The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, ounded at Stanord University in 1919 by Herbert Hoover,who went on to become the thirty-rst president o theUnited States, is an interdisciplinary research center oradvanced study on domestic and international aairs. The viewsexpressed in its publications are entirely those o the authors and donot necessarily refect the views o the sta, ocers, or Board o Overseers o the Hoover Institution.www.hoover.org
Hoover Institution Press Publication
by the Board o Trustees o theLeland Stanord Junior UniversityThe publisher has made this work available under a CreativeCommons Attribution-NoDerivs license 3.0. To view a copy o this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0.First printing
19 18 17 16 15 14 13 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Manuactured in the United States o AmericaThe paper used in this publication meets the minimumRequirements o the American National Standard or InormationSciences
Permanence o Paper or Printed Library Materials,ANSI/NISO Z
Copyright © 2013 by the Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University. All rights reserved.