alliance with Washington, Tel Aviv and Riyadh. But the revolution had left deep cracks in the regime and the military needed a partner that could comprehend and abort the continuous revolution.This was the cue for the role of the Muslim Brotherhood - the largest political organisation, which enjoyed the greatest influence among the masses.
The Brotherhood, the military and the US
It goes without saying that European and US opposition to the coup had little to do with humanity or democracy. These imperialist powers operate only in accordance with their interests. Neither did condemnation of the coup come from choosing the Brotherhood over their historical allies, namely the army and secret service.So what is the US and its European partners’ imperialist strategy in our region and towards Egypt specifically?The strategy can be broken down to two main elements. The first, naturally, is US political and military domination of oil-rich Arab nations and specifically Saudi Arabia. The second is securing the Zionist state that serves as the military ally central to US control over the region.The importance of the region’s oil to the US has increased over the last three decades for several reasons. Firstly, oil from the region continues to be the main source of energy for many major capitalist states namely China, Japan and the EU. US control of this valuable prize is central for Washington to maintain its position at the top of the capitalist pyramid despite the rapid ascent of capitalist powerhouses like China. Secondly, and particularly recently, Saudi and the Gulf sheikhdoms have become central financial centres in the global capitalist system. This role became vital as a result of the 2008 financial crisis. Here we see logic behind the increasing centrality of the ‘Carter doctrine’ that declared, after the Iranian revolution, that any threat to the Arab oil-rich countries would be considered a direct threat to vital US interests and would be met with force where necessary. This was demonstrated in the war on Iraq of 1991 and its invasion in 2003.Washington considered the Arab revolutions, and particularly the Egyptian revolution, a nightmare even more dangerous than the Iranian 1979 revolution. The possibility of these revolutions spreading to the Gulf States posed and continues to pose a serious threat to strategic interests of the U.S and its European allies.Revolutionary forces coming to power pose another threat. Peace accords with the Zionist state could be scrapped and compromise the Israel’s influence and even long term existence.The US backed the Muslim Brotherhood because it became obvious during SCAF’s rule that force alone could not halt the state of revolution. The Muslim Brotherhood would uphold the previous regime’s strategic alliances.With America’s blessings a deal was made between the Brotherhood and the Army. The Brotherhood’ ascent to power was accepted in return for maintaining Mubarak era policies and alliances and the guaranteeing that the regime’s vital interests would not be threatened while public anger would be actively dissipated and the revolution aborted.The Brotherhood were more than ready to play this despicable role and immediately pledged allegiance to Washington, to the Camp David accords and to the Saudi king whose hand they rushed to kiss. Retribution for the Martyrs and all other revolutionary demands, were thrown out of the window. Army and Police commanders were granted safe exit and economic policies initiated by Mubarak, his businessmen and generals were maintained.