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Lathe Modelling 1

Lathe Modelling 1

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Published by: coyotewelder6282 on Jun 12, 2009
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06/25/2013

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Onlyafewhandtoolsareneededtobuild
--
thislathe,theheadstockitselfbeingused
1
HIS
metal-turninglathe,the
forturninganddrillingotherparts
A
frontandrearviewsofwhich areshowninthephotosabove,hasaca- Besurethatthespindleholeisparallelto pacityofdiametersupto
4%
in.andathebottomsurface,andreamittofitthe, maximumdistancebetweencentersofspindlewithoutshake.Thewashersshown about
5%
in.Thetools'requiredtobuildshouldbeofbrassiftheheadissteel,and itareahacksaw,breastdrill,files,clampssteeliftheheadisbronze.Theymaybe andafewdrills,tapsanddies.leftoffuntilyoucanturnthemupyour- Assemblethelegsandfeetofthebed,selfaftercompletingthemachine.Making showninFig.1,andthenassemblethesetheheadofbronzegivesthe.bestspindle tothetopangles,withthewholeinanin- bearing.Theheadstockmaybemadeof vertedpositiononagoodflatsurface.anoldbearingofsuitableproportions, Clamptogetheranddrilltheboltholesblockingituptotherequiredheightand throughthethreepiecesatonetime,bolt-.fittinganyavailablechucktoit,oritcen ingbeforeremovingtheclamps.Havethebemadeupspeciallyfrom
2%
by
2%
holesasnugfitforthebolts.Thispro- %-in.pieceofcold-rolledsteel. An
01
cedurewillinsurethebedtopbeingtrue holeorcupshouldbeprovidedontheto1 andflat.Theconepulleyandachuck,of tooilthespindle.Boltthecompletedhead- about%-in.capacity,canbepurchased stocktotheleftendofthebedwitha3h-in. fromthestoressellingthesmallpopular bolt,1%in.long,andawasher,andlineit woodworkingmachinesandaccessories. upwiththespindleparalleltothebedslot.
If
you
build
the
headstock
showninFig.
A
goodmethodof
oheokidgthisalinemenL
2,
itwillbewelltobuyoneofthesmall isindicatedinFig.
4.
Astraightrod,abou polishing-headspindlesthatarealready
1/4
in.
in
diameterand10in.long,is threadedwiththespecialthreadtofitthe clamped
in
thechucksothatitdoesnot chuck,togetherwithacollartofit.The showeccentricitywhenthespindleisre- spindleis.cutoff
to
therequiredlength.volved.
A
square,standingonthebed,is
 
I
-
HOLE
@
HEADSTOCK
/
-
setsothatittouchestherod,and thedistancefromthesquareedge tothebedslotismeasuredinsev-
-
,
era1placesalongitslength.The alinementistruewhenthismeas-
.
urementisthesamewhentaken
-
atan9place.Itisagoodplanto
,
putinacoupleofdowelstomain- tainthissetting.Setupthelathewiththecoun- tershaftandmotor.
A
general
ar-
rangementofthedriveisshown
,
inFig.
6,
togetherwiththepulley
,
sizestoobtaintherightspeeds. Themotorshouldbeatleast
%
hp.Pulleysandcountershaftare ofthetypeusedonsmallwood- workingmachines,andwillcost about
$3.75.
V-shapedrubberbeltsarethebest,astheywillnot causelossofpowerthroughslip- page.Thetailstock,inFig.
5,
isfirstbuilt'upcomplete,butthe spindleholeisnotdrilleduntil later.Thedowel'sizesarenotgiv- eninanyofthedrawings,asthese canbemadetosuitmaterialsat hand.Toborethetailstock,place it
on
themachine,withthestudnutjust tightenoughtopreventshakeandstill permitslidingforwardonto
the
drill.
A
temporaryscrewfeedisriggeduptoslide thetailstockforwardbyclampingapiece, withalongscrewinit,tothebedendwith the.screwendpushingagainstthetail-
.
'
stock.Threadthespindleholefromthe
.
s
,
*
. .
-
. .
I
 
LATHE
BENCH
ti.
.?TOR
\
1
inthefrontendofthespindle.Thetaperis slideassembly,and,asinthecaseofthe reamedwitha%-in.drillorreamertailstock,thehandwheelscanbetempo- groundto
thi?
requiredangle.rarilyomittedbylockingtwonuts
as
aThesliderestisshowninFig.3.The substitute,untilthewheelscanbeturned angularfacesofthepartscomposingtheuponthecompletedlathe. dovetailslidesarebeveledwithafileand Theha1settingoftheslidesat
90'
is
shouldbesmoothandflat.Alltheslide- donewiththesliderestonthelathe,by restscrewanddowelholescanbedrilled,feedingthecrossslideacrossundera usingthelatheandtailstockasadrill-scriber,setupandclampedsolidly
to
eitherpress.Theoutsidebeveledpiecesareat-headstockortailstock,sothatitscratches tachedtotheundersidesoftherespectivealineonthetopsurfaceofthecross-slide plates,andthese,withthegibsandadjust-plate.Alineisthenscribedby
hand
oningscrews
in
place,areusedasgaugesforthesamesurfaceaccuratelyatright
an-
thematinginnerparts.Thesidesofthe glestothefist.Next,withthescriber
,
innerdovetailpartsarefiledparallel,setupas
an
indicatoronthesecondline, whichisdeterminedwhenthesepiecesfeedinthelowerslidesothesecondline
-
will
slidethroughthegaugewiththesame followsunderthepoint.
If
thesettingisfeelalltheway.Bluepaintwillaid,usedcorrect,khepointshouldfollowtheline.
in
the
manner
of
fitting
bearinge.
The
ao-
Play
in
thescrewholes
should
permit
the
semblyofthelowerslide
is
completedslidestobemovedbylighttapsofa
ham-
fist,andtheinnerdovetailpartofthemer,untillinedupproperly,after
which
upper,orcross,slideisfastenedonat
90°,
theyaredoweled.Thekeyshould
be
filed
usingasquare
to
setitandomittingthefrom
a
piecewiderthan
?$
in.
SO
that
itdowelsatthistime.Completetheupper-will
fit
snuglyinthe
bed
slot,
and
drilled
-
/

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