argues, passive resistance isan improper strategy.In addition, Mr. Kuron rejected thenotion of an indefinite general strikesince "that would give the generals thechance of attacking all centers simultaneously and of taking advantage of theirsuperiority in men and equipment."A general strike could only succeed,Mr. Kuron went on, if the union firstwins "the complicity of the majority ofsoldiers and militiamen" and is accompanied "by a simultaneous attack on allpower and information centers.""I am not inciting you to announcethat you will
Mr. Kuron."Instead I am strongly advising you toorganize the movement and an effectiveinformation network."But, despite calling for the "autonomy of various links in the movement,"Mr. Kuron added that "certain types ofaction should be strictly reserved to acentral leadership."
(Continued on page 14)
European leaders cite Madrid parley
NEW YORK - Nearly all Europeanleaders addressing the recent specialU.N. disarmament session here calledfor renewed efforts to formulate asubstantive concluding document whenthe Madrid Conference to review the1975 Helsinki Accords reconvenes inNovember, reported the CSCE Digest.The Madrid Conference recessedafter 16 gruelling months on March 8amid East-West wrangling over thesituation in Poland and disagreementamong the 35 participating states on aformat for a follow-up parley on disarmament in Europe.Almost all the leaders who spoke atthe 12th Special Session of the U.N.General Assembly agreed that a concluding document at Madrid shouldinclude provisions for such a meeting.Soviet Foreign Minister AndreiGromyko said that countries shouldadhere to "the Helsinki spirit" byrefraining "from interference in eachother's affairs," a probable reference toWestern attacks on Soviet human-rights abuses. The Soviets have insistedthat internal dissent falls outside thescope of the conference."To be true to the Helsinki spiritmeans to complete the Madrid meetingsuccessfully, to crown its work with adecision to convene a conference onconfidence-building measures and disarmament in Europe," Mr. Gromykosaid.One of the major stumbling blocks atthe conference thus far has been Sovietintransigence on accepting a compromise solution on
post-Madrid securityconference put forth by the neutral andnon-aligned countries.Echoing Mr. Gromyko's words on aneed for such a conference, Poland'sForeign Minister Jozef Czyrek said that"recognition of mutuality ajid equalityof the security interests" of all participating
"is an
indispensable prerequisite for a successful conclusion of thiswork."Peter Strambolic, president of thepresidency of Yugoslavia, called thelaunching of a disarmament process inEurope "an absolute imperative.""We hope that the difficulties en-
(Conttnocd on pap 13)
Ukrainian WeeH
Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc.,
fraternalnon-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St, Jersey City, N
07302.(The Ukrainian Weekly
USPS 570-870)Also published by the UNA: Svoboda,
Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.The Weekly and Svoboda:
(201) 434-0237, 434-0807(212) 227-4125 І
Yearly subscription rate 58, UNA membersUNA:
(201) 451-2200(212) 227-5250
Postmaster, send address changes
Box 346Jersey City, NJ. 07303Editor Roma Sochan HadzewyczAssociate editor: George Bobdan ZaryckyAsttetarrt editor Marta Kotomayeto
Slovo congress participants defend jailed Ukrainian writers
TORONTO—The sixth international congress of Slovo, the UkrainianWriter's Association in Exile, was heldhere the weekend of June
11-13 and
washighlighted by the signing of a petitionto the secretary general of the UnitedNations, Javier Perez de Cuellar, onbehalf of the imprisoned Ukrainianwriters in the USSR.Seventy persons registered for thecongress, which was hosted by theToronto branch of Slovo, headed byDr. Oleksandra Kopach. The writersmet in the St Vladimir's Institute in thecity.Ostap Tarnawsky was re-electedpresident of the association. Otherselected include:Hryhoriy Kostiuk,honorary president, Yurij Stefanyk,first vice president and representativefor Canada; Sviatoslav Hordynsky,second vice president and representative for the United States; Yurij Boyko,third vice president and representativefor Europe; Dmytro Chub-Nytchen-
fourth vice president and representative for Australia.Ulana Liubovych was elected financial secretary, Osyp Zinkewych waselected secretary. Members of thepresidium include: Vadim Lesych,Participants of the sixth international congress of Slovo, the Ukrainian Writers' Association in Exile.Dokia Humenna, Bohdan Rubchak,Bohdan Boychyk, Ivan Kernytsky andOleksa Veretenchenko.The new auditing committee consistsof: Ivan Korovytsky, Ivan Smolij andIvan Bodnarchuk. The elections committee consists of Messr. Kostiuk,Smolij and Bodnarchuk.The congress featured a book exhibit,meetings with various authors and.several topical sessions, including
talkon the state of contemporary Ukrainianliterature, given by
Rubchak.Saturday evening included an authors'night, in which over
appearedbefore an audience of 400 people.During Saturday's session over 150persons signed the petition to theUnited Nations, which underlined theplight of such Ukrainian writers anddissidents as Mykola Rudenko, OlesBerdnyk, Vasyl Stus, Mykola Horbal,Taras Melnychuk, Vyacheslav Chorno-vil, Yevhen Sverstiuk, Danylo Shumuk,Zinoviy Krasivsky and Ivan Svitlychny,and urged the United Nations to appealto the governments of the UkrainianSSR and the USSR to release thesemembers of the International PENClub and "prisoners of conscience"adopted by Amnesty International.
Congressmen help...
 pafe 1)
Fifty congressmen also visited theexhibit, as did official delegations fromEurope, according to Capitol Hillguards.Several congressmen also adoptedUkrainian political prisoners,
manyshowed a personal interest in the casesof the prisoners they chose. Rep. Eugene Atkinson (D-Pa), who adoptedUkrainian dissident Vasyl Stus, whileviewing the display asked: "Is mypolitical prisoner,
Stus, representedin the exhibit?"
Dougherty declared in hisaddress that
he had
adopted imprisonedHelsinki monitor
Lukianenko, whohas been serving a 15-year labor-campand exile term since 1977. Rep. JamesCoyne (R-Pa.), speaking in the Houseon June 23, said that he had adoptedIvan Svitlychny, who suffered a severestroke while serving
of afive-year internal exile term."We must do all we can for thisdedicated and admirable man of conscience suffering in his harsh world ofexile," said Rep. Coyne.Several congressmen took the floorof the House to speak about UkrainianHuman Rights Awareness Week, whileothers had statements included in theCongressional Record.In his address to the House, Rep.Dougherty noted the Kremlin's disregard for human and national rights inUkraine, and read into the record TheUkrainian Weekly's December 27,1981,synopsis of dissent and persecution inUkraine.During Ukrainian Human RightsAwareness Week, we commemoratethese modern-day martyrs and theinspiration they have all provided to allfreedom-loving people of the world,""said Rep. Dougherty.Noting that the notion of Soviet unityis a "fallacy," Rep. Joe Moakley (D-Mass.), told colleagues that the USSRis held together through coercion andtyranny. He used the forced famine inUkraine in the 1930s which killed some7 million people as a vivid example ofthe extent of Soviet intimidation."By monitoring the state of humanrights in Ukraine, we can exert pressureon the Soviet government while invigorating the determination of those whohave the courage to dissent," he said.Also addressing the House was Rep.Donnelly, who commended "Americans of Ukrainian heritage for keepingthe dream of an independent homelandin Ukraine alive through this longperiod of adversity."'Today's special order clearly showsour continuing concern about
plightof the native people of Ukraine and ourcommitment to keeping their strugglealive," said Rep. Donnelly.Among other congressmen who hadstatements submitted into the Congressional Record were Reps. MillicentFenwick (R-N
Gregory Carmen (R-N.Y.), Harold Hollenbeck (R-N.J.),Hamilton Fish (R-N.Y.), ChristopherSmith (R-N.J.), Geraldine Ferraro (D-N.Y.), William Hughes (D-N.J.), DonBailey (D-Pa), John Fary (D-Ill.),Bernard Dwyer (D-N.J.), Silvio Cotrte(R-Mass.), and Ed Derwinski (R-Ill.).The Congressional reception washosted by Rep. Dougherty and theUkrainian Human Rights Committee atthe culmination of the week.Among those in attendance was EliotAbrams, assistant secretary of state forhuman rights and humanitarian affairs,who said he brought personal greetingsfrom President Reagan. He also spokeabout the reopening of the U.S. Con-'sulate in Kiev.Congressmen in attendance includedReps. Bailey, Atkinson, Coyne andDwyer, as well as Reps. Don Ritter (R-
Douglas Walgren (D-Pa.), JohnConyers (D-Mich.), Bill Green (R-N.Y.), Robert Logomars (R-Calf.), and
DeNardis (R-Conn.).In addition, some 30 congressionaloffices sent representatives to thereception. Also present were Dr.Stro-kata, Meg Donovan from the Commission on Security
Cooperation InEurope, as well as Fairiborz Fatimi, thedirector of the Committee on HumanRights and International Organizations.
Natalia Fadusehik
Charles Dougherty speaks at theHuman Rights Awareness Week reception.
James K. CoynePhiladelphia Human Rights Committee members are seen with Elliot Abrams,assistant secretary of state for human rights and humanitarian affairs. From left
Odarka Turcheniuk, Vera Andreyczyk, Irene Skulsky, Irene Jurchak, UlanaMazurkevich, Mr. Abrams, Chrystia Senyk and Christine Sonet.

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