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Critical Thinking - Concepts & Tools

Critical Thinking - Concepts & Tools

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Published by: carmo-neto on Aug 28, 2013
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02/24/2014

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The Miniature Guideto
The Foundation for Critical Thinking 
www.criticalthinking.org707-878-9100cct@criticalthinking.org
By Dr. Richard Paul and Dr. Linda Elder 
Critical Thinking 
C
onCepts
 
and
t
ools
 
Why A Critical Thinking Mini-Guide?
This miniature guide ocuses on o the essence o critical thinking concepts andtools distilled into pocket size. For aculty it provides a shared concept o criticalthinking. For students it is a critical thinking supplement to any textbook or any course. Faculty can use it to design instruction, assignments, and tests in any subject.Students can use it to improve their learning in any content area.Its generic skills apply to all subjects. For example, critical thinkers are clear as to thepurpose at hand and the question at issue. They question inormation, conclusions,and points o view. They strive to be clear, accurate, precise, and relevant. They seek to think beneath the surace, to be logical, and air. They apply these skills to theirreading and writing as well as to their speaking and listening. They apply them inhistory, science, math, philosophy, and the arts; inproessional and personal lie.When this guide is used as a supplement to the textbook in multiple courses,students begin to perceive the useulness o critical thinking in every domain o learning. And i their instructors provide examples o the application o the subjectto daily lie, students begin to see that education is a tool or improving the quality o their lives.I you are a student using this mini-guide, get in the habit o carrying it withyou to every class. Consult it requently in analyzing and synthesizing what you arelearning. Aim or deep internalization o the principles you fnd in it—until usingthem becomes second nature.I successul, this guide will serve aculty, students, and the educational programsimultaneously. Richard Paul Linda ElderCenter or Critical Thinking Foundation or Critical Thinking
 
The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools
Fourth Edition © 2006 Foundation for Critical Thinking www.criticalthinking.org
Contents
Why Critical Thinking?4 The Elements of Thought5A Checklist for Reasoning 6Questions Using the Elements of Thought 8 The Problem of Egocentric Thinking 9Universal Intellectual Standards 10 Template for Analyzing the Logic of Articles and Textbooks 13Criteria for Evaluating Reasoning 14Essential Intellectual Traits15 Three Kinds of Questions18A Template for Problem-Solving 19Analyzing and Assessing Research20What Critical Thinkers Routinely Do21Stages of Critical Thinking Development22

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