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1 Oracle Overview

1 Oracle Overview

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Published by: waleed on Jun 13, 2009
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Oracle Overview
Oracle Corporation: is an American multinational corporation that specializes in developing andmarketing enterprise software products, particularly database management systems. In 2007Oracle ranked third on the list of largest software companies in the world, after Microsoft andIBM
500 Oracle ParkwayRedwood Shores, California 94065U.S.A.
(650) 506-7000
(650) 506-7200http://www.oracle.com/
1977 as System Development Laboratories
$10.2 billion (2004)
Stock Exchanges:
Ticker Symbol:
ORCLPublishes two magazines: Oracle and Profit
System Development Laboratories, the precursor to Oracle, is founded.
The Oracle Relational Database Manager Program is developed.
Oracle forms its first international subsidiary, Oracle Denmark.
The Company becomes Oracle Corporation.
Oracle goes public on NASDAQ and debuts its SQL*Star software.
Oracle ranks as the world's largest database management softwarecompany.
The Company experiences its first fiscal loss.
Nippon Steel Corporation buys a stake in Oracle Japan; Oracle7 makes itsdebut.
Network Computer Inc. is established.
Oracle Japan goes public.
Oracle E-Business Suite 11i and Technology Network (OTN) Xchange areintroduced.
Oracle's database system is the first to pass nine industry standard securityevaluations.
Oracle attempts a hostile takeover of rival PeopleSoft.
Department of Justice files multiple antitrust lawsuits to prevent Oracle'stakeover of PeopleSoft.
Chapter 1 | OracleOverview
Oracle Versions
2004 Oracle 10g Flashback Query, Data Pump, Automatic StorageManagement.2002 Oracle9i Release 2RAC and Advanced Analytic Service (businessintelligence), Fine-grained auditing.2001 Oracle9i Release 1RAC and Advanced Analytic Service (businessintelligence), Fine-grained auditing.2000 Oracle8i Release 2Oracle tools integrated in middle tier: 9i ApplicationServer available1999First RDBMS on Linux1998 Oracle8iJava support, SQLJ, XML and Oracle interMedia.1997 Version 8First web database, object-oriented developmentand multimedia, Binary data types, TablePartitioning. Very Large Database (VLDB) features1995 Version 7for 64-bit RDBMS1994 Version 7For PC.1992 Version 7for UNIX, distributed transactions, storedprocedures, triggers, declarative referentialintegrity, User-Defined Functions, Cost basedoptimizer, Varchar2 datatype, ANSI SQL92, Paralleloperations including query, load, and index creation1988 Version 6Oracle Financial Applications built on relationaldatabase.1986 Version 5First distributed database, first true client/serverdatabase, VAX-cluster support, and distributedqueries. Row Level Locking.1984 Version 4First portable toolset; first RDBMS for IBM PC,introduced read consistency, was ported to multipleplatforms, first interoperability between PC andserver.1982 Version 3- First portable database (mainframes,minicomputers, and PC); first RDBMS to support SMP
Chapter 1 | OracleOverview
1980 Version 2- First commercial SQL database (PDP11/VAX)1979 Version 1- Not commercially released.
Example of an Oracle Database Release Number
Database Administrators
Each database requires at least one database administrator (DBA). An Oracle Database systemcan be large and can have many users. Therefore, database administration is sometimes not aone-person job, but a job for a group of DBAs who share responsibility.A database administrator's responsibilities can include the following tasks:
Installing and upgrading the Oracle Database server and application tools
Allocating system storage and planning future storage requirements for the databasesystem
Creating primary database storage structures (tablespaces) after application developershave designed an application
Creating primary objects (tables, views, indexes) once application developers havedesigned an application
Modifying the database structure, as necessary, from information given by applicationdevelopers
Enrolling users and maintaining system security
Controlling and monitoring user access to the database
Monitoring and optimizing the performance of the database
Backing up and restoring the database
Maintaining archived data on tape
Contacting Oracle for technical support
Chapter 1 | OracleOverview

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