Apparatus and Materials
Separatory funnel, distilling flask, liquid funnel, filter paper, distillation apparatus,waste container for used solvent, desiccator, kitchen water sample, hydrochloric acid,n-hexane, anhydrous sodium sulphate, and distilled water.
200 mL of kitchen water sample was acidified with 5 mL of HCl, and thentransferred to a separatory funnel.
30 mL of n-hexane solvent was added to the funnel and the mixture was shakenvigorously for 2 min.3.The upper solvent layer was transferred into a conical flask.
The lower aqueous layer and any remaining emulsion were extracted with 2 portions of 30 mL n-hexane where the solvent layer was transferred to the sameconical flask after each washing.
Anhydrous sodium sulphate was added to the extract in the conical flask toabsorb traces of water.
The dried extract was filtered into a tarred distilling flask and then distilled at 63 – 69 °C.
The remaining oil and grease in the distilling flask was cooled in desiccator andweighed.
The procedures were repeated with deionized water as blank.
Result and Calculation
1.Kitchen water sampleStarting temperature = 28 °CTemperature range at which = 64 – 65 °C