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Dealing in Security - understanding vital services and how they keep you safe

Dealing in Security - understanding vital services and how they keep you safe

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Published by Vinay Gupta

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Published by: Vinay Gupta on Jun 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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Dealing in
injuryhunger
t   o   o    h   o   t   t   h   i    r   s   t   
    i     l     l   n   e   s   s   t   o   o    c   o     l   d
personhomevillagetownregioncountryworld
theindividualhome
hospitalsewageplanttoiletpolicemilitaryfoodmktsfoodshopskitchenstorescookingheatingpowerstationwaterplanttapwaterenergymktsfuelmktscooling
Security 
understanding vital servicesand how they keep you safe understanding vital servicesand how they keep you safe
hexayurt@gmail.com
 
simple criticalinfrastructuremap
(SCIM)
 
2010.07.9/v3.2
SCIM
Dealing inSecurity
SCIM: Individual
This example
simple critical infrastructure map
shows how atypical western individual isprotected from the
six ways to die
bythe
layers of infrastructure
.SCIM:I maps can be drawn toprepare action plans as part of a risk assessment process. The map canshow the details of infrastructure ina particular area.Crisis responders can update mapsduring an infrastructure failure toidentify key response priorities andprotect the public.The public can draw their own mapsto identify their vulnerabilities toinfrastructure failure. National andmunicipal agencies can help bymaking standard maps of theirservices available.
injuryhunger
t   o   o    h   o   t   t   h   i    r   s   t   
    i     l     l   n   e   s   s   t   o   o    c   o     l   d
personhomevillagetownregioncountryworld
theindividualhome
hospitalsewageplanttoiletpolicemilitaryfoodmktsfoodshopskitchenstorescookingheatingpowerstationwaterplanttapwaterenergymktsfuelmktscooling
 
2010.07.9/v3.2
SCIM
Dealing inSecurity
Six ways to die (6WTD)
There are six basic ways in whichpeople die, and three sets of essential services which protectthem.
Shelter protects from:
1. Too Hot2. Too Cold
Supply protects from:
3. Hunger4. Thirst
Safety protects from:
5. Illness6. Injury 
Good physical infrastructure andsocial services bring these risksdown to acceptable levels. In a crisisthe challenge is to reduce theserisks by restoring essential services.
Shelter
Shelter refers not just to the home,but to the essential services likepower, cooling, heating and so onthat make it habitable year round.Not all homes have these services,and not all climates require them.
Supply 
We all need regular food and waterto stay alive. These essential suppliesare provided in very different waysin different parts of the world -plumbing versus water carriers, forexample.
Safety 
Protection from illness and injury isprovided by health care, publichealth, hospitals, sanitationinfrastructure, police, securityservices and the military.In the developing world, the six risksare increased by a combination of poor physical infrastructure, poverty,and in some areas social instability.In most crises in the developedworld the short term pressures oninfrastructure systems do notthreaten lives. However, in moresevere times of crisis, or indeveloping world disasters,infrastructure failures can be evenmore dangerous than the originaldisaster. Water and sanitation issuesare particularly problematic.
Simple critical infrastructure maps
SCIM) are a reasonable way of building a simple, realisticmodel of criticalinfrastructuresystems.

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