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Reaching Tipping Point?: Climate change and poverty in Tajikstan

Reaching Tipping Point?: Climate change and poverty in Tajikstan

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Published by Oxfam
The people of Tajikistan, a small, mountainous country in Central Asia, are experiencing the impacts of climate change. More frequent droughts and heightened extreme weather conditions are hitting poor communities, eroding their resilience. The country's glaciers are melting, bringing the danger, in the future, of greater water shortages and potential disputes in the wider region. Last summer's unusually good rains and consequent harvest brought some relief to rural communities across Tajikistan but the long-term trends are clear - and ominous. This report is based on interviews undertaken in communities in Spitamen and Ganchi in the north and Vose, Fakhor, and Temurmalik in the south in October 2009. It gives an insight into how poor men and women are experiencing climate change, and what challenges they are currently facing - and will continue to face in the future. It makes recommendations on what needs to happen to help them cope better with climate change.
The people of Tajikistan, a small, mountainous country in Central Asia, are experiencing the impacts of climate change. More frequent droughts and heightened extreme weather conditions are hitting poor communities, eroding their resilience. The country's glaciers are melting, bringing the danger, in the future, of greater water shortages and potential disputes in the wider region. Last summer's unusually good rains and consequent harvest brought some relief to rural communities across Tajikistan but the long-term trends are clear - and ominous. This report is based on interviews undertaken in communities in Spitamen and Ganchi in the north and Vose, Fakhor, and Temurmalik in the south in October 2009. It gives an insight into how poor men and women are experiencing climate change, and what challenges they are currently facing - and will continue to face in the future. It makes recommendations on what needs to happen to help them cope better with climate change.

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Published by: Oxfam on Aug 27, 2013
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08/27/2013

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ReachingTippingPoint?
Climate Changeand Poverty in Tajikistan
 
Summary 2Climate Change: Past, Present and Future 5Climate Change: Poverty and Low adaptive Capacity 9Climate Change: Agriculture and Food Security 11Climate Change and Water 14Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction 17Challenges o Adapting to Climate Change 19Conclusions 21
Contents
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Summary
The people o Tajikistan, a small, mountainouscountry in Central Asia, are experiencing theimpacts o climate change. More requentdroughts and heightened extreme weatherconditions are hitting poor communities,eroding their resilience. The country’s glaciersare melting, bringing the danger, in the uture,o greater water shortages and even disputes inthe wider region. Last summer’s unusually goodrains and consequent harvest brought somerelie to rural communities across Tajikistan butthe long-term trends are clear – and ominous.
 Tajikistan’s plight highlights the international injustice o climate change. Tajikistan is one o the countries leastresponsible or the greenhouse gas emissions that arecausing climate change. It ranks around 109th in theworld or all greenhouse gas emissions and 129th inemissions per capita; its people emit less than 1 tonneo carbon dioxide per head, compared to nearly 20tons by citizens o North America.
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 The government o Tajikistan recognises the actand importance o climate change and its impacts,but it aces serious challenges in terms o undingand lack o capacity to cope with such a potentiallyoverwhelming phenomenon. Increased unding orresearch on the impacts o climate change is urgentlyneeded. Planning in high-risk environments requiresinvestments that are beyond the nancing capacitieso most governments acting alone.
“It’s not crisis point yet butit will be soon”
 Timur Idrisov, NGO, Little Earth,October 2009.
 This Oxam report is based on interviews undertaken incommunities in Spitamen and Ganchi in the north and Vose, Fakhor and Temurmalik in the south in October2009. It gives an insight into how poor men and womenare experiencing climate change, what challenges theyare currently acing – and will continue to ace in theuture. It makes suggestions or what they say needs tohappen to help them cope better with climate change. This report draws attention to the plight o poorcommunities in Tajikistan, and also highlightsOxam’s demands or a climate change deal that isboth air and sae – that agrees both the drastic cutsthat are necessary in greenhouse gas emissions andthe new unds that developing countries like Tajikistanneed to adapt. Oxam considers the United Nationsconerence on climate change at Copenhagen amissed opportunity, and the Accord that came out o it, a “climate shame”. The talks were characterized bychaos and near-collapse. The pursuit o national interestby the major powers deepened the mistrust betweendeveloped, developing and industrializing countries.2010 may be the last chance or these climatenegotiations to prove they are an eective process orstopping climate change by delivering a air, ambitiousand binding deal. The time or action is now. 
“Last year was drought – or 3 yearswe could not grow wheat and barley.Because o 3 years o drought we arenot planting wheat in rain-ed lands,people do not want to invest,”Saidshoev Abdualim, a village elder in Vose District,October 2009. Photo: Anita Swarup
Temurmalik District, south Tajikstan. Photo: Anita Swarup
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